Podcast Episode 29
Podcast inspiration link: FAC447-JLB, Faye, John Adams, Rollo
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reconstruction_era • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Transcontinental_Railroad • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_Fleming • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Fleming_%26_Co.
"Thomas Commerford Martin (July 22, 1856 – May 17, 1924) was an American electrical engineer and editor."
"He was born in London, England. His father worked with Lord Kelvin and other pioneers of submarine telegraph cables, and Martin spent much time on the cable-laying ship SS Great Eastern. Educated as a theological student, Martin came to the United States in 1877. He was associated with Thomas A. Edison in his work in 1877–1879 and thereafter was engaged in editorial work. From 1883 to 1909 he served as editor of the Electrical World, after 1909 was executive secretary of the National Electric Light Association, and in 1900–1911 was a special agent of the United States Census Office. At various times he lectured at the Royal Institution of Engineers, London, the ParisSociété Internationale des Electriciens, the University of Nebraska, and Columbia University. He was a founding member of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, and served as president in 1887-1888"
"The Electric Motor and Its Applications (1887; third edition, 1888), with Joseph Wetzler
Edison, His Life and Inventions, (1910), with Frank Lewis Dryer
The Inventions, Researches, and Writings of Nikola Tesla (1893; third edition, 1894)
The Story of Electricity, 1919 (ed) with Stephen Leidy Coles
Reminiscences Of Pioneer Days In St. Paul with Frank Moore,"
"The inventions : researches and writing of Nikola Tesla, with special reference to his work in polyphase currents and high potential lighting"
Thomas Commerford Martin
"Thomas Commerford Martin (1856-1924) was a London, England-born electrical engineer and editor who worked with Thomas A. Edison from 1877 to 1879. From 1883 to 1909 he served as editor of the Electrical World, executive secretary of the National Electric Light Association in 1909, and from 1900 to 1911 was a special agent of the U.S. Census Bureau. He also lectured at the Royal Institution of Engineers, London, the Paris Société Internationale des Electriciens, the University of Nebraska, and Columbia. In 1887-1888 he served as president of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers. He was author of The Electric Motor and Its Applications (1887), Inventions, Researches, and Writings of Nikola Tesla (1893) and Edison: His Life and Inventions (1910)."
"Martin was AIEE president from 1887 to 1888."
"FOR its third president the Institute chose an editor of electrical magazines, author, and association executive. He was Thomas Commerford Martin, who assumed the presidency of the Institute at the age of 30. Mr. Martin was born in London, England, July 22, 1856. Owing to the relation of his father to the pioneer submarine cable industry, the boy had the unique experience of spending much of his time on the historic cable-laying steamship "Great Eastern" and of making the early acquaintance of Professor William Thomson (Lord Kelvin). Although educated as a theological student, Mr. Martin came to the United States in 1877; entering the service of Thomas A. Edison that year, he had much to do with several famous inventions, and wrote many articles in the New York papers on them, notably on the telephone, microphone, and phonograph. Due to ill health, he resigned in 1879 and went to the West Indies, where he undertook journalistic adventures and work for the Government of Jamaica. Returning to New York in 1882, he edited The Operator, and in 1883, as one of the editors of the Electrical World, got out its first issue practically single handed. He remained as its editor for 26 years.
Then, in 1909, he was elected secretary of the former National Electric Light Association, which he had helped to found in 1885. On account of impaired health, he resigned in 1919, becoming advisory secretary. His annual report on the progress of the industry was for many years a leading feature of N.E.L.A. conventions. In 1923 he also became secretary of the New York Electrical Society, of which he had been a charter member, and in 1900, its president. He died May 17, 1924.
Mr. Martin was not only very active in 1884 as a founder and charter member of the A.I.E.E. and as its acting secretary at that time, but he had served in all of its elective offices except that of treasurer. Mr. Martin was also instrumental in the purchase by Doctor Schuyler Skaats Wheeler of the Latimer Clark Library for the Institute, and the securing of the famous gift of $1,500,000 from Andrew Carnegie for the Engineering Societies Building and Engineers' Club. He served for 4 years on the 2 building committees, and as president opened the new building with Doctor Carnegie in 1907. He was president of the Engineers' Club of New York 1907-08.
Mr. Martin was the author of numerous electrical books, and contributed frequently to the leading American encyclopedias and magazines. As special electrical expert for the U.S. Census Office between 1900 and 1915, his reports on the vast range of electrical industries and utilities were of tremendous importance. He lectured widely in this and other countries. He was decorated by the French Government as Officer de l' Instruction Publique in 1907. He was one of the founders of the American Museum of Safety and of the Illuminating Engineering Society. He had represented the Institute and 3 other American societies at the Kelvin Jubilee in 1896 at Glasgow University. He was a member of several other engineering and scientific societies."
Papers of T.C. Martin - records and correspondence, 1909 - 1924"
"At age 35, Nikola Tesla became a naturalized citizen of the United States and established his laboratory in New York City. Shortly thereafter, Tesla spent several months visiting scientists and lecturing in Europe. Following is an account in a London newspaper of one of Nikola Tesla's lectures given to the Institution of Electrical Engineers at the Royal Institution."
The Royal Institution
"The Royal Institution of Great Britain (often abbreviated as the Royal Institution or Ri) is an organisation devoted to scientific education and research, based in London. It was founded in 1799 by the leading British scientists of the age including Henry Cavendish and its first president, George Finch, the 9th Earl of Winchilsea, for diffusing the knowledge, and facilitating the general introduction, of useful mechanical inventions and improvements; and for teaching, by courses of philosophical lectures and experiments, the application of science to the common purposes of life."
"Attitudes towards new immigrants have cycled between favorable and hostile since the 1790s."
"The history of immigration to the United States details the movement of people to the United States starting with the first European settlements from around 1600. Beginning around this time, British and other Europeans settled primarily on the east coast. Later Africans were imported as slaves. The United States experienced successive waves of immigration, particularly from Europe. Immigrants sometimes paid the cost of transoceanic transportation by becoming indentured servants after their arrival in the New World. Later, immigration rules became more restrictive; the ending of numerical restrictions occurred in 1965. Recently, cheap air travel has increased immigration from Asia and Latin America. Attitudes towards new immigrants have cycled between favorable and hostile since the 1790s."
Telephone, telegraph, and power lines over the streets of New York City during the Great Blizzard of 1888. (The New York Historical Society Image/Wikimedia Commons)
Electrical Engineer, The February 1st, 1893 THE PHYSIOLOGICAL AND OTHER EFFECTS OF HIGH FREQUENCY CURRENTS by Nikola Tesla