Spell check is evil: please excuse any typos you may encounter. We will correct them as we find them. Thank You. AAMorris.
c. 1300, of the fruit, from Old French orange, orenge (12c., Modern French orange), from Medieval Latin pomum de orenge, from Italian arancia, originally narancia (Venetian naranza), alteration of Arabic naranj, from Persian narang, from Sanskrit naranga-s "orange tree," of uncertain origin. Not used as a color word until 1540s.
Loss of initial n- probably due to confusion with definite article (as in une narange, una narancia), but perhaps influenced by French or "gold." The name of the town of Orange in France (see Orangemen) perhaps was deformed by the name of the fruit. Orange juice is attested from 1723.
The tree's original range probably was northern India. The Persian orange, grown widely in southern Europe after its introduction in Italy 11c., was bitter; sweet oranges were brought to Europe 15c. from India by Portuguese traders and quickly displaced the bitter variety, but only Modern Greek still seems to distinguish the bitter (nerantzi) from the sweet (portokali "Portuguese") orange. Portuguese, Spanish, Arab, and Dutch sailors planted citrus trees along trade routes to prevent scurvy. On his second voyage in 1493, Christopher Columbus brought the seeds of oranges, lemons and citrons to Haiti and the Caribbean. Introduced in Florida (along with lemons) in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon. Introduced to Hawaii 1792.
secret society founded 1795 in Belfast to promote Protestant power in Northern Ireland, named for William of Orange (who became King William III of England and triumphed in Ireland at the head of a Protestant army at the Battle of the Boyne), of the German House of Nassau. His cousins and their descendants constitute the royal line of Holland.
The name is from the town of Orange on the Rhone in France, which became part of the Nassau principality in 1530. Its Roman name was Arausio, which is said in 19c. sources to be from aura "a breeze" and a reference to the north winds which rush down the valley, but perhaps this is folk etymology of a Celtic word. The name subsequently was corrupted to Auranche, then Orange. The town has no obvious association with the fruit other than being on the road from Marseilles to Paris, along which masses of oranges were transported to northern France and beyond. In this roundabout way the political/religious movement of Northern Irish Protestantism acquired an association with the color orange, the Irish national flag acquired its orange band, and Syracuse University in New York state acquired its "Otto the Orange" mascot.
Old English blæc "dark," from Proto-Germanic *blakaz "burned" (source also of Old Norse blakkr "dark," Old High German blah "black," Swedish bläck"ink," Dutch blaken "to burn"), from PIE *bhleg- "to burn, gleam, shine, flash" (source also of Greek phlegein "to burn, scorch," Latin flagrare "to blaze, glow, burn"), from root *bhel- (1) "to shine, flash, burn;" see bleach (v.).
The same root produced Old English blac "bright, shining, glittering, pale;" the connecting notions being, perhaps, "fire" (bright) and "burned" (dark). The usual Old English word for "black" was sweart (see swart). According to OED: "In ME. it is often doubtful whether blac, blak, blake, means 'black, dark,' or 'pale, colourless, wan, livid.' " Used of dark-skinned people in Old English.
Of coffee, first attested 1796. Meaning "fierce, terrible, wicked" is late 14c. The color of sin and sorrow since at least c. 1300; sense of "with dark purposes, malignant" emerged 1580s (as in black magic). Black face in reference to a performance style originated in U.S., is from 1868. Black flag, flown (especially by pirates) as a signal of "no mercy," from 1590s. Black dog "melancholy" attested from 1826. Black belt is from 1875 in reference to districts of the U.S. South with heaviest African population; 1870 with reference to fertility of soil; 1913 in judo sense. Black power is from 1966, associated with Stokely Carmichael. Black English "English as spoken by African-Americans," is by 1969.
It's All About Colors & Coloring Our Minds and Perceptions In Order to Control Our Behavior
Yellow Journalism: The Blueprint for all Culture
"Joseph Campbell defines yellow press newspapers as having daily multi-column front-page headlines covering a variety of topics, such as sports and scandal, using bold layouts (with large illustrations and perhaps color), heavy reliance on unnamed sources, and unabashed self-promotion. The term was extensively used to describe certain major New York City newspapers around 1900 as they battled for circulation.
Frank Luther Mott defines yellow journalism in terms of five characteristics:
- scare headlines in huge print, often of minor news
- lavish use of pictures, or imaginary drawings
- use of faked interviews, misleading headlines, pseudoscience, and a parade of false learning from so-called experts
- emphasis on full-color Sunday supplements, usually with comic strips
- dramatic sympathy with the "underdog" against the system."
Human beings love color so much that we tend to tattoo colorful imagery on our bodies, wear colorful makeup and clothing. Some of us color our hair in rainbow shades of fun. And there’s nothing wrong with any of this. We enjoy looking at the natural world of flowers and tress and colorful birds and all sorts of wonderful sun rises and sun sets. Our natural world is filled with incredible beauty and we are fortunate enough to possess the sense of sight.
What most of us might not realize is how important and overlooked is the power of sight to effect our own behavior. We monkey or copy the behavior of those we see. We tend to dress like those we admire, or at least we are encouraged to adopt visual patterns of behavior of the celebrities who are sold to us as representatives of our culture. Images that are presented in color are more powerful than black and white imagery. The moving image, silent and in black and white is a clever trick. The full color image with stereo sound is a magical social control mechanism.
You Have Been A Prisoner of The Screens
Weaponized or toxic culture is concocted to distract us from seeing the walls of our collective socially controlled prison. It's not really about freedom, which we already possess, it's about ensuring the unaware do not become aware of the social control mechanisms and the crime and racket that is government.
We Are The Prisoners
Authority comes in many forms. Kings and Queens and Popes and Priests and Teachers and Police all come to mind.
We overlook the religion we all tend to adhere to without our conscious knowledge. We trust the News, we trust the words of the talk show hosts, news journalists and DJs. We believe the newspaper headlines and word of mouth hearsay that is sourced in the “NEWS”.
We do not realize that most of the NEWS is not true. We do not realize that what most of us consider to be real knowledge about our world is noting more than "faith -Based" reasoning, illogically founded on the words of talking heads on screens of one kind or another. Newspapers and even the University system are less about truth and more about indoctrination.
Government means mind control. The television and now the internet, as well as all other media forms, are the Medium for Government or behavioral control. The Governments, the Federal, State and County and even more local, are the rackets and crime. These corporate bodies do not work for us and exist to deprive us of our freedom, not grant or protect it. These institutions do not exist to work for us, and any good they do for us, comes with the long historical paper chains of the feudal wage slaves ystem.
How to defeat the Mythic Four Horsemen with Your imagination & library knowledge:
Do You Think You Are Free From Propaganda? Do you think the NEWS and Hollywood are independent from the Government?
Ever hear about The Defense Information School? “The Defense Information School or DINFOS, is a United States Department of Defense (DoD) school located at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland. DINFOS fulfills the Department of Defense's need for an internal corps of professional journalists, broadcasters, and public affairs professionals.” This was formed in 1946! The purpose of this school is to brainwash our minds. Don’t believe us? Please keep reading or check out the article index. Please keep an open mind, everything we think we know is probably wrong, we will explain why we make this claim. This is but the tip of the proverbial iceberg.
Did you ever read or hear about any of these other absurd stories about the ‘War to End all Wars’? What we think of wars and history is more lie than not. Did you know film makers have been faking so-called real war footage for years? Ever read or hear about the Ghost Army and all the rest? Please keep reading this article.
Please excuse any typos you may come across, we will fix them as we find them, spell check is evil, Thank You, AAMorris Staff.
Yellow Journalism: The Blueprint For Culture
Joseph Campbell defines yellow press newspapers as having daily multi-column front-page headlines covering a variety of topics, such as sports and scandal, using bold layouts (with large illustrations and perhaps color), heavy reliance on unnamed sources, and unabashed self-promotion. The term was extensively used to describe certain major New York City newspapers around 1900 as they battled for circulation.
- scare headlines in huge print, often of minor news
- lavish use of pictures, or imaginary drawings
- use of faked interviews, misleading headlines, pseudoscience, and a parade of false learning from so-called experts
- emphasis on full-color Sunday supplements, usually with comic strips
- dramatic sympathy with the "underdog" against the system.
disney info school = yellow journalism or disinfo!
Where Do Minions & Simon's Parroting Talking Heads on Screens • Sock Puppets Come From?
Why do they keep us afraid 24/7?
Are we surrounded by minions? It sure feels like it. We like them. They are really cute and designed for commercial business. These sweet little yellow products just can't help but fly off the shelves. We are lucky to have infinite supply online.
Yes the Defense Information agents are online. We can't help but think they are 'virtually' among around us. How many so-called 'truther' is actually one of these professionally trained Defense Information Specialists or agents?
These are the same people that keep things like the UFO scam alive. This school dates back to the late 1940's. These guys created what we think of as modern communications. Here we can see from where and why - the tabloid style press gets a boost. Why this style is so encouraged, and why it has always been this way. These techniques of behavioral manipulation go back to the earliest days of organized religion. We must have a continual mystery to ponder and authorities to turn to for answers. This is why the so-called occult subjects are so prevalent in our media. Occult just means hidden and apocalypse just means revelation.
Here we reveal the truth- what you see on screen, in print and hear on the radio is more than likely false, especially if it involves some kind of celebrity and is a story that is repeated endlessly in various formats of years to come. The more local and less reported the news the more real it likely is. The bigger and more global or national or even state news, the more likely it is fake.
e need to be kept in a perpetual state of fear so we believe we need the various layers of the social control mechanism and criminal racket we call government. We do not need to pay taxes, nor pay into social security nor any of it. We are purposely dumbed down by a media beast that seeks to use us all up and spit us all out. The state run news media does not work to enlighten us, it works to keep us enslaved and believing we need government and that the political elections matter. What we see on screens, especially the politics and war, is very fake and scripted.
We know that at installations like the Defense Information School, the military trains agents, actors, voice over people, radio disc jockeys, comedians, journalists and behind the scenes production staff. This is where yellow journalism techniques are taught to trained agents who have security clearances. All news media is nothing but yellow journalism. We can see how things really work now. Yellow Journalism is the method for all of this. These sensationalized techniques really date back to the earliest days of religion, obviously. These are basic military style propaganda techniques designed to win a so-called war, before ever having to fire a shot.
The need or motive to fake news and wars dates back to the earliest days of our so-called civilization. Medieval castle walls were sold as protection to the mass of peasantry. The origins of our modern Mafia run global culture emerges from the shadow and into the light. We can use even wikipedia to reveal the truth. All we need to do is keep following a literal web linked trail and we will end up seeing how the United States is nothing but a corporate racket, an unlawful and unnatural front for the banking and currency industry, that represents old European moneyed interests who had originally funded this economic enterprise in the first place, or so they think. This funding was ill gotten gain in the first place of course.
"The Defense Information School, or DINFOS, is a United States Department of Defense (DoD) school located at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland. DINFOS fulfills the Department of Defense's need for an internal corps of professional journalists, broadcasters, and public affairs professionals. Members from all branches of the U.S. military, DoD civilians and international military personnel attend DINFOS for training in public affairs, print journalism, photojournalism, photography, television and radio broadcasting, lithography, equipment maintenance and various forms of multimedia. The American Council on Education recommends college credit for most DINFOS courses."
The Public Affairs Leadership Department is one of four departments in DINFOS.
The Public Affairs Leadership Department offers the Qualification Course (PAQC), the Joint Expeditionary Course (JEPAC), the Joint Intermediate Course (JIPAC), and the Joint Senior Course (JSPAC). Courses are offered to military officers, senior enlisted personnel, Department of Defense civilians, and members of coalition partners from around the world who are preparing for or already in billets of public affairs leadership.
Journalism classes feature basic writing skills and include a headline style known at the school as "headline-ese", a total style for writing and developing headlines. Students are taught a variety of writing styles and formats such as news, sports and feature writing.
Photojournalism courses focus on composition, exposure, and general camera operation skills. Flash photography is introduced in the basic photography course. Students learn advanced photo-editing, composition and other techniques not taught in basic photojournalism classes.
Students in all courses hail from all branches of the U.S. military and reserve as well as International military students.
Equipment maintenance courses
The Basic Television Equipment Maintenance (BTVEM) course includes apprentice level instruction in the repair of all types of studio and transmission equipment. Students also learn how to maintain the AVID non-linear digital editing systems. The U.S. Army MOS 25R and the Air Force AFSC 2E134 is awarded upon completion. Since December 2006 Air Force class graduated, DINFOS no longer trains Air Force personnel in the BTVEM course.."
i.S.i.S. or ISIS? ISISI IS AN Ancient EGYPTIAN GODDESS, and not part of Islam at all.
"Isis (/ˈaɪsɪs/; Ancient Greek: Ἶσις IPA: [îː.sis]; original Egyptian pronunciation more likely "Aset" or "Iset") is a goddess from the polytheistic pantheon of Egypt. She was first worshiped in Ancient Egyptian religion, and later her worship spread throughout the Roman Empire and the greater Greco-Roman world. Isis is still widely worshiped by many pagans today in diverse religious contexts; including a number of distinct pagan religions, the modern Goddess movement, and interfaith organizations such as the Fellowship of Isis."
The “Wars” that our ancestors saw on the cave’s wall were projected by the fire of the imagination. The cave or hell was and is our own minds. The artificial world exists as a mental construct alone. This is the seeming intended meaning of the film “The Matrix”. The Virtual Reality is simply the one projected into your own “mind’s eye”. The artists and craftsmen have always been employed by patrons to do this very thing. Art is employed not to educate the mass public, but to indoctrinate the mass. To keep the mass in a circle from which they cannot escape. This is a mental prison. One that defies the natural world in favor of defining reality in whatever terms the Nobility deem fit for the time. As long as the overall agenda is maintained and followed all is good.
Religions are not spiritual. God is not in any religion. Religion derives from the latin words for link or ligament. It implies a link in a chain. The word Church means circle. Like sheep we are meant to stay within our circle and heed our shepherd. Today we have the traditional faiths and the neo-religion of mainstream science.
Mainstream science is just another faith. Here’s how you can tell. Science means you can reproduce the experiment. Real science and real engineering are based on discovering natural principles, it is not based on enforcing an artificial set of terms and misleading mantras . Real science does not require blind parroting. It requires that we try to see things how they really and naturally are. How God or Mother Nature ‘intended’, not how we want them to be.
The wars of the 20th Century and today would not have been possible without the art and craft of film making nor would the wars have been possible without the means of distribution of this product.
Meet Lovely Rita The Meter Maid - Her Private Enterprise, SITE manufactures the NEWS meant to terrify You - and you Pay Your Taxes For It! - She is the real Terrorist and Racketeer ( along with the Government) -
A lilliputian army and navy needs to be projected onto a large screen. And as we have seen, the RKO Theater chain is an example of this very thing. The old news reels were shown between films like the news is shown on television today. It was fake then and it is fake now. More than likely the nobility have been faking it for centuries, since they were the ones who would have been educated in the arts in the first place.
Religions are customs. Costumes the Nobility puts on and takes off. It’s all a show. If you like the old Superman custom of wearing your underwear on the outside of your clothes you might not like the new fashion of Super Hero “costume” these days.
Religions like consumes are put on and taken off by the elite who run the show. The nobility or aristocracy that has been running things for centuries are the ones who would provide the patronage for culture creation in the first place.
The elite would wear the religions and show off these new fashions to the mass public. The mass public then begins to adopt these new customs and presto a religion is born.
This is how we end up with the fractured world of today. Religions are used to divide and conquer the public into easily manageable pieces. Online community building works the same way.
MORE THEATRE as USUAL
"Single-sex theatrical troupes often have some performers who cross-dress to play roles written for members of the opposite sex (travesti). Cross-dressing, particularly the depiction of males wearing dresses, is often used for comic effect onstage and onscreen."
ORANGE IS THE NEW BLACK indeed
"Cross-dressing is the act of wearing items of clothing and other accoutrements commonly associated with the opposite sex within a particular society. Cross-dressing has been used for purposes of disguise, comfort, and self-actualization in modern times and throughout history.
Almost every human society throughout history has had expected norms for each gender relating to style, color, or type of clothing they are expected to wear, and likewise most societies have had a set of guidelines, views or even laws defining what type of clothing is appropriate for each gender.
The term cross-dressing denotes an action or a behavior without attributing or implying any specific causes for that behavior. It is often assumed that the connotation is directly correlated with behaviors of transgender identity or sexual, fetishist, and homosexual behavior, but the term itself does not imply any motives and is not synonymous to one's gender identity."
X Marks The Cross Dressing Spot
Is this a NINJA? Nope. Wrong Culture!!! He is not dressed as a Ninja. This is a Burqa! A Burqa Clad 'Terrorist'.
"A ninja (忍者?) or shinobi (忍び?) was a covert agent or mercenary in feudal Japan. The functions of the ninja included: espionage, sabotage, infiltration, assassination and guerrilla warfare"
"Despite many popular folktales, historical accounts of the ninja are scarce. Historian Stephen Turnbull asserts that the ninja were mostly recruited from the lower class, and therefore little literary interest was taken in them. Instead, war epics such as the Tale of Hōgen (Hōgen Monogatari) and the Tale of the Heike (Heike Monogatari) focus mainly on the aristocratic samurai, whose deeds were apparently more appealing to the audience."
Burqa Pantsuits are the New Fashion
"A burqa (Urdu: بُرقع) (Arabic pronunciation: [ˈbʊrqʊʕ, ˈbʊrqɑʕ]a (also transliterated burkha, bourkha, burka or burqu' from Arabic: برقع burquʻ or burqaʻ), also known as chadri or paranja in Central Asia) is an enveloping outer garment worn by women in some Islamic traditions to cover their bodies when in public."
"Since at least 2004, a significant goal of the group has been the foundation of a Sunni Islamic state. Specifically, ISIL has sought to establish itself as a caliphate, an Islamic state led by a group of religious authorities under a supreme leader—the caliph—who is believed to be the successor to Prophet Muhammad. In June 2014, ISIL published a document in which it claimed to have traced the lineage of its leader al-Baghdadi back to Muhammad, and upon proclaiming a new caliphate on 29 June, the group appointed al-Baghdadi as its caliph. As caliph, he demands the allegiance of all devout Muslims worldwide, according to Islamic jurisprudence"
The Role of Woman in an ISLAMIC STATE:
“The 10,000-word manifesto, uploaded by the all-female Al-Khanssaa Brigade’s media wing on to popular jihadist forums, existed only in Arabic until it was discovered and translated by Charlie Winter, a researcher on jihadism in Syria and Iraq at the counter extremism think-tank the Quilliam Foundation document, entitled ‘Women in the Islamic State: Manifesto and Case Study’, emphasises the “sedentary” role of women as homemakers, wives and mothers, heavily criticising Western women and human rights concepts of gender equality.” http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/middle-east/life-as-a-woman-under-isis-document-reveals-for-the-first-time-what-group-really-expects-from-female-10025143.html
"But we thought it was OK to Be Gay...YOU ARE DRESSED as WOMEN After ALL..."
"BEFORE a crowd of men on a street in the Syrian city of Palmyra, the masked Islamic State group judge read out the sentence against the two men convicted of homosexuality: They would be thrown to their deaths from the roof of the nearby Wael Hotel."
Real or Fake?
How does this make any sense? These men are dressed as women, by their own cultural standards This seems to be absurd and would seem not to be real.
“Take them and throw them off,” the judge ordered. Other masked extremists tied the men’s hands behind their backs and blindfolded them. They led them to the roof of the four-storey hotel, according to the witness, who spoke in the Turkish city of Reyhanli on condition he be identified only by his first name, Omar, for fear of reprisals.
Notorious for their gruesome methods of killing, the Islamic State group reserves one of its most brutal for suspected homosexuals. Videos it has released show masked militants dangling men over the precipices of buildings by their legs to drop them headfirst or tossing them over the edge. At least 36 men in Syria and Iraq have been killed by IS militants on charges of sodomy, according to the New York-based OutRight Action International, though its Middle East and North Africa co-ordinator, Hossein Alizadeh, said it was not possible to confirm the sexual orientation of the victims."
"It claims that the blurring of lines between the roles of men and women is largely because of the emasculation of men, suggesting that Isis fighters are ‘real men’."
SISI is ISIS Backwards - Is This Some Kind of Play on Words and Visual Joke? The ISIS Fighter are the Ones who are Visually Blurring their own Cultural sexual distinctions by Dressing in Burqa Pantsuits.
"Recent reports from local and international rights groups indicate that ISIS poses a significant and fatal threat to LGBTQ residents in regions it controls. Last month, a report from the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Committee (IGLHRC), Madre, and the Organization of Women’s Freedom in Iraq (OWFI) found that ISIS has condemned to death and executed multiple individuals in Syria for alleged “sodomy,” and has “made clear that there is no place for gender non-conforming individuals under its rule.”
In Pakistan, though homosexuality is illegal and punishable by a jail sentence ranging from two years to life in prison, transgender citizens have legally codified rights. In 2009, Pakistan’s Supreme Court ordered the issuing of “third gender” identity cards to the country’s self-identifying transgender, transsexual, and eunuch populations, (known as the “khawaja sara”) who number between 80,000 and 300,000. In 2012, the court ruled that the khawaja sara should have the same rights as other Pakistanis, including inheritance and job opportunities.
Local security officials have remarked that ISIS would “change nothing” in Pakistan, a country already rife with bombings and sectarian violence. But the potential rise of ISIS in Pakistan is much more than a military “security” threat, and such claims discount the social ramifications of some radical Islamist groups, particularly for LGBTQ populations. ISIS is now world-renowned for its barbaric enactment of misogyny, homophobia and transphobia, and their presence in Pakistan has the potential to erode decades of struggle for trans* recognition."
"Unlike the Taliban, ISIS is rooted in a society devoid of transgendered acceptance. Iqbal points out that “with or without ISIS, gays can be thrown off rooftops in Syria.”  The potential of ISIS presence in Pakistan presents a much more severe threat to transgendered people than that posed by the Taliban. In this sense and with this gendered and humanized understanding of what constitutes security it is clear that ISIS would not, as one general claimed, “change nothing.”
This is How ISIS claims it wants its women dressing. It claims to be homophobic and anti-trans gender and anti LGBT and yet they are the ones who are corss-dressing in Burqa Pantsuits.
FLASH BACK & TIME REWIND: TRAGEDY & HOPE HOW THE EMPIRE IS RUN
The Founding of Israel By The British Empire:
““During World War I, British Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour sent the Balfour Declaration of 1917 to Baron Rothschild (Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild), a leader of the British Jewish community, that stated that Britain intended for the creation of a Jewish "national home" within the Palestinian Mandate.””
Viscount Alfred Milner
“Milner was also a chief author of the Balfour Declaration of 1917, although it was issued in the name of Arthur Balfour. He was a highly outspoken critic of the Austro-Hungarian war in Serbia arguing that "there is more widespread desolation being caused there (than) we have been familiar with in the case of Belgium". He was an earnest advocate of inter-allied cooperation and, as representative of the British War Cabinet, was on a March 1918 visit to France when the Germans launched their great offensive, and was instrumental in getting General Ferdinand Foch appointed as Allied Generalissimo at the Doullens Conference on 26 March. On 19 April he was appointed Secretary of State for War in place of the Earl of Derby, who had been a staunch ally of Field-Marshal Haig, and presided over the Army Council for the remainder of the war. Following the khaki election of December 1918, he was appointed Colonial Secretary and, in that capacity, attended the 1919 Paris Peace Conference where, on behalf of United Kingdom, he became one of the signatories of the Treaty of Versailles, including the "Orts-Milner Agreement" allowing to Belgium the administration of Ruanda and Urundi territories to award the Belgo-African army ("Force publique") for his war effort which highly contributed to push the German troops out the future Tanganyika Territory (the victorious Tabora and Mahenge battles).“
“The book has attracted the attention of conspiracy theorists due to Quigley's assertion that a secret society initially led by Cecil Rhodes, Alfred Milner and others had considerable influence over British and American foreign policy in the first half of the twentieth century. From 1909 to 1913, Milner organized the outer ring of this society as the semi-secret Round Table groups.”
They've Been Fakin' Wars & Creating Religions For Centuries!
The Mid 20th Century
The Late 19th Century
“The first wave of modern Jewish migration to Ottoman-ruled Palestine, known as the First Aliyah, began in 1881, as Jews fled pogroms in Eastern Europe. Although the Zionist movement already existed in practice, Austro-Hungarian journalist Theodor Herzl is credited with founding political Zionism, a movement which sought to establish a Jewish state in the Land of Israel, thus offering a solution to the so-called Jewish Question of the European states, in conformity with the goals and achievements of other national projects of the time. In 1896, Herzl published Der Judenstaat (The State of the Jews), offering his vision of a future Jewish state; the following year he presided over the first Zionist Congress.”
“The Second Aliyah (1904–14), began after the Kishinev pogrom; some 40,000 Jews settled in Palestine, although nearly half of them left eventually. Both the first and second waves of migrants were mainly Orthodox Jews, although the Second Aliyah included socialist groups who established the kibbutz movement.”
British conquest of Palestine
“The Jewish Legion, a group primarily of Zionist volunteers, assisted, in 1918, in the British conquest of Palestine. Arab opposition to British rule and Jewish immigration led to the 1920 Palestine riots and the formation of a Jewish militia known as the Haganah (meaning "The Defense" in Hebrew), from which the Irgun and Lehi, or Stern Gang, paramilitary groups later split off. In 1922, the League of Nations granted Britain a mandate over Palestine under terms which included the Balfour Declaration with its promise to the Jews, and with similar provisions regarding the Arab Palestinians. The population of the area at this time was predominantly Arab and Muslim, with Jews accounting for about 11%, and Arab Christians at about 9.5% of the population”
“The Jewish Legion (1917–1921) is an unofficial name used to refer to five battalions of Jewish volunteers, the 38th to 42nd (Service) Battalions of the Royal Fusiliers, raised in the British Army to fight against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.”
POST WORLD WAR TWO
“After World War II, Britain found itself in intense conflict with the Jewish community over Jewish immigration limits, as well as continued conflict with the Arab community over limit levels. The Haganah joined Irgun and Lehi in an armed struggle against British rule. At the same time, hundreds of thousands of Jewish Holocaust survivors and refugees sought a new life far from their destroyed communities in Europe. The Yishuv attempted to bring these refugees to Palestine but many were turned away or rounded up and placed in detention camps in Atlit and Cyprus by the British. Escalating violence culminated with the 1946 King David Hotel bombing which Bruce Hoffman characterized as one of the "most lethal terrorist incidents of the twentieth century". In 1947, the British government announced it would withdraw from Mandatory Palestine, stating it was unable to arrive at a solution acceptable to both Arabs and Jews.”
THE BRITISH ARE HERE!
“British Israelism (also called Anglo-Israelism) is a doctrine based on the hypothesis that people of Western European and Northern European descent, particularly those in Great Britain, are the direct lineal descendants of the Ten Lost Tribes of the ancient Israelites. The doctrine often includes the tenet that the British Royal Family is directly descended from the line of King David.
The central tenets of British Israelism have been refuted by evidence from modern genetic, linguistic, archaeological and philological research. The doctrine continues, however, to have a small number of adherents.
The movement has never had a head organisation or a centralized structure. Various British Israelite organisations were set up across the British Empire and in America from the 1870s; a small number of such organisations are still active today.
British Israelism arose in England, from where it spread to the United States. Although British-Israelists cite various medieval manuscripts to claim an older origin, British Israelism as a distinct movement appeared in the early 1880s:
Although scattered British Israel societies are known to have existed as early as 1872, there was at first no real move to develop an organization beyond the small groups of believers which had arisen spontaneously. The beginnings of the movement as an identifiable religious force can, therefore, be more accurately placed in the 1880's when the circumstances of the time were particularly propitious for the appearance of a movement so imperialistically-orientated.
Earlier aspects of British Israelism and influences are traceable to Richard Brothers in 1794, John Wilson's Our Israelitish Origins (1840s), and John Pym Yeatman's The Shemetic Origin of the Nations of Western Europe (1879). In 1875, J. C. Gawler published Our Scythian Ancestors which is considered an influential text to the British Israel movement."
William Pascoe Goard
"At the end of the 19th century Edward Hine, Edward Wheeler Bird and Herbert Aldersmith developed the British Israelite movement. The extent to which the clergy in Britain became aware of the movement may be gauged from the comment made by Cardinal John Henry Newman (1801-1890); when asked why in 1845 he had left the Church of England to join the Roman Catholic Church, he said that there was a very real danger that the movement "would take over the Church of England."
In Russia, the controversial self-declared Zionist priest Hippolytus Lutostansky claimed that British people were of Jewish origin. (Incidentally, although an antisemite, he also insisted on Palestine as the national home for Russian Jews already in 1911.)
During the 1890s the "Anglo-Israel Association" based in Britain (founded by the physician George Moore in 1879) had 300 members. Hine later departed for the United States where he promoted the idea overseas.
Between 1899 and 1902, adherents of British Israelism dug up parts of the Hill of Tara in the belief that the Ark of the Covenant was buried there, doing much damage to one of Ireland's most ancient royal and archaeological sites. At the same time, British Israelism became associated with various pseudo-archaeological pyramidology theories, such as the Pyramid of Khufu containing a prophetic numerology of the British peoples.
In 1914, the thirty-fourth year of its publication, the Anglo-Israel Almanac listed details of a large number of Kingdom Identity Groups operating independently throughout the Britannic Isles and in the. Overseas Dominions of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Canada and in the United States of America.
In 1919 the British-Israel-World Federation (BIWF) was founded in London, and Covenant Publishing in 1922. William Pascoe Goard was the first director of the publishing house. During this time several prominent figures patronized the BIWF organization and its publisher: Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, was Patron-in-chief in pre-World War II days. One of the most notable members was William Massey, then Prime Minister of New Zealand. Due to the expansive nature of the British Empire, believers in British Israelism spread worldwide and the BIWF expanded its organization to the commonwealth. Howard Rand promoted the theory and became National Commissioner of the Anglo-Saxon Federation of America in 1928. He published The Bulletin, later renamed The Messenger of the Covenant. More recently, it has been renamed Destiny.
During its heyday in the early 20th century, British Israelism was also supported by John Fisher, 1st Baron Fisher. A prolific author on British Israelism during the later 1930s and 40s was Alexander James Ferris whose When Russia Bombs Germany (1940) sold over 60,000 copies.”