Podcast Episode 64

Podcast Episode 64.jpg

image source: File: Khalid Shaikh Mohammed after capture.jpg - Wikimedia Commons  •  Surfing - Wikipedia

(Please excuse any typographical errors you may encounter. Auto spell correct is an evil little gremlin. Thanks, AA Morris)

Podcast Episode 64: Terrorist Water Sports

"Our image of ourself and our universe has become fragmented and we have lost the guiding "sense of the whole" that earlier civilizations seem to have had. At present our society goes from crisis to crisis, with piecemeal responses being made to ameliorate each, and with the measures taken to relieve one crisis invariably making another problem worse, so interwoven is our social system."

source: https://archive.org/stream/ChangingImagesOfMan/ChangingImagesOfMan-OCR_djvu.txt

"BBC reporter John Simpson watched a cruise missile in Baghdad fly down the street and turn left at the traffic lights."

"Cruise missiles are guided via a series of pre-programmed waypoints – hence the occasion when BBC reporter John Simpson watched a
cruise missile in Baghdad fly down the street and turn left at the traffic lights." The waypoints can be specified in time and space, so a several missiles launches seconds apart could be programmed to bunch up with very small separation. But it’s hard to see the advantage of doing this, compared to the very real risk of a collision that could cost you at least two missiles, if not the entire formation."

source: Mystery Cruise Missile Video | WIRED


SHOW NOTES: 

"Now, we can see a new world coming into view. ..... A pivotal point came with Bush's September 11, 1990 "Toward a New World Order" speech ..."

source: New world order (politics) - Wikipedia  •  9-11 speeches George Bush Sr. New World Order nwo illuminati ...

"The Pentagon is the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense, located in ... Ground was broken for construction on September 11, 1941, and the building was dedicated on January 15, 1943. General Brehon Somervell ..."

source: The Pentagon - Wikipedia

Waterboarding - Wikipedia

Gitmo (disambiguation) - Wikipedia

Khalid Sheikh Mohammed - Wikipedia  •  Dick Cheney - Wikipedia

Guantanamo Bay detention camp - Wikipedia  •  Guantanamo Bay Naval Base  •  Camp X-Ray

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghost_Army  •  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newsreel

Lookout Mountain Air Force Station - Wikipedia

http://articles.latimes.com/1985-05-22/news/vw-16948_1_culver-city

From Sawdust to Stardust: The Biography of DeForest Kelley, Star ...

The Essential Ronald Reagan: A Profile in Courage, Justice, and Wisdom

Wargaming - Wikipedia  •  Miniature wargaming  •  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Network-centric_warfare

The newsreel is the original medium for military grade, tax funded, psychological operations and propaganda based social engineering projects, evolve into ubiquitous television news on screens.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychological_warfare 

"The term psychological warfare is believed to have migrated from Germany to the United States in 1941. During World War II, the United States Joint Chiefs of Staffdefined psychological warfare broadly, stating "Psychological warfare employs anyweapon to influence the mind of the enemy. The weapons are psychological only in the effect they produce and not because of the weapons themselves." The U.S. Department of Defense currently defines psychological warfare as: "The planned use of propaganda and other psychological actions having the primary purpose of influencing the opinions, emotions, attitudes, and behavior of hostile foreign groups in such a way as to support the achievement of national objectives." "

source:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychological_warfare#United_States

"The Group was established immediately after the 1991 Gulf War,"

"The British were one of the first major military powers to use psychological warfare in the First and Second World Wars. In current the British Armed Forces, PSYOPS are handled by the tri-service 15 Psychological Operations Group. (See also MI5and Secret Intelligence Service). The Psychological Operations Group comprises over 150 personnel, approximately 75 from the regular Armed Services and 75 from the Reserves. The Group supports deployed commanders in the provision of psychological operations in operational and tactical environments." 

"The Group was established immediately after the 1991 Gulf War, has since grown significantly in size to meet operational requirements,[40] and from 2015 it will be one of the sub-units of the 77th Brigade, formerly called the Security Assistance Group.[41] Stephen Jolly, the MOD's Director of Defence Communications and former Chair of the UK's National Security Communications Committee (2013–15), is thought to be the most senior serving psyops officer within British Defence. In June 2015, NSA files published by Glenn Greenwald revealed details of the JTRIG group at British intelligence agency GCHQcovertly manipulating online communities.[42] This is in line with JTRIG's goal: to "destroy, deny, degrade [and] disrupt" enemies by "discrediting" them, planting misinformation and shutting down their communications."

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychological_warfare#United_Kingdom


War is an international banking scam.

War is more like theater than most realize.

"Kuwait is widely considered the "Hollywood of the Gulf" due to the popularity of its soap operas and theatre."

"The Iraqi occupation of Kuwait came to an end in 1991 after military intervention by a military coalition led by the United States, the United Kingdom, France and Saudi Arabia. At the end of the war, there were extensive efforts to revive the economy and rebuild national infrastructure. Islam is the official religion of Kuwait.[10] It is a constitutional state with a semi-democratic political system. It has a high income economy backed by the world's sixth largest oil reserves. The Kuwaiti dinar is the highest valued currency in the world.[11] According to the World Bank, the country has the fourth highest per capita income in the world. The Constitution was promulgated in 1962.[12][13][14] Kuwait is home to the largest opera house in the Middle East. The Kuwait National Cultural District is a member of the Global Cultural Districts Network.[15] Kuwait is widely considered the "Hollywood of the Gulf" due to the popularity of its soap operas and theatre."

source: Kuwait - Wikipedia

"Effect on developing countries"

"Apart from the impact on Arab States of the Persian Gulf, the resulting economic disruptions after the crisis affected many states. The Overseas Development Institute (ODI) undertook a study in 1991 to assess the effects on developing states and the international community's response. A briefing paper finalized on the day that the conflict ended draws on their findings which had two main conclusions: Many developing states were severely affected and while there has been a considerable response to the crisis, the distribution of assistance was highly selective. The ODI factored in elements of "cost" which included oil imports, remittance flows, re-settlement costs, loss of export earnings and tourism. For Egypt, the cost totaled $1 billion, 3% of GDP. Yemen had a cost of $830 million, 10% of GDP, while it cost Jordan $1.8 billion, 32% of GDP."

"International response to the crisis on developing states came with the channeling of aid through The Gulf Crisis Financial Co-ordination Group. They were 24 states, comprising most of the OECD countries plus some Gulf states: Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Kuwait. The members of this group agreed to disperse $14 billion in development assistance. The World Bank responded by speeding up the disbursement of existing project and adjustment loans. The International Monetary Fund adopted two lending facilities – the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facility (ESAF) and the Compensatory & Contingency Financing Facility (CCFF). The European Community offered $2 billion[clarification needed] in assistance."

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War#Effect_on_developing_countries

Media Coverage of The First Persian Gulf War: Blueprint for Television News Today

"The war was heavily televised. For the first time, people all over the world were able to watch live pictures of missiles hitting their targets and fighters departing from aircraft carriers. Allied forces were keen to demonstrate their weapons' accuracy. In the United States, the "big three" network anchors led the war's network news coverage: ABC's Peter Jennings, CBS's Dan Rather, and NBC's Tom Brokawwere anchoring their evening newscasts when air strikes began on 16 January 1991. ABC News correspondent Gary Shepard, reporting live from Baghdad, told Jennings of the city's quietness. But, moments later, Shepard was back on the air as flashes of light were seen on the horizon and tracer fire was heard on the ground. On CBS, viewers were watching a report from correspondent Allen Pizzey, who was also reporting from Baghdad, when the war began. Rather, after the report was finished, announced that there were unconfirmed reports of flashes in Baghdad and heavy air traffic at bases in Saudi Arabia. On the NBC Nightly News, correspondent Mike Boettcher reported unusual air activity in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. Moments later, Brokaw announced to his viewers that the air attack had begun."

"Still, it was CNN whose coverage gained the most popularity and indeed its wartime coverage is often cited as one of the landmark events in the network's history, ultimately leading to the establishment of CNN International. CNN correspondents John Holliman and Peter Arnett and CNN anchor Bernard Shaw relayed audio reports from Baghdad's Al-Rashid Hotel as the air strikes began. The network had previously convinced the Iraqi government to allow installation of a permanent audio circuit in their makeshift bureau. When the telephones of all of the other Western TV correspondents went dead during the bombing, CNN was the only service able to provide live reporting. After the initial bombing, Arnett remained behind and was, for a time, the only American TV correspondent reporting from Iraq. In the United Kingdom, the BBC devoted the FM portion of its national speech radio station BBC Radio 4 to an 18-hour rolling news format creating Radio 4 News FM. The station was short lived, ending shortly after President Bush declared the ceasefire and Kuwait's liberation. However, it paved the way for the later introduction of Radio Five Live."

"Two BBC journalists, John Simpson and Bob Simpson (no relation), defied their editors and remained in Baghdad to report on the war's progress. They were responsible for a report which included an "infamous cruise missile that travelled down a street and turned left at a traffic light.

"Two BBC journalists, John Simpson and Bob Simpson (no relation), defied their editors and remained in Baghdad to report on the war's progress. They were responsible for a report which included an "infamous cruise missile that travelled down a street and turned left at a traffic light."  "Newspapers all over the world also covered the war and Time magazine published a special issue dated 28 January 1991, the headline "War in the Gulf" emblazoned on the cover over a picture of Baghdad taken as the war began. US policy regarding media freedom was much more restrictive than in the Vietnam War. The policy had been spelled out in a Pentagon document entitled Annex Foxtrot. Most of the press information came from briefings organized by the military. Only selected journalists were allowed to visit the front lines or conduct interviews with soldiers. Those visits were always conducted in the presence of officers, and were subject to both prior approval by the military and censorship afterward. This was ostensibly to protect sensitive information from being revealed to Iraq. This policy was heavily influenced by the military's experience with the Vietnam War, in which public opposition within the US grew throughout the war's course. It was not only the limitation of information in the Middle East; media were also restricting what was shown about the war with more graphic depictions like Ken Jarecke's image of a burnt Iraqi soldier being pulled from the American AP wire whereas in Europe it was given extensive coverage."

"At the same time, the war's coverage was new in its instantaneousness. About halfway through the war, Iraq's government decided to allow live satellite transmissions from the country by Western news organizations, and US journalists returned en masse to Baghdad. NBC's Tom Aspell, ABC's Bill Blakemore, and CBS News' Betsy Aaron filed reports, subject to acknowledged Iraqi censorship. Throughout the war, footage of incoming missiles was broadcast almost immediately. A British crew from CBS News, David Green and Andy Thompson, equipped with satellite transmission equipment, traveled with the front line forces and, having transmitted live TV pictures of the fighting en route, arrived the day before the forces in Kuwait City, broadcasting live television from the city and covering the entrance of the Arab forces the next day."

"Alternative media outlets provided views in opposition to the war. Deep Dish Television compiled segments from independent producers in the US and abroad, and produced a 10-hour series that was distributed internationally, called The Gulf Crisis TV Project.[237] The series' first program War, Oil and Power[238] was compiled and released in 1990, before the war broke out. News World Order[239] was the title of another program in the series; it focused on the media's complicity in promoting the war, as well as Americans' reactions to the media coverage. In San Francisco, as a local example, Paper Tiger Television West produced a weekly cable television show with highlights of mass demonstrations, artists' actions, lectures, and protests against mainstream media coverage at newspaper offices and television stations. Local media outlets in cities across the country screened similar oppositional media. The organization Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting (FAIR) critically analyzed media coverage during the war in various articles and books, such as the 1991 Gulf War Coverage: The Worst Censorship was at Home.[240]"

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War#Media_coverage  •  Media coverage of the Gulf War


IT'S ALL ABOUT USING WAR TO GET THE MASS PUBLIC TO SUPPORT ENDLESS TAX BURDENSOME GOVERNMENTAL GROWTH ON INTERNATIONAL SCALE

THE INTERNATIONAL BANKING ENTERPRISE ALWATS WINS • THIS IS WHO PAYS TO HAVE HISTORY WRITTEN AS IT WERE...


"The British ran a massive and illegal propaganda operation on American soil during World War II—and the White House helped. ... Thanks to the British sympathies of Nelson Rockefeller and his family, Stephenson opened an office in Rockefeller Center in Midtown Manhattan, on the 36th floor of the ...":

"British Security Co-ordination (BSC) was a covert organisation set up in New York City by the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) in May 1940 upon the authorisation of Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Its purpose was to investigate enemy activities, prevent sabotage against British interests in the Americas, and mobilise pro-British opinion in the Americas. As a 'huge secret agency of nationwide news manipulation and black propaganda', the BSC influenced news coverage in the Herald Tribune, the New York Post, The Baltimore Sun, and Radio New York Worldwide.[1] The stories disseminated from Rockefeller Center would then be legitimately picked up by other radio stations and newspapers, before being relayed to the American public.[1] Through this, anti-German stories were placed in major American media outlets to turn public opinion."

sources: The Real 007 Used Fake News to Get the U.S. into World War II  •  British Security Co-ordination - Wikipedia

Psychological Operations (United States)

Governmental and News and general entertainment media promoted victim mentality paves the way for more tax burdensome government.

"Growin~ up in a violence-laden cultural environment cultivates aggressiveness In some and desensitization, insecurity, mistrust, and anger in most people.  These are highly exploitable sentiments. They set up a scenario of violence and victimization in which some take on the role of vlOlents but most the role, and psychology, of victims. They demand protection and condone, if not welcome, violent solutions to domestIc and world problems."

"It's beginning to seem," wrote Barbara Ehrenreich in a year-end essay, "as if anger is our national emotion. You can feel it crackling along our highways...!t smolders in our cities, where rich and poor, often meaning white and black, face off across a gulf...It shines, all too often, from the faces of our politicians and their handlers...The [Gulf] war was...the perfect outlet for a diffuse sense of grievance."S7 The scenario contributes to the appeal of punitive and vindictive action against dark forces in a mean world, especially when presented as quick and decisive and enhancing a sense of control and security.

The Cold War is over and the cultural props for imperial policy are shifting from their anti-communist rationalizations to sharp and selective offensives against real and concocted terrorists, narco-terrorists, petro-terrorists, unauthorized aggressors and other unfriendly (as opposed to friendly) demons of the Third World. The cult of violence is the ritual demonstration and celebration of brute power, and its projection into sex, family, job, politics and war.

A n overkill of violent imagery helps to instill the military attitude toward killing and to mobilize support for taking charge of the unruly at home and abroad. It prepares us for America's role in the New World Order. No longer in the economic or social front lines, a u.S. military protectorate, preferably under the aegis of the United Nations, can still dominate (or at least exercise the power of veto over) the newly emerging coalitions of transnational conglomerates that will be the real, if not formal, constituents of the new order

Bombarding viewers by violent images of a mean and dangerous world, without illuminatin~ the real costs of violence and war, is, in the last analysis, an instrument of intinndation and terror. It was indispensable to the triumph of instant historyinthePersianGulf. Itisapreviewoftheshapeofthingstocomeina unipolar world with no effective democratic opposition or geopolitical counter- force. 

"Global immediacy gave us instant history. It is simultaneous, global, mass, living, telling, showing and reacting in brief and intensive bursts. Image-driven and violence-laden, compelling as it is contrived, instant history robs us of reflection time, political space, and access to alternatives. The horror of a holocaust can now be managed with glorious efficiency. "

"Within weeks of the victory, Time Warner completed, in record time, the collection and compression of imagery that would fill 500 floppy disks into a single CD-Rom history of Desert Storm, and its speedy distribution to stores and school libraries. (The job ordinarily takes several months.) CNN: War in the Gulf, advertised as "authoritative chronicle of the world's first 'real-time televiSIOn war,'"

was published soon thereafter. Pentagon-aided victory parades, an ABC-TV docudrama "Heroes of Desert Storm" (with a 30-second introduction by President Bush), and the first deployment of Gulf war imagery in an election campaign64 rounded out the triumphant quick-freeze stage of instant history.65

In a fitting and perceptive tnbute, Time magazine named CNN owner Ted Turner its Man of the Year "For influencing the dynamic of events and turning viewers in 150 countries into instant witnesses of history." (Time Warner is also one-fifth owner of the Turner Broadcasting System.)

The National Reli~ous Broadcaster's Association (NRBA), dominated by the big electronic evangelists, blessed the event (unlike the National Council of Churches, the World Association of Christian Communicators, and many other religious leaders). Speaking to the NRBA convention immediately after the war, President Bush declared it "a just war...for good versus evil...right versus wrong, dignity versus oppression." He cried as he told the Southern Baptist Convention about praying as he ordered the ground attack. A year later he thanked the the NRBA for supporting the war "as Christ ordained to be a light unto the world." (About the same time the World Association of Christian Communicators declared the Gulf War story "a prime example of the neglect of media ethics."66)

A review of the year in Modem Maturity, the largest-circulation magazine in America, was titled (appropriately to the promised "gentler, kinder nation") ''The Gentle Giant." Sent to 32 million "mature" readers, the review summarized the war as "A Stunning Success in the Gulf," and concluded:

The Bush Administration's conduct of the crisis had been in the purest American spirit of respect for international law, winning the widest internationalsupportforjointactionandtheuseofminimumforce. Itwasa model of successful modem diplomacy.67 "

 

"The triumph of orchestrated imagery over reality and reason can be gauged from the differences between responses of liJdlt and heavy television viewers of otherwise comparable groups. The Morgan, Lewis and Jholly survey shows that less than half (47 percent) of light viewers, compared to three-quarters (76 percent) of heavy viewers, "strongly supported" President Bush's decision to use military force against Iraq. Pan's study found that "Among all four media measures, only exposure to television seemed to have robust relations with the dependents variables. Heavy TV news viewers were more satisfied with media war coverage, appraised the quality of war coverage more highly, and were less likely to criticIZe the media... They were also more willing to accept the practice of stringent military controls over media access to information." "

source: http://web.asc.upenn.edu/gerbner/Asset.aspx?assetID=2136

"Dick Cheney Suggests Restarting Torture Interrogation Program"

source: https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/dick-cheney-supports-torture-interrogation_us_5af481bde4b0e57cd9f7629e

Newsreels evolve into televises news.

Cheney still parroting the same old scripted politically polarized song. Cheney plays his role. The mass public is supposed to associate with victim mentality and support violent responses. At the same time - the polarize puppet show allows for people like Cheney to be both (evil) scapegoat and (good) leader, depending on falsely polarized demographic.

“Former Vice President Dick Cheney on the confirmation hearing for CIA Director nominee Gina Haspel and why he supports enhanced interrogation.”


Washington DC = Dick Cheney

Dick Cheney was Secretary of Defense for the U.S. government during the first Persian Gulf war, back in 1990 - 1991. He of course served a Vice President for two full terms during the first eight years of the 21st century.


"Military Intelligence - The Satellite Era"

"When asked about intelligence gathering in the United States, people usually think of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). Those more knowledgeable about activities in this area might name also the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), the National Security Agency (NSA) and the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO). In fact, there is a wide array of entities, including many government agencies, that together make up what is termed the "intelligence community." In 1961, the United States first orbited its Satellite and Missile Observation System, a photographic-reconnaissance satellite apparently designed for the express purpose of locating and monitering Soviet intercontinental ballistic missile sites. Since then, the United States and other nations have launched photoreconnaissance satellites on a regular basis. Other reconnaissance satellites include "ferrets", which eavesdrop on electronic signals undetectable from ground stations, and satellites that identify missile launches through infrared sensing."

source: Military Intelligence - The Satellite Era - United States History


SMDC History: 25 years since first 'Space War'

By Sharon Watkins Lang, USASMDC/ARSTRAT Historical OfficeJanuary 20, 2016

"On Jan. 17, 1991, Operation Desert Shield transitioned to Operation Desert Storm. With the start of ground operations on Feb. 24, a new era for the military began as space and space technology first played an integral role in a military conflict."

Often described as the first space war, Desert Storm saw space technology affect multiple areas of airland operations -- position/navigation, weather, communications, imagery and tactical early missile attack warning. Although fairly new, the U.S. Army Space Command, or ARSPACE, was instrumental in affecting this change. Crossing all lines was the support provided by the Defense Satellite Communications System Operations Centers, or DSCSOC, the AN/MSQ-114 detachments, and the Regional Space Support Centers, or RSSCs, a mission assumed by ARSPACE on Oct. 1, 1990. The DSCSOC manage the joint tactical use of the Defense System Communications Satellites while the RSSCs provide payload and network planning for ground mobile forces in support of the unified and specified commanders. With satellites realigned to better serve the region, these Soldiers ensured that communications channels were available not only between the president, the Pentagon and the leadership in Saudi Arabia, but also between the brigades, divisions and corps in theater."

"Personnel in the field received almost dedicated 24-hour service from the satellite system provided by ground terminals affixed to flat-bed trucks. Initially equipped with seven ground-mobile force terminals, the network grew to include at its peak 128 terminals in the field. Thus expanding satellite communications from the realm of the higher headquarters to include the smaller tactical units deployed throughout the region. The DSCS would carry approximately 50 percent of all the communications theater. In recognition of their efforts during Desert Storm, the MSQ-114 Detachment located at Fort Detrick received the Army Superior Unit Award in January 1992. As preparations began, officials lamented the availability of accurate maps of the region to plan effectively any operations. Multi-Spectral Imaging, or MSI, became an excellent tool for tactical planning. LANDSAT and the French SPOT imaging satellites were employed to create updated area maps, which were more accurate, provided broader coverage and allowed planners to initiate their efforts with "the best product available" even before they deployed. In MSI, analysts superimposed satellite images, accurate from 10-30 meters or 1:25,000 scale, over the grid coordinates. The high resolution data allowed for planning of route and target identification; terrain analysis, such as water sources, soil type, trafficability; and sensor fusion. With additional equipment deployed to the topographical units, updated maps were printed in theater as frequently as situations warranted -- obstacles, revised plans, etc. As one Army Space Institute report noted, "two thirds of the intelligence preparation of the battlefield can now be combined using as current information as the last satellite pass allows one month old LANDSAT imagery combed with weather satellite passes is providing a quantum leap in the ability of the commander to see his battlefield."
"In addition to the MSI, the Army Space Demonstration Program brought a new commercial weather receiver capability to the troops in Saudi Arabia. One hundred WRAASE weather receivers were fielded in 1990 to all staff weather offices from corps to brigade. These small receivers brought high-resolution satellite weather imagery to the tactical units using data from all satellites, regardless of origin, covering the Persian Gulf area. These receivers equipped with tracking antenna, which could also monitor sand storms, allowed users to employ latitude-longitude gridding, temperature evaluations, digital imagery file storage, color imagery enhancements and annotations. In an introductory attempt to bring missile defense warning to the tactical commander, the Tactical Event Reporting System, or TERS, modified the Defense Support Program satellite system, a strategic asset developed in the 1970s and equipped with infrared sensors, to detect SCUD missile launches and estimate trajectories and impact areas."

"The goal was to provide real-time, world-wide detection to tactical commanders. However, the TERS which was originally developed to detect and track Soviet long-range missile launches, was not easily adapted to short-range, low-flying and less bright infrared signatures. While the system could not provide specific vectors for Patriot air defense batteries, it was able to provide some warning to allied forces of impending missile impact."

"However, alerts were sent to U.S. Space Command in Colorado first and then re-routed to the desert -- a delay which affected response times. The use of tactical ballistic missiles in the Persian Gulf and the need to eliminate deficiencies in the theater missile defense arena were recognized and immediately addressed by the Army Space community. The product was the Joint Tactical Ground Stations which has provided in-theater early-warning support since 1997. Described by a former ARSPACE commander as perhaps "our single most significant contribution to Desert Storm", the small lightweight global positioning system receivers or SLGRs (pronounced sluggers) are the final piece for this review. Distributed in the thousands, these small, four-pound, hand-held receivers, which could fit in the side pocket of the BDUs, easily brought space technology to the individual Soldier. Supported by a constellation of fifteen satellites, the SLGR permitted an ease of movement despite the region's barren terrain and few landmarks. The SLGR navigation technology enabled the wide left sweep or "Hail Mary" plan which sped across the open desert avoiding Iraqi fixed defense and quickly drove forward deep into Iraq to attack and destroy the strategic reserve."

"In addition to coordinating troop movements, the SLGRS were soon adapted to other purposes to include logistics resupply, field artillery emplacements, aviation navigation and later marking Iraqi minefields. "The SLGR is working wonders and is the most popular piece of equipment in the desert," said General Binford Peay III, 101st Airborne Division commanding general in early 1991. "We use it for everything and it is used by everybody. Navigation is the singularly most difficult thing in the desert and the terrain features do not facilitate orientation. The entire area of operations is one big enemy avenue of approach and without the SLGR, firepower would be hampered and under-utilized." With such resounding successes as the GPS, described as "the biggest combat multiplier on the battlefield", the ARSPACE Demonstration Program was a success. Since these initial steps which introduced the possibilities of space applications, the role of space and its significance has only grown. Without realizing it, we have all become more dependent upon space technology. In fact, today space is so much a part of everyday life, for Soldier and civilian alike, that it is essentially transparent."

source: SMDC History: 25 years since first 'Space War' | Article | The United ...



"The Sigma war games were a series of classified high level war gamesplayed in the Pentagon ... It was designed, run, and umpired by the RAND Corporation. ..."

source: Sigma war games - Wikipedia


One of the First Computer-Generated Films, from 1963 - AT&T Archives

Simulated mathematical reality comes to life during the mid 20th century. Please note that this simulation does not and  cannot make use of demonstrable projectile physics which shows us why orbits are impossible. Look at Newton's claim to scale. It is on him to support his claim and he cannot and he admits as much. in the work attributed to him. Sir Isaac Newton admits in the Principia that orbits lack hypothesis. See recent podcasts about this subject for more.

Falling cannot be logically ued as centripetal force to magically cancel falling.

“See more from the AT&T Archives at http://techchannel.att.com/archives This film was a specific project to define how a particular type of satellite would move through space. Edward E. Zajac made, and narrated, the film, which is considered to be possibly the very first computer graphics film ever.”

via: AT&T Tech Channel

"This film was a specific project to define how a particular type of satellite would move through space. Edward E. Zajac made, and narrated, the film, which is considered to be possibly the very first computer graphics film ever. Zajac programmed the calculations in FORTRAN, then used a program written by Zajac's colleague, Frank Sinden, called ORBIT. The original computations were fed into the computer via punch cards, then the output was printed onto microfilm using the General Dynamics Electronics Stromberg-Carlson 4020 microfilm recorder. All computer processing was done on an IBM 7090 or 7094 series computer. Zajac didn't make the film to demonstrate computer graphics, however. Instead, he was interested in real-time modeling of a certain theoretical construct. At the time, The Bell System was still deeply engaged in satellite research, having launched Telstar the previous year, with plans to continue developing communications satellites. Zajac's model is of a box ("satellite"), with two gyroscopes within. In the film, he was trying to create a simulation of movement — the pitch, roll, and yaw within that system. He gives these particulars in an article in the Bell System Technical Journal, from 1964. Zajac worked at Bell Labs from 1954 to 1983. He passed away in 2011; his last appointment was as part of the Economics faculty at the University of Arizona. For the latter part of his career, he specialized in the economics of communications and telecommunications. Footage Courtesy of AT&T Archives and History Center, Warren, NJ"

source:: AT&T Tech Channel


The mathematical or perhaps "mathemagical" work attributed to Newton serves (in many ways) as foundation for the artificial virtual digital reality too many of us mistake for the natural world.

Mathematical models that ignore natural demonstrable real world physical principle are often sold as various kinds of "theoretical" consensus driven, peer reviewed, "settled scientific" concepts.


NEWTON WRONG.jpg

source: Page 513 Newton's Principia : the mathematical principles of natural philosophy

Orbits explained, page 512 and513, from the Principia:

NEWTON+WRONG-1.jpg

Orbital mechanics lack hypothesis, according to Sir Isaac Newton himself.

"We said in a mathematical way to avoid all questions about the nature or quality of this force; which would not be understood to be determined by any hypothesis; and therefore call it by the general name of a centripetal force as it is a force which is directed towards some centre..." Sir Isaac Newton, the Principia

image and quote source: https://archive.org/stream/newtonspmathema00newtrich#page/n517/mode/2up


Real World Projectile Physics Prove Orbits Are Impossible Fantasy

Fallaciously grounded thought experiments prove nothing.

Sir Isaac Newton did not prove the rising and setting Moon is anything at all like a physical body that obeys the same "laws" of Nature that physical bodies demonstrably do here near the surface of the Earth itself. In fact, all real world physical principle we can actually demonstrate easily illustrates the flaws in orbital mechanics.

“Things don't always move in one dimension, they can also move in two dimensions. And three as well, but slow down buster! Let's do two dimensions first. You know, like a cannonball. Isn't this getting fun? DaveExplains.”

Episode+48-1.jpg

source: Newton's Principia : the mathematical principles of ... - Internet Archive

Even at 5 miles a second or 18,000 mph, the imagined cannonball would only reach E.

Sir Isaac Newton's hypothesis lacking so called "theory" ignores not only demonstrable real world projectile physics, Newton also ignores Earth's assumed circumference of some 24,800 miles. When we plug in the real world values and use mathematics that represents real world projectile physics, we see that the imagined cannonball can do nothing but fall, from even a height of some 248 miles, in about five minutes times, while covering, even at the fantastic velocity of 18,000mph, but some 1,400 or so miles out of Earth's supposed 24,800 mile circumference. After all the horizontal, fixed velocity of a projectile cannot effect the perpendicular vertical accelerated motion we term "gravity". The perpendicular motions are demonstrably independent. This fact Newton ignores and instead Newton's work relies on the fallacious use of a fixed value that represents the demonstrably accelerated effect we term "gravity".

Newton+Wrong+(0-1.00.23.29).jpg

When we use real world values we see that the projectile, that the cannonball would only travel about 23 degrees or so before crashing into the Earth's surface.

NEWTON+SO+WRONG+3-1.jpg

source: Newton's Principia : the mathematical principles of natural philosophy

Newton has gravity and projectile velocity act as magical centripetal bar.

He ignores natural principle which demonstrates the fact that the horizontal aspect of projectile motion, which is set at a fixed velocity, ignoring atmosphere, cannot effect the accelerated phenomena we term "gravity" which Newton assumes pulls the cannonball or space station towards Earth's center. 

 


Newton's Cannonball Thought Experiment

Newton's work ignores this fact:

"...perpendicular components of motion are independent of each other."

quote source: http://www.physicsclassroom.com/class/vectors/Lesson-2/Characteristics-of-a-Projectile-s-Trajectory

Newton's Cannonball Thought Experiment


8000 meters is about 5 miles

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The above artwork illustrates what the paragraph below describes.

Newtonian Orbits ignore demonstrable projectile physics. Newtonian orbits ignore the fact that gravity is an accelerated phenomena.

"As the projectile travels tangentially a distance of 8000 meters in 1 second, it will drop approximately 5 meters towards the earth. Yet, the projectile will remain the same distance above the earth due to the fact that the earth curves at the same rate that the projectile falls. If shot with a speed greater than 8000 m/s, it would orbit the earth in an elliptical path."

"So what launch speed does a satellite need in order to orbit the earth? The answer emerges from a basic fact about the curvature of the earth. For every 8000 meters measured along the horizon of the earth, the earth's surface curves downward by approximately 5 meters. So if you were to look out horizontally along the horizon of the Earth for 8000 meters, you would observe that the Earth curves downwards below this straight-line path a distance of 5 meters. For a projectile to orbit the earth, it must travel horizontally a distance of 8000 meters for every 5 meters of vertical fall. It so happens that the vertical distance that a horizontally launched projectile would fall in its first second is approximately 5 meters (0.5*g*t2). For this reason, a projectile launched horizontally with a speed of about 8000 m/s will be capable of orbiting the earth in a circular path. This assumes that it is launched above the surface of the earth and encounters negligible atmospheric drag. As the projectile travels tangentially a distance of 8000 meters in 1 second, it will drop approximately 5 meters towards the earth. Yet, the projectile will remain the same distance above the earth due to the fact that the earth curves at the same rate that the projectile falls. If shot with a speed greater than 8000 m/s, it would orbit the earth in an elliptical path."

source: Circular Motion Principles for Satellites - The Physics Classroom

 

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