Podcast Episode 61

61.jpg

AA Morris Presents: The Proper Gander At Propaganda Podcast

Episode 61: Media Coverage of War

"The lesson here, surely, is not that the camera can, and often does, lie, but that it has lied ever since it was invented. “Reconstruction” of battle scenes was born with battlefield photography. Matthew Brady did it during the Civil War. And, even earlier, in 1858, during the aftermath of the Indian Mutiny, or  rebellion, or war of independence, the pioneer photographer Felice Beato created dramatized reconstructions, and notoriously scattered the skeletal remains of Indians in the foreground of his photograph of the Sikander Bagh in order to enhance the image."

source: https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-early-history-of-faking-war-on-film-133838317/



World War for Coke

"While I have blogged about it before, On this date, June 29th 1943, a military cable was sent from General Eisenhower's field headquarters in North Africa which requested 3 million filled bottles of Coca-Cola along with 10 bottling lines and sufficient syrup and caps for 6 million refills.  This launched our efforts to supply ever GI a Coca-Cola for a nickle.  By the end of the war, we have supplied over 5 billions bottles of Coke to GIs around the globe. One interesting note is the cable itself was classified as confidential and was not declassified until 1966."

source: https://www.coca-colacompany.com/stories/eisenhower-cable


"They do not need logic to build theIr case."

"Images of actuality, selective as they may be, appear to be spontaneous and to reveal what really happens. They do not need logic to build theIr case. Staging "photo opportunities" of "reality" with a voiceover gloss and perhaps a soundbite IS the new marketing tool for presidents, candidates, and wars. "...The images that result from these essentially theatrical events invoke cherished and powerful symbols..." and "play a central role in shaping public perceptions..." writes political reporter Charles Hagen. S Frederick Williams observes that "Spontaneity and immediacy deny time for reflection and evaluation. And if audIence response quickly becomes news, this could exaggerate the effects of superficial responses to important world events."

source: http://web.asc.upenn.edu/gerbner/Asset.aspx?assetID=2136


Fairbanks.jpg

Liberty Bound: War is A Racket

War Bonds Evolve Into Permanent Federal Taxes

Hollywood has always been the propaganda weapon of international banking interests. Governments essentially work for these same international banking managers. Human beings are considered to be a world-wide corporate human resource that needs to be shepherded and managed with heavy doses of pure propaganda. Hollywood is part of the Military Industrial Complex and always has been. War is a lot more fictional than most wish to admit. War is the result of Newsreel fictions sold as fact. War as we understand it is made of the same kind of fake News the rest of history is. War is more illusion than actual fact. What we understand of war is derived from News accounts; the same source of the rest of the propaganda we are collectively drowning in. Fake Newsreel Hollywood fictions evolve into the fake News of today.

"A Liberty bond (or liberty loan) was a war bond that was sold in the United States to support the allied cause in World War I. Subscribing to the bonds became a symbol of patriotic duty in the United States and introduced the idea of financial securities to many citizens for the first time. The Act of Congress which authorized the Liberty Bonds is still used today as the authority under which all U.S. Treasury bonds are issued."

"Securities, also known as Liberty Bonds, were issued in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks to finance the rebuilding of the areas affected."

"Famous artists helped to make posters and movie stars hosted bond rallies. Al Jolson, Elsie Janis, Mary Pickford, Douglas Fairbanks and Charlie Chaplin were among the celebrities that made public appearances promoting the idea that purchasing a liberty bond was "the patriotic thing to do" during the era."

"Newsreels are now considered significant historical documents..."

"A newsreel is a form of short documentary film prevalent between 1910s to 1960s, regularly released in a public presentation place and containing filmed news stories and items of topical interest. It was a source of news, current affairs, and entertainment for millions of moviegoers until television supplanted its role in the 1950s. Newsreels are now considered significant historical documents, since they are often the only audiovisual record of historical and cultural events of those times. Newsreels were typically exhibited as short subjects preceding the main feature film into the 1960s. There were dedicated newsreel theaters in many major cities in the 1930s and 1940s, and some large city cinemas also included a smaller theaterette where newsreels were screened continuously throughout the day."

image and quote source: Liberty bond - Wikipedia  •  Newsreel - Wikipedia  •  Charles Pathé - Wikipedia  •  Pathé Frères

Charles Pathé 

"Charles Pathé (French: [pate]; 26 December 1863 – 25 December 1957) was an important pioneer of the French film and recording industries. As the founder of Pathé Frères, its roots lie in 1896 Paris, France, when Pathé and his brothers, pioneered the development of the moving image. Pathé adopted the national emblem of France, the cockerel, as the trademark for his company. After the company, now called Compagnie Générale des Éstablissements Pathé Frères Phonographes & Cinématographes, invented the cinema newsreel with Pathé-Journal."

source: Charles Pathé - Wikipedia 

Pathé Frères

"Pathé or Pathé Frères (French pronunciation: [pate fʁɛʁ], styled as PATHÉ!) is the name of various French businesses that were founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France starting in 1896. In the early 1900s, Pathé became the world's largest film equipment and production company, as well as a major producer of phonograph records. In 1908, Pathé invented the newsreel that was shown in cinemas prior to a feature film. Today, Pathé is a major film production and distribution company, owning a number of cinema chains through its subsidiary Les Cinémas Gaumont Pathé and television networks across Europe. It is the second oldest operating film company in the world, predating Universal Studios and Paramount Pictures, and largest in Europe behind the French Gaumont Film Company studio."

source: Pathé Frères

"Pathé News was a producer of newsreels and documentaries from 1910 until 1970 in the United Kingdom. Its founder, Charles Pathé, was a pioneer of moving pictures in the silent era. The Pathé News archive is known today as British Pathé. Its collection of news film and movies is fully digitised and available online."

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pathé_News


HOLLYWOOD HEARTS WAR

After the onset of World War I, Hollywood begins turning out movies such as Intolerance and Civilization to help promote peace. However, after the U.S. gets involved in the war, stars such as Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, and Charlie Chaplin help the effort by selling war bonds. Propaganda films come into play.

"The Early History of Faking War on Film"

"Early filmmakers faced a dilemma: how to capture the drama of war without getting themselves killed in the process. Their solution: fake the footage"

"Georges Méliès, the pioneer filmmaker, shot faked footage of the war of 1897—including the earliest shots of what was claimed to be naval warfare, and some horrific scenes of atrocities in Crete. All were created in his studio or his back yard in Paris."

image and quote source: The Early History of Faking War on Film | History | Smithsonian 

"FIVE legendary Hollywood directors secretly faked combat footage in Second World War documentaries that have been considered genuine for almost 70 years... John Ford, John Huston, Frank Capra, William Wyler and George Stevens all enlisted despite their glittering Hollywood lifestyles..."

source: John Huston's Fake Documentaries Of World War II - KnowledgeNuts  •  How Oscar-winning directors faked WWII combat footage | New York ...  •  Legendary Directors Record Fake Combat ... - War History Online  •  The Best World War II Documentary Was Faked - New Republic  •  Lights, camera fiction: Second World War documentary footage a ...


Back To The Future Tokyo: The Secret of War Revealed As Hollywood Magic

Ronald Reagan and The First Motion Picture Unit Targets Your Mind

“The First Motion Picture Unit (FMPU), later 18th Army Air Forces Base Unit, was the primary film production unit of the US Army Air Forces (USAAF) during World War II and was the first military unit made up entirely of professionals from the film industry. It produced more than 400 propaganda and training films, which were notable for being informative as well as entertaining.”

 "Air Corps generals could not distinguish it from reality. Footage of fake bomb runs on the toy city were then used to brief bombing crews, who were taken by Reagnan’s voice over narrative all the way to his dramatic “Bombs away.”

"Back in Hollywood, First Lieutenant Ronald Reagan was taking part in what he refers to in his autobiography as one of the major "secrets of war, ranking up with the atom bomb project": creating a complete miniature of Tokyo, so authentic in detail that even top Air Corps generals could not distinguish it from reality. Footage of fake bomb runs on the toy city were then used to brief bombing crews, who were taken by Reagnan’s voice over narrative all the way to his dramatic “Bombs away.” As areas of Tokyo were burned out, Reagan tells how the Hollywood team would “burn out” their counterparts in “our target scene,” obliterating along with the city, the boundaries between illusion and reality.”

source: War Stars: The Superweapon and the American Imagination


"One of the war's best-kept secrets was a film called "Target Tokyo," which Reagan narrated."

"It simulated an actual air raid on Japan. Special-effects men were flown to Washington for briefings on every known landmark--cemeteries, rice paddies, factories, geisha joints. The first fire-bomb target simulated was Ota, where Nakajima was mass-producing the deadly new fighter plane, Ki-84. From match sticks, piano wire, plaster and cheesecloth, the FMPU's model makers replicated the entire route to Ota. Above the 90-by-90-foot scale model swung a camera crane with a clever synchronous interlock drive designed by Sgt. Don Klopfel. Cotton clouds were added for further realism. "

source: http://articles.latimes.com/1985-05-22/news/vw-16948_1_culver-city

Screen+Shot+2018-05-06+at+9.16.23+AM+copy.jpg

source: The Essential Ronald Reagan: A Profile in Courage, Justice, and Wisdom

"The special effects crew built a complete miniature of Tokyo that filled a sound stage. They erected a crane and camera mount above the model city and photographed it, creating on-screen effect of movies taken from an airplane flying at various heights and speeds. A group of generals were invited to the studio and shown movies of Tokyo taken by real airplanes flying over the city along with movies of the model of Tokyo. Challenged to identify which was which, they failed"

source: The Essential Ronald Reagan: A Profile in Courage, Justice, and Wisdom

source: The Essential Ronald Reagan: A Profile in Courage, Justice, and Wisdom

Compare:

Low resolution Persian Gulf era war imagery.

"General Norman Schwarzkopf referred to the driver of a vehicle in a famous news conference during Gulf War on January 30, 1991 as "The luckiest man in Iraq". He showed a video of a laser-guided bombdestroying a bridge just after the vehicle had driven over it."

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Media_coverage_of_the_Gulf_War#U.S._television_coverage_and_the_CNN_factor

see also: From Sawdust to Stardust: The Biography of DeForest Kelley, Star ...

"PERSIAN GULF WAR, THE MOVIE!"

By George Gerbner

"When Mao Zedong was asked what he thou~t was the meaning of the French revolution, he is reported to have said that It was too soon to tell.2 Official history, written from the point of view of rulers, is typically the story of the inevitable unfolding of the glorious present. As wntten by losers, history is tragedy crying for redemption. When roles change, or when long-hidden facts come to light, it takes time to sort things out. But there comes a time when the sorting-out process itself changes. Add heat to a pot of water and at one point it begins to boil. A confluence of controls, technologies and power reached that point in the war in the Persian Gulf."

"A scholar of media technology, Frederick Williams, compared the Gulf War to the first moon landing in 1969: "It was one feat to put two astronauts on the surface of the moon, but another, perhaps just as amazing, to broadcast live that first human step on the moon's surface." Technology-based immediacy, Williams concluded, was a preview of the shape of things to come."

"In 1991 the preview led to the main event."

source: Persian Gulf War movie - Annenberg School for Communication

The Shape of Things to Come - Wikipedia

WAR1.jpg
WAR.jpg

Curtis Emerson LeMay

"Curtis Emerson LeMay (November 15, 1906 – October 1, 1990) was a general in the United States Air Force and the vice presidential running mate of American Independent Party candidate George Wallace in the 1968 presidential election. LeMay is credited with designing and implementing an effective, but also controversial, systematic strategic bombing campaign in the Pacific theater of World War II. He served as Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force from 1961 to 1965."

"He became convinced that high-altitude precision bombing would be ineffective, given the usually cloudy weather over Japan. Furthermore, bombs dropped from the B-29s at high altitude (above 20,000 feet (6,100 m)) were often blown off of their trajectories by a consistently powerful jet stream over the Japanese home islands, which dramatically reduced the effectiveness of the high-altitude raids. Because Japanese air defenses made daytime bombing below jet stream-affected altitudes too perilous, LeMay finally switched to low-altitude nighttime incendiary attacks on Japanese targets, a tactic senior commanders had been advocating for some time.[9][10] Japanese cities were largely constructed of combustible materials such as wood and paper. Precision high-altitude daylight bombing was ordered to proceed only when weather permitted or when specific critical targets were not vulnerable to area bombing. General LeMay was informed by a senior staff member, Colonel William P. Fisher, that bomber pilots were turning back from these low altitude bombing runs due to heavy anti-aircraft fire from Japanese defense forces. Fisher suggested to LeMay that crews who achieved successful strike rates should be rewarded by being released from their deployment. LeMay implemented this unorthodox plan and the strike rate went up to eighty percent."

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curtis_LeMay#World_War_II

LOOKOUT MOUNTAIN AIR FORCE FILM STUDIOS:

"Lookout Mountain Air Force Station (LMAFS) is a former defense site which today is a private residence in the Laurel Canyon neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. The USAF military installation produced motion pictures and still photographs for the United States Department of Defense and the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) from 1947–1969. The 100,000 sq ft (9,300m) facility was built on 2.5 acres in 1941 as a World War II air defense center to coordinate Los Angeles area radar installations.[3] When the studio was established in 1947, its purpose was kept secret. The studio consisted of one large sound stage, a film laboratory, two screening rooms, four editing rooms, an animation and still photo department, sound mixing studio, and numerous climate controlled film vaults. Using the latest equipment, the studio could process both 35mm and 16mm color motion picture film as well as black and white and color still photographs. It was declared Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument number 1098 in 2015."

"In the fall of 1949, Lt. General Curtis LeMay decided that the production of motion pictures was not a proper function of the Strategic Air Command. Lookout Mountain Laboratory and all its staff were transferred to the Air Proving Groundunder the command of Lt. General William E. Kepner."

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lookout_Mountain_Air_Force_Station#1947–1960


"PERSIAN GULF WAR, THE MOVIE!"

By George Gerbner

"When Mao Zedong was asked what he thou~t was the meaning of the French revolution, he is reported to have said that It was too soon to tell.2 Official history, written from the point of view of rulers, is typically the story of the inevitable unfolding of the glorious present. As wntten by losers, history is tragedy crying for redemption. When roles change, or when long-hidden facts come to light, it takes time to sort things out. But there comes a time when the sorting-out process itself changes. Add heat to a pot of water and at one point it begins to boil. A confluence of controls, technologies and power reached that point in the war in the Persian Gulf."

"A scholar of media technology, Frederick Williams, compared the Gulf War to the first moon landing in 1969: "It was one feat to put two astronauts on the surface of the moon, but another, perhaps just as amazing, to broadcast live that first human step on the moon's surface." Technology-based immediacy, Williams concluded, was a preview of the shape of things to come."

"In 1991 the preview led to the main event."

source: Persian Gulf War movie - Annenberg School for Communication

The Shape of Things to Come - Wikipedia

 


LIVE ACTION OUTDOOR ROLE PLAYING THEATER WARNING!

Faking War Outside is Nothing New: Consider this a bit of apologetics and tip of proverb iceberg.

An infaltable tank is only going to fool real (armed) enemy troops for so long. One bullet and the whole illusion goes "pop"!

The public is the target of such stage craft illusions.

"The documentary tells the history of the secret U.S. Army unit of 1100 troops that was set up in 1944 and operated until 1945 in the final stages of World War II in the fight against German troops in various parts of Europe. They used a combination of different ways of visual, sonic and radio deception to convince the enemy of the presence of specific Army units that were in fact operating elsewhere. The unit included a large number of visual artists and designers who documented their experiences in paintings and sketches. The material employed in the 23rd Army Headquarters Special Troops' operations included decoys such as inflatable rubber tanks and jeeps as well as powerful loudspeaker trucks playing sound recordings of troop activity."

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Ghost_Army_(film)

Stanley Kubrick discusses Vietnam War fakery. "Not my work, created by a fan for free distribution. This is a customised audio file of a five-episode series of interviews from "A voix nue" (a programme from the France Culture radio station -- check their website and podcasts), taken from three interviews by Michel Ciment from 1975 to 1987.

see also: http://www.aamorris.net/properganderatpropaganda/2018/1/8/-outer-space-is-fake-how-to-create-the-zero-gravity-illusion

"News From Nowhere" by Edward Jay Epstein

“The public image of American journalism has always included a good proportion of myth. Well before the Second World War, Broadway and Hollywood had made the stereotype of the Intrepid Reporter—dogged in his pursuit of the truth, fearless in his determination to see it printed—nearly as familiar as the white hats that identified the good guys in a Western. The war made legends out of such foreign correspondents as Ernie Pyle and Margaret Bourke-White; in the cold-war years that followed, with their prolonged emphasis on foreign affairs, the image of the newspaper correspondent came to be fixed in a new stereotype, but one every bit as solid, and as favorable, as the old one of Hollywood. Television was at first merely an instrument of this myth, but in the mid-1950s it grew to be something more. With the development of national network news programs, the legend came to life."

The Selling of The Pentagon: Faking War Footage For Television

"Another commonly used device for generating film about an event to which television cameras are not privy is re-enacting the happening. This usually involves having participants act out for the cameras after the fact the part they played in a news event. In this practice, however, the line between what constitutes "staged" news as opposed to a legitimate reconstruction is not always clear. For example, in its documentary on "The Selling of the Pentagon," CBS criticized the Department of Defense for staging the landings of South Vietnamese river patrols for conveniently placed cameramen (since it was known there were no enemy troops in the vicinity)."

"Yet a former Saigon bureau chief pointed out that "it is considered standard operating procedures for troops to fire their weapons for the benefit of cameramen. If our cameramen had to wait until a fire fight with the Vietcong broke out , we'd have much less footage - and perhaps, cameramen."

quote source: page 158, "News From Nowhere" by Edward Jay Epstein

source: News from Nowhere, by Edward Jay Epstein | commentary

The Emperor's New Clothes - Wikipedia


DISNEY AND THE NSA – OUR TAX DOLLARS AT WORK:

"Haseltine worked for a decade at Walt Disney Imagineering, the company's design and development group. As such, he would seem an unlikely choice for his new government mission. But the worlds of the NSA and Walt Disney Imagineering aren't so dissimilar. Both organizations include a diverse group of top-level scientists and share a penchant for security and secrecy (Disney won't say how many scientists it employees). There's a certain institutional quality to the unmarked, drab buildings that make up the sprawling Walt Disney Imagineering complex in Glendale, Calif. Beyond developing innovative ride systems for theme parks, Disney's research and development team also has expertise in areas with military applications, including virtual-reality technology and information systems. Disney scientists are at the forefront of interactive TV and developing systems for protecting the company against Internet piracy. Haseltine, 50, who holds a doctorate in physiological psychology, also is no stranger to the defense world. He spent 13 years at Hughes Aircraft Co., where he also managed R&D projects and was known as a leading expert on flight simulation. He joined Disney in 1992. His new job will not be built around family fun. His role will be to lead a research and technology team for the spy agency, a division of the Department of Defense that employs 30,000. Neither NSA nor Haseltine will detail his exact responsibilities."

"I'm taking the job because I want to contribute my skills to helping the country," said Haseltine. "I'm particularly motivated because of what happened on September 11. Under ordinary circumstances, I would never have dreamed of leaving Disney, but these aren't ordinary circumstances."

source: http://articles.orlandosentinel.com/2002-07-17/news/0207170165_1_walt-disney-eric-haseltine-disney-imagineering

Eric Haseltine

"Haseltine received a bachelor of arts degree in economics and psychology from the University of California, Berkeley, and a Ph.D. in physiological psychology from Indiana University. He also has a certificate in Executive Management from UCLA's Anderson School of Management. He accomplished post-doctoral work in brain research at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.

Career

Haseltine spent 13 years at Hughes Aircraft, where he rose to the position of Director of Engineering. He then left for Walt Disney Imagineering in 1992, where he joined the research and development group, working on large-scale virtual-reality projects. In 1998 he was promoted to senior vice president responsible for all technology projects.[1] In 2000, he was made Executive Vice President. Haseltine was head of research and development for all of Walt Disney Imagineering [2]by the time he left in 2002 to join the National Security Agency as Director of Research. From 2005 to 2007, Haseltine was Associate Director for Science and Technology, Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI)—that organization's first—a position he described in a 2006 US News and World Reportinterview, as follows, "You can think of me as the CTO [chief technology officer] of the intelligence community".

"Haseltine is currently president, and managing partner of Haseltine Partners, LLC. He also serves on the advisory board of TTI/Vanguard."

Personal Life

Haseltine is currently engaged to be married to Chris Gilbert MD PhD. More information about Dr. Chris can be found at www.theoneminutedoctor.com.

His three distinguished siblings include William A. Haseltine, founder of the biotechnology firm Human Genome Sciences.

Patents/Publications

Haseltine's forthcoming book, Brain Candy: The Mind is Like a Box of Chocolates, will be published Fall 2016 by Oak Mill Press.

"Eric has 15 patents in optics, special effects and electronic media, and more than 100 publications in science and technical journals, the web, and Discover Magazine." [3]

Long Fuse, Big Bang: Achieving Long-Term Success Through Daily Victories. Hyperion, NY, 2010. ISBN 978-1-4013-2363-9

Articles

Eric Haseltine is a writer with numerous articles in Psychology Today.

1. What Sex Teaches Us About Leadership

2. Do Some Thoughts and Feelings Live Outside our Brain?

3. How to Find a Husband if You Only Have 60 Seconds

4. Sex and Leadership for Women

5. The Neuroscience of Intimacy

6. You Aren't Who You Think You Are

7. Yes, You Have a Sixth Sense, and You Should Trust It

8. Why It's Vital to Empty Your Head Every Night

Awards

National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal

Manager of the Year Award, from the Society for Psychologists in Management

Hughes Patent Award"

source: Eric Haseltine - Wikipedia