Podcast Episode 44
Episode 44: Dancing To The Music of The Spheres
Image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_cross • https://archive.org/stream/TheMasksOfGodVol.04CreativeMythologyCampbell_201703/The%20Masks%20of%20God%20-%20Vol.%2004%20-%20Creative%20Mythology%20-%20Campbell#page/n111/mode/2up
Highly Recommended Fakeologist audio chat:
From proverbial Eden to Revelatory Urbanization marked by the Beast™
Ur, the city of the Ziggurat
"Accordingly you won’t wonder any more that a very excellent order of sounds or pitches in a musical system or scale has been set up by men, since you see that they are doing nothing else in this business except to play the apes of God the Creator and to act out, as it were, a certain drama of the ordination of the celestial movements. (Harmonices Mundi, Book V)."
image source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harmonices_Mundi#Content
Gospel or ...
"gossip (n.) Old English godsibb "sponsor, godparent," from God + sibb "relative" (see sibling). Extended in Middle English to "a familiar acquaintance, a friend, neighbor" (c. 1300), especially to woman friends invited to attend a birth, later to "anyone engaging in familiar or idle talk" (1560s). Sense extended 1811 to "trifling talk, groundless rumor." Similar formations in Old Norse guðsifja, Old Saxon guþziff."
Cosimo de' Medici and King James VI and I
The Musical Model of The Universe
"Musica universalis (literally universal music), also called Music of the spheres or Harmony of the Spheres, is an ancient philosophical concept that regards proportions in the movements of celestial bodies—the Sun, Moon, and planets—as a form of musica (the Medieval Latin term for music). This "music" is not usually thought to be literally audible, but a harmonic, mathematical or religious concept. The idea continued to appeal to thinkers about music until the end of the Renaissance, influencing scholars of many kinds, including humanists. Further scientific exploration has determined specific proportions in some orbital motion, described as orbital resonance."
Music in the Middle Ages
"Whereas art tended to be almost exclusively within the realm of the Church, music had both secular and religious uses. Within church services, prayers were often chanted and throughout the Middle Ages were set to polyphonic music. The early medieval chants used a small tonal range and used only a single note at a time, but this evolved to more varied and complex compositions. In the early organization of the church, music was used to unify the different Christian practices throughout Europe. Before the 11th-century different regions in Europe practiced different traditions, and in an effort to standardize Catholicism the Gallican chant from Gaul and Roman chant were combined to form a new form of chant known as Gregorian chanting. Combing music, theatre, and religion, the Middle Ages saw the development of the liturgical drama. The complex productions of liturgical drama sought to convey scriptural stories but using instrumental music and singing to add drama and entertainment. Liturgical drama would also be more accessible to those parishioners who were illiterate or less-knowledgeable about the practices of the Church. Medieval music was used for secular purposes by Goliards, troubadours and trouveres. Goliards originated in the early Middle Ages and their compositions were in Latin. These itinerant musicians travelled throughout Europe. Troubadours were musician-poets who sang in Occitan, a language common in Southern Europe. Trouveres were very similar to the troubadours, though they used the Old French language in their compositions. Both the poetry and accompanying melodies of a number of troubadors and trouveres survive, and it can be seen that common themes in the lyrics are war, chivalry, and love."
The Seven Notes of The Musical Scale
"Harmonices Mundi (Latin: The Harmony of the World, 1619) is a book by Johannes Kepler. In the work Kepler discusses harmony and congruence in geometrical forms and physical phenomena. The final section of the work relates his discovery of the so-called "third law of planetary motion"."
Ephesus: The City of John
"The city was famed for the nearby Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BC), one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Among many other monumental buildings are the Library of Celsus, and a theatre capable of holding 25,000 spectators. Ephesus was one of the seven churches of Asia that are cited in the Book of Revelation.The Gospel of John may have been written here. The city was the site of several 5th century Christian Councils (see Council of Ephesus)."
"Roman Asia was associated with John, one of the chief apostles, and the Gospel of John might have been written in Ephesus, c 90–100. Ephesus was one of the seven cities addressed in the Book of Revelation, indicating that the church at Ephesus was strong."
"Asia c. 1300, from Latin Asia, from Greek Asia, speculated to be from Akkadian asu "to go out, to rise," in reference to the sun, thus "the land of the sunrise." Used by the early Greeks of what later was known as Asia Minor; by Pliny of the whole continent."
The allegory of 2001: Music Civilizes Human Beast
From geocentric based ideas to a heliocentric based Universe of fixed stars to the modern Big Banged and Blacked Holed ad hoc patchwork mess of a modern cosmology. Music matters. Music lies at the heart of cosmological reasoning.
Enter a "Aether Radio Age"
Air waves or ether waves? A whispering wind or an electrical current radiated outward?
Descending Musical Octaves: Old World Agri-Culture Order
"Empyrean, from the Medieval Latin empyreus, an adaptation of the Ancient Greek ἔμπυρος empyrus "in or on the fire (pyr)", properly Empyrean Heaven, is the place in the highest heaven, which in ancient cosmologies was supposed to be occupied by the element of fire (or aether in Aristotle's natural philosophy). The Empyrean was thus used as a name for the firmament, and in Christian literature, notably the Divine Comedy, for the dwelling-place of God, the blessed, celestial beings so divine they are made of pure light, and the source of light and creation. The word is used both as a noun and as an adjective, but empyreal is an alternate adjective form as well. Having the same Greek origin are the scientific words empyreuma and empyreumatic, applied to the characteristic smell of the burning or charring of vegetable or animal matter."
Central Fire Solar System Model
"An astronomical system positing that the Earth, Moon, Sun and planets revolve around an unseen "Central Fire" was developed in the 5th century BC and has been attributed to the Pythagorean philosopher Philolaus, a version based on Stobaeus account, who betrays a tendency to confound the dogmas of the early Ionian philosophers, and he occasionally mixes up Platonism with Pythagoreanism. Brewer (1894, page 2293) mentioned "Pythagoras thought that the sun is a dangerous sphere in the centre of the universe, and that all the planets revolve round it." The system has been called "the first coherent system in which celestial bodies move in circles", anticipating Copernicus in moving "the earth from the center of the cosmos [and] making it a planet". Although its concepts of a Central Fire distinct from the Sun, and a nonexistent "Counter-Earth" were erroneous, the system contained the insight that "the apparent motion of the heavenly bodies" was (in large part) due to "the real motion of the observer". How much of the system was intended to explain observed phenomena and how much was based on myth and religion is disputed."
The Ascending Musical Octave
"In religious or mythological cosmology, the seven heavens refer to the seven divisions of the Heaven, the abode of immortal beings, or the visible sky, the expanse containing the Sun, Moon and the stars. This concept dates back to ancient Mesopotamian religions and can be found in the Abrahamic religions such as Islam, Judaism and Christianity, a similar concept is also found in some Indian religions such as Hinduism. Some of these traditions, including Jainism, also have a concept of seven earths or seven underworlds. The cross-cultural focus on the number seven may correspond to the seven classical planets: the Moon, Mercury, Venus, the Sun, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn. These were the only objects in the sky visible to ancient astronomers (who had no telescopes) that move in predictable, repeated patterns (in contrast to comets) against the daily rotation of the fixed stars."
"As an indication of exactly how good the Ptolemaic model is, modern planetariums are built using gears and motors that essentially reproduce the Ptolemaic model for the appearance of the sky as viewed from a stationary Earth. In the planetarium projector, motors and gears provide uniform motion of the heavenly bodies. One motor moves the planet projector around in a big circle, which in this case is the deferent, and another gear or motor takes the place of the epicycle."
Mastering Mnemonic Meanings
"A mnemonic (/nəˈmɒnɪk/) the first "m" is silent) device, or memory device, is any learning technique that aids information retention or retrieval (remembering) in the human memory. Mnemonics make use of elaborative encoding, retrieval cues, and imagery as specific tools to encode any given information in a way that allows for efficient storage and retrieval. Mnemonics aid original information in becoming associated with something more accessible or meaningful—which, in turn, provides better retention of the information. Commonly encountered mnemonics are often used for lists and in auditory form, such as short poems, acronyms, or memorable phrases, but mnemonics can also be used for other types of information and in visual or kinesthetic forms. Their use is based on the observation that the human mind more easily remembers spatial, personal, surprising, physical, sexual, humorous, or otherwise "relatable" information, rather than more abstract or impersonal forms of information."
Cross Roads Most High
"A high cross or standing cross (Irish: cros ard / ardchros, Scottish Gaelic: crois àrd / àrd-chrois, Welsh: croes uchel / croes eglwysig) is a free-standing Christian cross made of stone and often richly decorated. There was a unique Early Medieval tradition in Ireland and Britain of raising large sculpted stone crosses, usually outdoors. These probably developed from earlier traditions using wood, perhaps with metalwork attachments, and earlier pagan Celtic memorial stones; the Pictish stones of Scotland may also have influenced the form. The earliest surviving examples seem to come from the territory of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Northumbria, which had been converted to Christianity by Irish missionaries; it remains unclear whether the form first developed in Ireland or Britain. Their relief decoration is a mixture of religious figures and sections of decoration such as knotwork, interlace and in Britain vine-scrolls, all in the styles also found in Insular art in other media such as illuminated manuscripts and metalwork. They were probably normally painted, perhaps over a modelled layer of plaster; with the loss of paint and the effects of weathering the reliefs, in particular scenes crowded with small figures, are often now rather indistinct and hard to read.:"
"Spaced Out" Music
"The celestial choir Kepler formed was made up of a tenor (Mars), two bass (Saturn and Jupiter), a soprano (Mercury), and two altos (Venus and Earth). Mercury, with its large elliptical orbit, was determined to be able to produce the greatest number of notes, while Venus was found to be capable of only a single note because its orbit is nearly a circle"
Solstices & Analemma's
The Sun stands still for something like 5 days twice a year. A seemingly real problem for any non Geocentric model.
U.S. Navy Observation Data Link: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/AltAz.php
THE MUSIC OF THE SPHERES: FROM GEO TO HELIO CENTRISM
Aphrodite is associated with the planet Venus.
From earth centered descending into the underworld, agricultural based seasonal mythology related to farming to outward projected Catholic Church choir music of the octave mnemonic solar system model.
"The phases of the planet Venus are the different variations of lighting seen on the planet's surface, similar to lunar phases. The first recorded observations of them were telescopic observations by Galileo Galilei in 1610. Although the extreme crescent phase of Venus has been observed with the naked eyes, there are no indisputable historical pre-telescopic records of it being observed."
"The first known observations of the full planetary phases of Venus were by Galileo at the end of 1610..."
"The first known observations of the full planetary phases of Venus were by Galileo at the end of 1610 (though not published until 1613 in the Letters on Sunspots). Using a telescope, Galileo was able to observe Venus going through a full set of phases, something prohibited by the Ptolemaic system. (The Ptolemaic system would never allow Venus to be fully lit from the perspective of the Earth, as this would require it to be on the far side of the sun, which is impossible if Venus's orbit in its entirety is between the Earth and the sun, as the Ptolemaic system requires). This observation essentially ruled out the Ptolemaic system, and was compatible only with the Copernican system and the Tychonic system and other geoheliocentric models such as the Capellan and Riccioli's extended Capellan model."
Did Galileo fib about seeing a fully illuminated planet Venus?
"Venus was on the far side of the Sun from the Earth (at superior conjunction) on August 16 of last year. Venus was then in full phase, and could we have telescopically observed it at that time from the Earth, it would have presented a small image. Once Venus moved away from the Sun’s glare could we glimpse the planet very low in the southwestern sky at sunset. That was back in early December. Each night Venus climbed a little higher in the sky after sunset. Only then could we train our telescopes on our neighbor as it rose above the atmospheric turbulence on the western horizon. Through a telescope, Venus no longer appeared full. The planet was catching up to us each and every day, so as time went on, Venus’ image looked a little bigger as it approached the Earth, even though the illuminated portion of the planet was decreasing due to the ever changing viewing angle."
Venus As The “Morning Star” And “Evening Star”
"Like Mercury, Venus is a so-called inferior planet, which means its orbit lies inside the orbit of Earth. That has implications for us Earthbound stargazers. For one, it means Venus and Mercury never stray far east or west of the Sun. Venus, for example, always lies within 47.8o of the Sun and either rises before the Sun in the east, when it is called the “morning star”, or sets after the Sun in the west, when it is called the “evening star”. As Earth and Venus make their way around the Sun, speedier Venus will sometimes pass between the Earth and Sun, a position known as inferior conjunction, when the planet is lost in the Sun’s glare. It then moves westward into the morning sky, rising higher each week until it reaches greatest western elongation. It then appears to move back towards the Sun and, when it passes behind the Sun, or nearly so, reaches superior conjunction. Once again, it’s lost in the Sun’s glare. Then it appears again in the evening sky, rising and moving eastward each week until it reaches greatest eastern elongation. It then moves back towards the Sun and repeats the whole process. It takes Venus 224.7 days to move around the Sun, but because of the motion of the Earth, it takes about 584 days for Venus to move through one complete cycle from one inferior conjunction to the next."
"The celestial spheres, or celestial orbs, were the fundamental entities of the cosmological models developed by Plato, Eudoxus, Aristotle, Ptolemy, Copernicus, and others. In these celestial models, the apparent motions of the fixed stars and planets are accounted for by treating them as embedded in rotating spheres made of an aetherial, transparent fifth element (quintessence), like jewels set in orbs. Since it was believed that the fixed stars did not change their positions relative to one another, it was argued that they must be on the surface of a single starry sphere."
"In modern thought, the orbits of the planets are viewed as the paths of those planets through mostly empty space. Ancient and medieval thinkers, however, considered the celestial orbs to be thick spheres of rarefied matter nested one within the other, each one in complete contact with the sphere above it and the sphere below. When scholars applied Ptolemy's epicycles, they presumed that each planetary sphere was exactly thick enough to accommodate them. By combining this nested sphere model with astronomical observations, scholars calculated what became generally accepted values at the time for the distances to the Sun (about 4 million miles), to the other planets, and to the edge of the universe (about 73 million miles). The nested sphere model's distances to the Sun and planets differ significantly from modern measurements of the distances, and the size of the universe is now known to be inconceivably large and continously expanding."
Aether used to be the personification of the upper sky.
A future podcast will explain why it is unwise to get lost in the 'aether maze'. Nothing everything is as it seems.
ASTRONOMY RESOURCE LINKS:
U.S. Naval Observatory Data: http://aa.usno.navy.mil/data/docs/AltAz.php