Podcast Episode 48
Please click here: Orbits Do Not Exist: Newton Wrong! — A Proper Gander At Propaganda for more.
"As discussed earlier in this lesson, a projectile is an object upon which the only force acting is gravity. Many projectiles not only undergo a vertical motion, but also undergo a horizontal motion. That is, as they move upward or downward they are also moving horizontally. There are the two components of the projectile's motion - horizontal and vertical motion. And since perpendicular components of motion are independent of each other, these two components of motion can (and must) be discussed separately. The goal of this part of the lesson is to discuss the horizontal and vertical components of a projectile's motion; specific attention will be given to the presence/absence of forces, accelerations, and velocity."
The 1945 Proposal by Arthur C. Clarke for Geostationary Satellite Communications link: http://lakdiva.org/clarke/1945ww/
Azimuth and altitude: http://www.astro.cornell.edu/academics/courses/astro201/alt_az.htm
"As an indication of exactly how good the Ptolemaic model is, modern planetariums are built using gears and motors that essentially reproduce the Ptolemaic model for the appearance of the sky as viewed from a stationary Earth. In the planetarium projector, motors and gears provide uniform motion of the heavenly bodies. One motor moves the planet projector around in a big circle, which in this case is the deferent, and another gear or motor takes the place of the epicycle."
Demonstrable Ballistic Physics Prove Newton Wrong - Orbits Do Not Exist
"The cannonball falls the same amount of distance as it did when it was merely dropped from rest (refer to diagram below). However, the presence of gravity does not affect the horizontal motion of the projectile. The force of gravity acts downward and is unable to alter the horizontal motion."
And vice versa of course. The forward (fixed velocity) motion of a projectile cannot effect the accelerated effect of the phenomena we term "gravity".
"Let's return to our thought experiment from earlier in this lesson. Consider a cannonball projected horizontally by a cannon from the top of a very high cliff. In the absence of gravity, the cannonball would continue its horizontal motion at a constant velocity. This is consistent with the law of inertia. And furthermore, if merely dropped from rest in the presence of gravity, the cannonball would accelerate downward, gaining speed at a rate of 9.8 m/s every second. This is consistent with our conception of free-falling objects accelerating at a rate known as the acceleration of gravity. If our thought experiment continues and we project the cannonball horizontally in the presence of gravity, then the cannonball would maintain the same horizontal motion as before - a constant horizontal velocity. Furthermore, the force of gravity will act upon the cannonball to cause the same vertical motion as before - a downward acceleration. The cannonball falls the same amount of distance as it did when it was merely dropped from rest (refer to diagram below). However, the presence of gravity does not affect the horizontal motion of the projectile. The force of gravity acts downward and is unable to alter the horizontal motion. There must be a horizontal force to cause a horizontal acceleration. (And we know that there is only a vertical force acting upon projectiles.) The vertical force acts perpendicular to the horizontal motion and will not affect it since perpendicular components of motion are independent of each other. Thus, the projectile travels with a constant horizontal velocity and a downward vertical acceleration."
See Pages 512 - 53 - Link: https://archive.org/stream/newtonspmathema00newtrich#page/n517/mode/2up
"The Inertia of Planets and Comets"
"The Birth of A New Physics" Supplement 12 Page 222
"Newton's statement that the motion of planets and of comets illustrates the principle of inertia may seem puzzling, since their motion is curved. Newton expected his readers to understand that such motion had two components: a linear inertial motion along the tangent to the curve,and a continual accelerated motion "of falling" toward the center (centripetal) that keeps the motion along the curve rather than flying off on a tangent. Since the motions of the planets and comets has continued for a very long time (undiminished by friction), and is likely to continue for a long time, the tangential component of their orbital motion provides the best example of inertial motion that continues on and on without sensible diminution. Terrestrial motions, such as those of projectiles, are not good examples because such motions are slowed down by air friction and do not last very long since all projectiles eventually fall down to the ground."
Unexamined Presumptions & Circular Reasoning Apologetics Are Not Real Science
The above statement shows the circular reasoning of the university indoctrinated and peer reviewed, Pavlovian conditioned mind. As we can see for ourselves, when we use all real world values, and we ignore the atmosphere and assume perfect (magical) vacuum, like Newton does, we can demonstrate that Newton's cannonball thought experiment can do nothing but prove his orbital musings wrong. What Newton does is explicitly ignore all demonstrable real world physics in favor of his heliocentric preference, which has no basis in the real world. What Newton does is pick and choose when real world physical principle applies and when it does not. The a priori assumption that Newton "proves" is that the rising and setting celestial lights are like falling apples. He proves this without any hypothesis and with illogical mathematics and we are told this is "science". As we can read for ourselves, there is no experiment to support the concept of orbits. All real world physical experiments demonstrate why orbits cannot exist.
"Newtonian principles of celestial mechanics guide our artificial satellites, our space shuttles, and every spacecraft we launch to explore the vast reaches of our solar system."
source: "The Birth of A New Physics" Chapter 7 "The Grand Design – A New Physics" Page 148