Please excuse any typos you may encounter. Spell check is an evil little gremlin. We will fix 'em as we find 'em.
The Earth is demonstrably a Globe and this article 'looks up at the sky' to demonstrate this truth.
It's Good To Question The Mainstream Model & To Publicly Question Authority
The Earth is demonstrably a globe. This is obvious for many reasons, or so many of us are quick to think. Most people, however, do not look not look into details for themselves, based on the assumption that the authorities are always correct, We know now this is not the case, so it is not unreasonable to question the evidence put forth for the shape of the Earth. There seems to be a renewed interest in the idea of a flat Earth model. We respect anyone who questions underlying cultural and so-called "scientific" assumptions that we all take for granted, even if we disagree about the conclusions one may come to. Each of us should decide these matters for themselves. We believe each of us must figure these things our for themselves. We think there are more important issues than this one. The greater con job is the entire global commerce system of treaty based contractual governing, supported by a long standing multimedia theatrically reinforced mythology.
The real conspiracy is the long standing historical and institutionally reinforced system of limiting human imagination. The entire system of human culture as we understand it is entirely built on appeals to external authority of one kind of another. We are to bow to the appeal of royalty, religion, science, or even what everyone else thinks. True free thinking and real freedom of speech and expression are kept in check using age old tried and true techniques of human resource management of one kind or another. (see article index for more) We respect all who question authority.
The thing is the Flat Earth model is as complicated in many ways as the current patchwork, house of cards mainstream Cosmology is.
The so-called phenomena of 'chemtrails' or contrails - the water vapor, cloud like exhaust from high flying passenger jets and the motion of the jets themselves clearly show us that the world is indeed a globe.
An Easy Experiment: Observe High Flying Passenger Jets
If we observe very high flying passenger jets as they fly overhead, from one horizon to the other, we will notice that the jet is angled as if it was flying up, a lot like a rocket heading into space, as it approaches us. It will then appear to level off and fly 'straight' above our heads and then it should appear to arc or angle back down, as it flies away from us. If we are fortunate enough to have weather that allows a long contrail to stay up for a while, we will be able to see that the trail describes a rainbow like arc in the sky. This and the perspective of the jet itself, clearly demonstrates that the world is a globe. The high flying passenger jet is not adjuring its angle for our benefit. To those on the passenger jet, they are flying straight as anyone who has been up at that cruising altitude knows.
We on the ground are able to the effect of the globe Earth on the motion of the high flying jet. This allows us to perceive the roundness of the world. This is as basic an experiment as the ships disappearing over the horizon.
Skywave or so-called "Satellite" Dishes also demonstrate the Curvature of the Earth
The direction satellite television receivers are aimed also demonstrates that the Earth is a globe. So-called satellite technology is highly questionable, (see article index for more) what isn't questionable is the ability to bounce a signal off of what we call the ionosphere. This is something that airplanes have used for navigation since back in the 1940's or so. This is old radio technology, of course, like most if not all of our supposed new 21st century tech. The internet and related technology is simply the telegraph "grown up". Digital compression technology allows the modern communication system to exist in its current form, without this technology, we would not have the multimedia digital experience we do. There would be no way to stream all of the seemingly endless data, without digital compression.
"DTV has several advantages over analog TV, the most significant being that digital channels take up less bandwidth, and the bandwidth needs are continuously variable, at a corresponding reduction in image quality depending on the level of compression as well as the resolution of the transmitted image. This means that digital broadcasters can provide more digital channels in the same space, provide high-definition television service, or provide other non-television services such as multimedia or interactivity. DTV also permits special services such as multiplexing (more than one program on the same channel), electronic program guides and additional languages (spoken or subtitled). The sale of non-television services may provide an additional revenue source.
Digital and analog signals react to interference differently. For example, common problems with analog television include ghosting of images, noise from weak signals, and many other potential problems which degrade the quality of the image and sound, although the program material may still be watchable. With digital television, the audio and video must be synchronized digitally, so reception of the digital signal must be very nearly complete; otherwise, neither audio nor video will be usable. Short of this complete failure, "blocky" video is seen when the digital signal experiences interference.
Analog TV started off with monophonic sound, and later evolved to stereophonic sound with two independent audio signal channels. DTV will allow up to 5 audio signal channels plus a sub-woofer bass channel, with broadcasts similar in quality to movie theaters and DVDs"
see here for more: The History of Science Fiction: Kepler, Newton, Arthur C. Clarke ...
"In radio communication, skywave or skip refers to the propagation of radio waves reflected or refracted back toward Earth from the ionosphere, an electrically charged layer of the upper atmosphere. Since it is not limited by the curvature of the Earth, skywave propagation can be used to communicate beyond the horizon, at intercontinental distances. It is mostly used in the shortwave frequency bands.
As a result of skywave propagation, a signal from a distant AM broadcasting station, a shortwave station, or—during sporadic E propagation conditions (principally during the summer months in both hemispheres)—a low frequency television station can sometimes be received as clearly as local stations. Most long-distance shortwave (high frequency) radio communication—between 3 and 30 MHz—is a result of skywave propagation. Since the early 1920s amateur radio operators (or "hams"), limited to lower transmitter power than broadcast stations, have taken advantage of skywave for long distance (or "DX") communication.
Skywave propagation is distinct from:
- groundwave propagation, where radio waves travel near Earth's surface without being reflected or refracted by the atmosphere—the dominant propagation mode at lower frequencies,
- line-of-sight propagation, in which radio waves travel in a straight line, the dominant mode at higher frequencies."
"Discovery of skywave propagation
Amateur radio operators are credited with the discovery of skywave propagation on the shortwave bands. Early long-distance services used surface wave propagation at very low frequencies, which are attenuated along the path. Longer distances and higher frequencies using this method meant more signal attenuation. This, and the difficulties of generating and detecting higher frequencies, made discovery of shortwave propagation difficult for commercial services.
Radio amateurs conducted the first successful transatlantic tests in December 1921, operating in the 200 meter mediumwave band (1500 kHz)—the shortest wavelength then available to amateurs. In 1922 hundreds of North American amateurs were heard in Europe at 200 meters and at least 30 North American amateurs heard amateur signals from Europe. The first two-way communications between North American and Hawaiian amateurs began in 1922 at 200 meters. Although operation on wavelengths shorter than 200 meters was technically illegal (but tolerated as the authorities mistakenly believed at first that such frequencies were useless for commercial or military use), amateurs began to experiment with those wavelengths using newly available vacuum tubes shortly after World War I.
Extreme interference at the upper edge of the 150-200 meter band—the official wavelengths allocated to amateurs by the Second National Radio Conference in 1923—forced amateurs to shift to shorter and shorter wavelengths; however, amateurs were limited by regulation to wavelengths longer than 150 meters (2 MHz). A few fortunate amateurs who obtained special permission for experimental communications below 150 meters completed hundreds of long distance two way contacts on 100 meters (3 MHz) in 1923 including the first transatlantic two way contacts in November 1923, on 110 meters (2.72 MHz)
By 1924 many additional specially licensed amateurs were routinely making transoceanic contacts at distances of 6000 miles (~9600 km) and more. On 21 September several amateurs in California completed two way contacts with an amateur in New Zealand. On 19 October amateurs in New Zealand and England completed a 90-minute two-way contact nearly halfway around the world. On October 10, the Third National Radio Conference made three shortwave bands available to U.S. amateurs at 80 meters (3.75 MHz), 40 meters (7 MHz) and 20 meters (14 MHz). These were allocated worldwide, while the 10-meter band (28 MHz) was created by the Washington International Radiotelegraph Conference on 25 November 1927. The 15-meter band (21 MHz) was opened to amateurs in the United States on 1 May 1952."
"LORAN, short for long range navigation,[a] was a hyperbolic radio navigation system developed in the United States during World War II. It was similar to the UK's Gee system but operated at lower frequencies in order to provide improved range up to 1,500 miles (2,400 km) with accuracy of tens of miles. It was first used for ship convoys crossing the Atlantic Ocean, and then by long-range patrol aircraft, but found its main use on the ships and aircraft operating in the Pacific theatre."
During early experiments with LORAN's skywaves, Jack Pierce noticed that at night the reflective layer in the ionosphere was quite stable. This led to the possibility that two LORAN stations could be synchronized using skywave signals, at least at night, allowing them to be separated over much greater distances. Accuracy of a hyperbolic system is a function of the baseline distance, so if the stations could be spread out, the system would become more accurate, so fewer stations would be needed.
A test system was first attempted on 10 April 1943 between the LORAN stations at Fenwick and Bonavista, 1,100 miles (1,800 km) away. This test demonstrated accuracy of ½ mile, significantly better than normal LORAN. This led to a second round of tests in late 1943, this time using four stations, Montauk, East Brewster, MA, Gooseberry Falls, MO, and Key West, FL. Extensive evaluation flights revealed an average error of 1–2 miles (1.6–3.2 km).
The nighttime mode of operation was a perfect fit for RAF Bomber Command. The four test stations were dismantled and shipped across the Atlantic, and re-installed to form two chains, Aberdeen-Bizerta, and Oran-Benghazi. Known as Skywave-Synchronized LORAN, or SS LORAN, the system provided coverage anywhere south of Scotland and as far east as Poland with an average accuracy of one mile. The system was used operationally in October 1944, and by 1945 it was universally installed in No. 5 Group RAF.
The same basic concept was also tested post-war by the Coast Guard in a system known as "Skywave Long Baseline LORAN". The only difference was the selection of different frequencies, 10.585 MHz in the day, and at 2 MHz at night. Initial tests were carried out in May 1944 between Chatham, MA, and Fernandina, FL, and a second set between Hobe Sound, FL, and Point Chinato, Puerto Rico, in December–January 1945–46. The system was not put into operation, due to a lack of suitable frequency allocations."