Galileo's Lunar Observations:
Please look at the Moon yourself, especially when it is half full. It is not an illuminated ball or sphere. It glows. Where the light meets the dark will look somewhat irregular and not like what an illuminated ball looks like. The Moon seen in film and in photos and on screens is filtered to look like it does. The idea that the Moon is a physical object is one with no actual evidence, despite the images of the Moon landing. The space program is a complete hoax. The world does not work how you might think. See the article index for more.
Galileo observes a visual phenomena on the Moon that he equates with the sunrise here on the Earth. Yet the Moon's day is supposed to be some 28 days or so. How could he see what he sees over the course of a couple of hours if this is the case?
"A lunar day is the period of time it takes for the Earth's Moon to complete one full rotation on its axis with respect to the Sun. Equivalently, it is the time it takes the Moon to make one complete orbit around the Earth and come back to the same phase. It is marked from a new moon to the next new moon.
With respect to the stars, the Moon takes 27 Earth days, 7 hours and 43 minutes 12 seconds to complete its orbit; but since the Earth-Moon system advances around the Sun in the meantime, the Moon must travel further to get back to the same phase. On average(mean), this synodic period lasts 29 days, 12 hours, 44 minutes and 3 seconds. This is an average figure, since the speed of the Earth-Moon system around the Sun varies slightly during a year, due to an imperfect circularity of its orbit, variances in orbital velocity, and a number of other periodic and evolving variations about its observed, relative, mean values, due to the gravitational perturbations of the Sun and a vast, complex universe.
As a result, daylight at a given point on the Moon would last approximately two weeks from beginning to end, followed by approximately two weeks of night."
April 16 2016 an EYEWITNESS ACCOUNT:
"There was A Magic Circle Around the Moon Last Night- There was an actual perfect circle around the Waxing Moon as seen from New York around 9pm or so on the night of Saturday, the 16th of April, 2016. Stars and (what looked to be) a planet (seems the planet in question is Jupiter) were seen around the Moon which was about half way illuminated.
The Northern Sky was clear and the Southern Sky was Clouded. There was a perfectly circular hole in the clouds, centered on the Waxing Moon. The hole looked to be a perfect circle. In other words, the clouds were parted in a perfect circle around the Moon." The Proper Gander staff Themselves.
This looked to me to be more than just the lens effect due to the Moon light being refracted by ice crystals in the upper atmosphere. This was a literal circular hole in the clouds around the Moon.
Galileo's Observations of Our Moon
The Moon Disappears
"As we approach new moon, which this month occurs on Saturday (Sept. 15, 2012), the moon shrinks to a thin crescent, which you can only see in the eastern sky just before sunrise. The moon then becomes totally invisible for a couple of days.
This happens for two reasons. First, the moon has its "dark side" turned towards us. While the far side of the moon is fully lit by the sun, the side facing us is lit only by the feeble sunlight reflected off Earth. Secondly, the faint moon is so close to the sun that it's lost in our star's bright glare.
"At a major lunar standstill, which takes place every 18.6 years, the range of the declination of the Moon reaches a maximum. As a result, at high latitudes, the Moon's greatest altitude (at culmination, when it crosses the meridian) changes in just two weeks from high in the sky to low over the horizon. This time appears to have had special significance for the Bronze Age societies who built the megalithic monuments in Britain and Ireland, and it also has significance for some neo-pagan religions. Evidence also exists that alignments to the moonrise or moonset on the days of lunar standstills can be found in ancient sites of other ancient cultures, such as at Chimney Rock in Colorado and Hopewell Sites in Ohio."
"The term "lunar standstill" was apparently first used by archeologist Alexander Thom in his 1971 book "Megalithic Lunar Observatories". The term "solstice", which derives from the Latin solstitium: sol- (sun) + -stitium (a stoppage), describes the similar extremes in the sun's varying declination. Neither the sun nor the moon stands still, obviously; what stops, momentarily, is the change in declination."
The Moon Moves Like the Sun
"Unlike the stars, the Sun and Moon do not have a fixed declination. As the Earth travels its annual orbit around the Sun, with its rotational axis tilted at about 23.5° from a line perpendicular to the plane of the orbit, the Sun's declination changes from +23.5° at the northern hemisphere Summer Solstice to −23.5° at the northern hemisphere Winter Solstice. Thus, in the northern hemisphere, the Sun is higher in the sky and visible for a longer period of time in June than it is in December. This is the cause of the Earth's seasons.
The Solar Declination Takes 6 Months vs Lunar Declination's 2 Weeks
The Moon also changes in declination, but it does so every lunar nodal period or 27.212 days. So it goes from a positive declination to a negative one in under two weeks. Thus, in under a month the Moon's altitude at its culmination (when it is due south on the meridian) can move from being high in the sky, to low over the horizon, and back again.
Declination Varies by a Difference of 5.14
The Moon's maximum and minimum declination also vary because the plane of the Moon's orbit around the Earth is inclined by about 5.14° to the ecliptic (the plane of the Earth's orbit around the Sun), and the direction of lunar orbit inclination gradually changes over an 18.6-year cycle, alternately adding to or subtracting from the 23.5° tilt of the Earth's axis. As a consequence, the maximum declination of the Moon varies from roughly (23.5° − 5°) = 18.5° to (23.5° + 5°) = 28.5°.
As a result, at minor lunar standstill, the Moon will change its declination during the nodal period from +18.5° to −18.5°, which is a total movement of 37°.
Then, 9.3 years later, during the major lunar standstill, the Moon will change its declination during the nodal period from +28.5° to −28.5°, which is a total movement of 57°, which is enough to take its culmination from high in the sky to low on the horizon in just two weeks (half an orbit).
Strictly speaking, the lunar standstill is a position in relation to the motion of lunar orbit turning in fixed space: it does not persist over the two weeks that the Moon takes to move from its maximum (positive) declination to minimum (negative) declination, and it most likely will not exactly coincide with either extreme. However, because the 18.6-year cycle of standstills is so much longer than the Moon's orbital period, the change in the declination range over periods as short as half an orbit is very small. The period of lunar orbit turning in space is slightly shorter than the lunar standstill interval due to precession altering the inclination of earth rotation over a very long period relative to the moon's orbit rotating direction. Simply, the standstill cycle results from the combination of the two inclinations."
The Lunar motion is quite complicated, yet we only and always see one face of this supposed celestial body, we never see more of the top nor more of the bottom of the Moon, despite the fact that the Moon is seen to alter its declination over the course of a month, modified by an additional motion that occurs over the course of some 18 and 1/2 years.
The assumption is the distance is great and the Moon's orbit is fixed about the Earth, resulting in the apparent motions we observe.
The Moon moves vertically relative to the Earth. Neither this motion nor the effect of compounding this motion with the Moon's supposed orbit causes any shift in our view of what is assumed to be our nearest celestial neighbor.
Earth's fixation with the Fixed Stars makes for a more complicated model.
Funked Up Shadows
The Earth's shadow is only seen on the Lunar surface during the Lunar Eclipse. The Earth's shadow is otherwise invisible the rest of the time. This does not seem to be how light and shadows work, as far as we can demonstrate, here on the Earth. The Earth should be blocking the Sun's rays and the Moon should not be illuminated in the manner we see, when we see the "Full Moon".
In the mainstream model of the cosmos, the Earth's shadow is supposed to effect the atmosphere and yet it normally has no effect on the lunar surface.
"The Earth's shadow or Earth shadow (also sometimes known as the dark segment) are names for the shadow that the Earth itself casts on its atmosphere. This shadow is often visible from the surface of the Earth, as a dark band in the sky near the horizon. This atmospheric phenomenon can sometimes be seen twice a day, around the times of sunset and sunrise."
"In optics, an Arago spot, Fresnel bright spot, or Poisson spot is a bright point that appears at the center of a circular object's shadow due to Fresnel diffraction. This spot played an important role in the discovery of the wave nature of light and is a common way to demonstrate that light behaves as a wave (for example, in undergraduate physics laboratory exercises)."
"The articles described fantastic animals on the Moon, including bison, goats, unicorns, bipedal tail-less beavers and bat-like winged humanoids ("Vespertilio-homo") who built temples. There were trees, oceans and beaches. These discoveries were supposedly made with "an immense telescopeof an entirely new principle.""
""The Great Moon Hoax" refers to a series of six articles that were published in The Sun, a New York newspaper, beginning on August 25, 1835, about the supposed discovery of life and even civilization on the Moon. The discoveries were falsely attributed to Sir John Herschel, one of the best-known astronomers of his time."
"In this original and revolutionizing discussion, Nikola Tesla given us something really new to think about. First — Does the moon rotate on its axis? Second — is the Franklin pointed lightning rod correct in theory and operation? Third — Do wireless signal fly thru space by means of so-called Hertzian waves in the ether, or are they propagated thru the earth at prodigious velocity by means of earth-bound oscillations? World-famous conundrums these — questions which have been answered in many ways by some of the greatest scientists. Dr. Tesla explains these three predominant scientific fallacies in a masterly way, so that everyone can understand them."