Podcast Episode 34
image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monochord • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Masonic_ritual_and_symbolism • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_Jack • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jolly_Roger
Of treasure maps and long lost treasure...
CODEX I: THE PILLARS
"We are introduced, in the Fellow Craft lecture, to King Solomon’s Temple. On our way to the Middle Chamber we are taught of the first sight we behold, the two pillars. Drawn to scale, and written in ‘Masonic code’ are the proportions of the pillars. They are adorned with the globes Terrestrial and Celestial, denoting Freemasonry universally. The descriptions of the lily, network and pomegranate are also written in Masonic code. At top right, you see above the globe Celestial is “Polaris”; the globe was drawn in such a way as to point toward that star because it gives direction, which is what we are taught as Freemasons. The codex also contains a vanishing point, a dimensionless line which ends at infinity and is involved in the science of perspective."
RE: The power of literacy:
Of Isis, Papyrus and Bibles:
'With Osiris's corpse inside, the chest floats out into the sea, arriving at the city of Byblos'
"The cohesive account by Plutarch, which deals mainly with this portion of the myth, differs in many respects from the known Egyptian sources. Set—whom Plutarch, using Greek names for many of the Egyptian deities, refers to as "Typhon"—conspires against Osiris with seventy-two unspecified accomplices, as well as a queen from ancient Aethiopia (Nubia). Set has an elaborate chest made to fit Osiris's exact measurements and then, at a banquet, declares that he will give the chest as a gift to whoever fits inside it. The guests, in turn, lie inside the coffin, but none fit inside except Osiris. When he lies down in the chest, Set and his accomplices slam the cover shut, seal it, and throw it into the Nile. With Osiris's corpse inside, the chest floats out into the sea, arriving at the city of Byblos, where a tree grows around it. The king of Byblos has the tree cut down and made into a pillar for his palace, still with the chest inside. Isis must remove the chest from within the tree in order to retrieve her husband's body. Having taken the chest, she leaves the tree in Byblos, where it becomes an object of worship for the locals. This episode, which is not known from Egyptian sources, gives an etiological explanation for a cult of Isis and Osiris that existed in Byblos in Plutarch's time and possibly as early as the New Kingdom."
The Magic Of Paper
"The city's Canaanite/Phoenician name (GBL, i.e. Gubal, Gebal, etc.) can be derived from gb, meaning "well" or "origin", and El, the name of the supreme god of Byblos' pantheon...and ultimately the word "Bible" ("the (papyrus) book") hence the Holy Bible, derive from that name."
"Gubal was a Canaanite city during the Bronze Age, at which time it also appears as Gubla (𒁺𒆷) in the Amarna letters. Early Egyptian records going back to the time of Senefru called the city Kebny (𓎡𓃀𓈖𓈉).During the Iron Age the city is called Gebal in Phoenician (𐤂𐤁𐤋) and appears in the Hebrew Bible under the name Geval (Hebrew: גבל). It was much later referred to as Gibelet, during the Crusades. The city's Canaanite/Phoenician name (GBL, i.e. Gubal, Gebal, etc.) can be derived from gb, meaning "well" or "origin", and El, the name of the supreme god of Byblos' pantheon. The present-day city is known by the Arabic name Jbail or Jbeil (جبيل), a direct descendant of the Canaanite name. However, the Arabic name is most likely derived from the Phoenician word GBL [clarification needed] meaning "boundary", "district" or "mountain peak"; in the Ugaritic GBL can mean "mountain", similarly to Arabic jabal.
The Ancient Greek Βύβλος, whence we get our Byblos, was the interpretation of Gubla/Gebal. Papyrus received its early Greek name βύβλος (bublos) from its importation to the Aegean through this city. The Ancient Greek words βίβλος, diminutive βιβλίον (biblos, biblion), plural βίβλοι, diminutive βιβλία (bibli, biblia), and ultimately the word "Bible" ("the (papyrus) book") hence the Holy Bible, derive from that name."
The Phoenician city of Byblos was important for the export of papyrus from Egypt to Greece. The Greek word "biblio" may come from the city's name, or conversely, its name might come from a Greek mispronunciation of the Egyptian word "papyrus." Another theory is that "biblio" was the word for a codex, or early type of bound book: "the word Bible comes from the town where the Byzantine monks established their first scriptorium, Byblos, in modern Lebanon." "
"The English word "papyrus" derives, via Latin, from Greek πάπυρος (papyrus), a loanword of unknown (perhaps Pre-Greek) origin. Greek has a second word for it, βύβλος (byblos, said to derive from the name of the Phoenician city of Byblos). The Greek writer Theophrastus, who flourished during the 4th century BCE, uses papyros when referring to the plant used as a foodstuff and byblos for the same plant when used for nonfood products, such as cordage, basketry, or writing surfaces. The more specific term βίβλος biblos, which finds its way into English in such words as 'bibliography', 'bibliophile', and 'bible', refers to the inner bark of the papyrus plant. Papyrus is also the etymon of 'paper', a similar substance."