Please excuse the stray typo.
The Origins of the Modern Augmented Reality Matrix: Mathematical Models Get Substituted For Reality
This video provides some insight into the founding of the modern Religion known as Astronomy and Theoretical Physics and all the rest of the augmented reality based So-called science fantasy sold as fact. This artificial reality was originally crafted with the growing mercantile leisure class in mind, or so it seems.
The Jesuit and Vatican influenced University system would promote the Heliocentric and other fantastic models over common sense and demonstrable natural physics. The minds of the growing leisure class would now be indoctrinated with obvious logical fallacies being sold as reason. The logical Trivium gets turned upside down and order becomes disorder.
This original indoctrination system was designed to manage the rising threat to the original Feudal and Church power.
Truth gets liberally mixed with fiction and honest mistakes can get codified as "Law". There's gold to be panned from the sand.
Origins of Real Technology & A Whole Lot of Science Fiction Propaganda Nonsense.
Mathematical Models Begin To Get Confused With Demonstrable Experiment And Real Nature
THE EARLY 20TH CENTURY WAS WHEN A SPLIT BETWEEN ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS AND THEORETICAL SCIENCE TAKES PLACE: THIS IS THE DAWN OF THE ERA OF THE NEO-RELIGION OF MAINSTREAM SOLD SCIENCE
* PLEASE NOTE NIKOLA TESLA, IS CREDITED WITH THE INVENTION OF RADIO. THERE ARE NUMEROUS PATENTS & PUBLISHED WORK THAT BACK THIS CLAIM UP.. PLEASE WATCH THE ERIC DOLLARD VIDEOS FOR A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THIS SUBKECT.
PLEASE ALSO TAKE NOTICE THAT THE BBC PRODUCED VIDEO IS MORE PROPAGANDA THAN FACTUAL SCIENCE AND HISTORY. THERE IS A LOT OF HERO WORSHIP AND THE PROMOTION OF A FILTERED VERSION OF HISTORY AND SCIENCE AS FACT.
SATURN REPRESENTS EXTERNAL AUTHORITY & IS AN APPROPRIATE SYMBOL FOR THE UNIVERSITY SYSTEM THAT PROMOTES PARROTING AND MYTHICAL HERO WORSHIP OF LEGENDARY SO-CALLED "GIANTS" OVER REASON, COMMON SENSE AND DEMONSTRABLE FACT.
James Clerk Maxwell FRS FRSE (13 June 1831 – 5 November 1879) was a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics. His most notable achievement was to formulate the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation, bringing together for the first time electricity, magnetism, and light as manifestations of the same phenomenon. Maxwell's equations for electromagnetism have been called the "second great unification in physics" after the first one realised by Isaac Newton.
With the publication of A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field in 1865, Maxwell demonstrated that electric and magnetic fields travel through space as waves moving at the speed of light. Maxwell proposed that light is an undulation in the same medium that is the cause of electric and magnetic phenomena. The unification of light and electrical phenomena led to the prediction of the existence of radio waves.
Maxwell helped develop the Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution, a statistical means of describing aspects of the kinetic theory of gases. He is also known for presenting the first durable colour photograph in 1861 and for his foundational work on analysing the rigidity of rod-and-joint frameworks (trusses) like those in many bridges.
His discoveries helped usher in the era of modern physics, laying the foundation for such fields as special relativity and quantum mechanics. Many physicists regard Maxwell as the 19th-century scientist having the greatest influence on 20th-century physics. His contributions to the science are considered by many to be of the same magnitude as those of Isaac Newton and Albert Einstein. In the millennium poll—a survey of the 100 most prominent physicists—Maxwell was voted the third greatest physicist of all time, behind only Newton and Einstein. On the centenary of Maxwell's birthday, Einstein described Maxwell's work as the "most profound and the most fruitful that physics has experienced since the time of Newton".
Saturn (Latin: Saturnus pronounced [saˈtʊr.nʊs]) is a god in ancient Roman religion, and a character in myth. Saturn is a complex figure because of his multiple associations and long history. He was the first god of the Capitol, known since the most ancient times as Saturnius Mons, and was seen as a god of generation, dissolution, plenty, wealth, agriculture, periodic renewal and liberation. In later developments he came to be also a god of time. His reign was depicted as a Golden Age of plenty and peace. The Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum housed the state treasury. In December, he was celebrated at what is perhaps the most famous of the Roman festivals, the Saturnalia, a time of feasting, role reversals, free speech, gift-giving and revelry. Saturn the planet and Saturday are both named after the god.
"The 25-year-old Maxwell was a good fifteen years younger than any other professor at Marischal. He engaged himself with his new responsibilities as head of a department, devising the syllabus and preparing lectures. He committed himself to lecturing 15 hours a week, including a weekly pro bono lecture to the local working men's college. He lived in Aberdeen during the six months of the academic year and spent the summers at Glenlair, which he had inherited from his father.
He focused his attention on a problem that had eluded scientists for two hundred years: the nature of Saturn's rings. It was unknown how they could remain stable without breaking up, drifting away or crashing into Saturn. The problem took on a particular resonance at that time because St John's College, Cambridge had chosen it as the topic for the 1857 Adams Prize. Maxwell devoted two years to studying the problem, proving that a regular solid ring could not be stable, while a fluid ring would be forced by wave action to break up into blobs. Since neither was observed, Maxwell concluded that the rings must be composed of numerous small particles he called "brick-bats", each independently orbiting Saturn. Maxwell was awarded the £130 Adams Prize in 1859 for his essay On the stability of the motion of Saturn's rings; he was the only entrant to have made enough headway to submit an entry. His work was so detailed and convincing that when George Biddell Airy read it he commented "It is one of the most remarkable applications of mathematics to physics that I have ever seen." It was considered the final word on the issue until direct observations by the Voyager flybys of the 1980s confirmed Maxwell's prediction.
In 1857 Maxwell befriended the Reverend Daniel Dewar, who was then the Principal of Marischal. Through him Maxwell met Dewar's daughter, Katherine Mary Dewar. They were engaged in February 1858 and married in Aberdeen on 2 June 1858. On the marriage record, Maxwell is listed as Professor of Natural Philosophy in Marischal College, Aberdeen. Seven years Maxwell's senior, comparatively little is known of Katherine, although it is known that she helped in his lab and worked on experiments in viscosity. Maxwell's biographer and friend, Lewis Campbell, adopted an uncharacteristic reticence on the subject of Katherine, though describing their married life as "one of unexampled devotion".
In 1860 Marischal College merged with the neighbouring King's College to form the University of Aberdeen. There was no room for two professors of Natural Philosophy, so Maxwell, despite his scientific reputation, found himself laid off. He was unsuccessful in applying for Forbes's recently vacated chair at Edinburgh, the post instead going to Tait. Maxwell was granted the Chair of Natural Philosophy at King's College, London, instead. After recovering from a near-fatal bout of smallpoxin 1860, Maxwell moved to London with his wife."
In the late 19th century, luminiferous aether, aether or ether, meaning light-bearing aether, was the postulated medium for the propagation of light. It was invoked to explain the ability of the apparently wave-based light to propagate through empty space, something that waves should not be able to do. The assumption of a spatial plenum of luminiferous aether, rather than a spatial vacuum, provided the theoretical medium that was required by wave theories of light.
The concept was the topic of considerable debate throughout its history, as it required the existence of an invisible and infinite material with no interaction with physical objects. As the nature of light was explored, especially in the 19th century, the physical qualities required of the aether became increasingly contradictory. By the late 1800s, the existence of the aether was being questioned, although there was no physical theory to replace it.
The negative outcome of the Michelson–Morley experiment suggested that the aether was non-existent. This led to considerable theoretical work to explain the propagation of light without an aether. A major breakthrough was the theory of relativity, which could explain why the experiment failed to see aether, but was more broadly interpreted to suggest that it wasn't needed. The Michelson-Morley experiment, along with the blackbody radiator and photoelectric effect, was a key experiment in the development of modern physics, which includes both relativity and quantum theory, the latter of which explains the wave-like nature of light.
In 1856 Wilhelm Eduard Weber and Rudolf Kohlrausch performed an experiment to measure the numerical value of the ratio of the electromagnetic unit of charge to the electrostatic unit of charge. The result came out to be equal to the product of the speed of light and the square root of two. The following year, Gustav Kirchhoff wrote a paper in which he showed that the speed of a signal along an electric wire was equal to the speed of light. These are the first recorded historical links between the speed of light and electromagnetic phenomena.
James Clerk Maxwell began working on Faraday's lines of force. In his 1861 paper On Physical Lines of Force he modelled these magnetic lines of force using a sea of molecular vortices that he considered to be partly made of aether and partly made of ordinary matter. He derived expressions for the dielectric constant and the magnetic permeability in terms of the transverse elasticity and the density of this elastic medium. He then equated the ratio of the dielectric constant to the magnetic permeability with a suitably adapted version of Weber and Kohlrausch's result of 1856, and he substituted this result into Newton's equation for the speed of sound. On obtaining a value that was close to the speed of light as measured by Fizeau, Maxwell concluded that light consists in undulations of the same medium that is the cause of electric and magnetic phenomena.[B 1][B 2]"
"Maxwell had however expressed some uncertainties surrounding the precise nature of his molecular vortices and so he began to embark on a purely dynamical approach to the problem. He wrote another famous paper in 1864 under the title of A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field in which the details of the luminiferous medium were less explicit.[A 2] Although Maxwell did not explicitly mention the sea of molecular vortices, his derivation of Ampère's circuital law was carried over from the 1861 paper and he used a dynamical approach involving rotational motion within the electromagnetic field which he likened to the action of flywheels. Using this approach to justify the electromotive force equation (the precursor of the Lorentz force equation), he derived a wave equation from a set of eight equations which appeared in the paper and which included the electromotive force equation and Ampère's circuital law.[A 2] Maxwell once again used the experimental results of Weber and Kohlrausch to show that this wave equation represented an electromagnetic wave that propagates at the speed of light, hence supporting the view that light is a form of electromagnetic radiation.
The apparent need for a propagation medium for such Hertzian waves can be seen by the fact that they consist of perpendicular electric (E) and magnetic (B or H) waves. The E waves consist of undulating dipolar electric fields, and all such dipoles appeared to require separated and opposite electric charges. Electric charge is an inextricable property of matter, so it appeared that some form of matter was required to provide the alternating current that would seem to have to exist at any point along the propagation path of the wave. Propagation of waves in a true vacuum would imply the existence of electric fields without associated electric charge, or of electric charge without associated matter. Albeit compatible with Maxwell's equations, electromagnetic induction of electric fields could not be demonstrated in vacuum, because all methods of detecting electric fields required electrically charged matter."
"In addition, Maxwell's equations required that all electromagnetic waves in vacuum propagate at a fixed speed, c. As this can only occur in one reference frame in Newtonian physics (see Galilean-Newtonian relativity), the aether was hypothesized as the absolute and unique frame of reference in which Maxwell's equations hold. That is, the aether must be "still" universally, otherwise c would vary along with any variations that might occur in its supportive medium. Maxwell himself proposed several mechanical models of aether based on wheels and gears, and George Francis FitzGerald even constructed a working model of one of them. These models had to agree with the fact that the electromagnetic waves are transverse but never longitudinal.
"The picturesque planet Saturn is featured in numerous works of science fiction. Early works of science fiction used Saturn itself as a location for stories, but modern science has shown that the planet has no solid surface on which one could land, and that its atmosphere and temperature are hostile to human life. As a result, the Saturnian system as a whole, including its planetary rings and its extensive system of moons, is a commoner setting for science fiction."
In C. S. Lewis's novel That Hideous Strength (1945), we learn of a prophecy that Ransom "shall be Pendragon in the time when Saturn descends from his sphere". This prophecy is fulfilled when Lurga, the Oyarsa of Saturn, appears in the top floor of the house at St. Anne's along with the Oyéresu of Mercury (Viritrilbia), Venus (Perelandra), Mars(Malacandra), and Jupiter (Glund).
- Micromégas (1752) by Voltaire. Micromégas, an extraterrestrial visitor, arrives at Saturn first (Uranus and Neptune had not yet been discovered in 1752). Saturn's citizens are "only a thousand fathoms high", have 72 senses and live for about 15,000 years. Micromégas forms a close friendship with the secretary of the Academy of Saturn, who accompanies him to Earth.
- Off on a Comet (1877) by Jules Verne. Adventurers pass within 415,000,000 miles of Saturn while riding on a comet. The book describes Saturn as having 8 satellites and 3 rings. It contains a black and white illustration showing what night might look like from the surface of the planet. The rings are brightly illuminated by the sun, and an elliptical shadow is cast on them by the planet. The drawing shows the surface of Saturn as a rocky, desolate, solid surface.
- A Journey in Other Worlds (1894) by John Jacob Astor IV. Explorers from Earth reach Saturn from Jupiter (which is a tropical jungle world, much like ancient Earth) and find that the planet is a dark, dry, dying planet. The only inhabitants of Saturn are gigantic, ghostlike creatures that communicate telepathically and can predict the future.
- Cthulhu Mythos by H. P. Lovecraft et al. Saturn was known as Cykranosh in the Hyperborean Era, both Tsathoggua and Atlach-Nacha came to Earth from there, and Tsathoggua's paternal uncle Hziulquoigmnzhah still resides there.
- Operation Saturn (27 Feb. 1953-21 May 1954) by Frank Hampson. A Dan Dare story that ran in the original Eagle comic from Volume 3, Issue 47 to Volume 5, Issue 21.
- In Captain Marvel Adventures #1: 'The Monsters of Saturn,' Saturn has been invaded by a race of Dragon-men from another planet who have enslaved the humanoid inhabitants. The natives of Saturn have a legend of a Thunder God freeing them one day. One of them contacts Earth with a radio, causing Cap to travel to Saturn. Captain Marvel wipes the Dragon-men out before returning to Earth.
- Jemm, Son of Saturn (1984). Saturn's atmosphere is home to immense, enclosed floating cities, the homes of the Red and White Saturnians, twin races that began as cloned offshoots of the nearly extinct Martian race. Red Saturnians were cloned from Green Martians; White Saturnians were cloned from White Martians. The two species have a rivalry. Like Martians they have mental powers, allowing them to control or read minds.
- In Strange Tales #1 (1951) the first story 'The Strange Men' involves beings from the planet Saturn, who, in a subterranean city on an island in the Atlantic ocean, are creating an array of weaponry with which they plan to invade Earth and all the other planets in the Solar System. They are humanoid, but require gas masks to protect themselves from our "vile earthly atmosphere". They are so technologically advanced they can walk through walls.
- In Journey into Mystery #83 (1962) "The Stone Men From Saturn", in which Thor (Marvel Comics) appears for the first time, a race of humanoids made of stone come to Earth with the intention of invading. They are made extra strong by the high oxygen content of Earth's atmosphere.
- In All-Star Comics #13 the Justice Society of America are sent to different planets after being gassed by Nazis and placed into rockets. Hawkman awakens to find himself in a rocketship and getting ready to crash-land on Saturn. Exiting the ship before it crashes, he sees a man being menaced by a vulture and saves his life. Hearing that the inhabitants are being menaced by a tyrant named Hora, Hawkman agrees to lend his services to the populace. He defeats Hora and is rewarded with a leaden box of radium, enabling him to rocket back to Earth.
- There are many references to Saturn in the Superman comics.
- The sixth planet from the sun. Superman No. 147/3 describes Saturn as a planet “where there has been no crime at all for centuries .. . and where everyone can perform amazing mental feats!” The complete absence of crime on Saturn is caused by the weird “radiations” emanating from the “meteor- fragments that form Saturn’s rings,” radiations which somehow “cancel out Saturn people’s criminal traits!” (Aug 1961: “The Legion of Super-Villains!").
- Among the particles that make up Saturn’s rings, asserts Superman No. 122/1, are those composed of a so-called “musical mineral,” an exotic substance that emits musical sounds (Jul 1958: “The Secret of the Space Souvenirs”).
- According to Superman No. 128/1, Saturn’s “smaller moons” are actually “gigantic, porous ‘snowballs,’ “satellites that are literally “composed of frozen snow” (Apr 1959: chs. 1-2—”Superman versus the Futuremen”; “The Secret of the Futuremen”).
- Saturn Queen, a member of the Legion of Super-Villains, is a native of Saturn (S No. 147/3, Aug 1961: “The Legion of Super-Villains!”).
- Saturn Girl a member of the Legion of Super-Heroes, hails from Titan, the largest, brightest, and most massive of Saturn’s ten satellites (Adv No. 247/1: "The Legion of Super-Heroes!").
- In February–March 1951, Superman demolishes an unidentified planet that may one day strike Earth, blasting it apart with asteroids diverted from Saturn’s rings (WF No. 50: “Superman, Super Wrecker”).
- In February 1957, for a twelve-hour period, Superman’s personality is imprisoned in the body of Jimmy Olsen and vice versa, as the result of both men’s having unwittingly exposed themselves to the effects of a Saturnian “mentality exchanger” discovered by Superman while exploring the remnants of a long-dead Saturnian civilization (S No. 111/1: "The Non-Super Superman”).
- In July 1958, Superman journeys to Saturn to obtain a sample of the exotic “musical mineral” from Saturn’s rings, and later to Rhea, one of Saturn’s moons, to obtain a strange knotted tree. These are but two of a series of eight so-called “space trophies” which the Man of Steel gathers during this period for inclusion in a time capsule which the Metropolis Museum plans to bury in the ground as a gift for the people of the fiftieth century A.D. (S No. 122: “The Secret of the Space Souvenirs”).
- During a time-journey to the twenty-first century CE, a time when all life on Earth is threatened with imminent extinction as the result of the oceans having been accidentally dissolved “by an atomic experiment,” Superman tows several of Saturn’s “snowball” moons to Earth to alleviate Earth’s catastrophic scarcity of water (S No. 128/1, Apr 1959: chs. 1-2—-”Superman versus the Futuremen”; “The Secret of the Futuremen”).
- In August 1961, Superman transforms Saturn Queen from an adversary into an ally, and there turns the tables on the Legion of Super-Villains, by exposing her to the radiations of meteor fragments taken from Saturn’s rings and thus curing her of her “villainous tendencies” (S No. 147/3: “The Legion Super-Villains!”). (TGSB)
- Saturn Rukh (1997), novel by Robert L. Forward. Saturn has inhabitants that live within the planet's clouds.
- The Clouds of Saturn (1998), novel by Michael McCollum. Saturn is a new place for humanity after Earth was heavily boiled by the flaring sun.
- Accelerando (2005), short story collection by Charles Stross. Humans colonize Saturn's upper atmosphere as the inner planets are dismantled into a Matrioshka Brain.
- Larklight (2006) by Philip Reeve. The First Ones, who inhabited the Solar System before the planets were formed live in Saturn's rings because of the lighter gravity, which is only a tenth of Earth's. They weave their webs into the rings, and resemble white 12 legged spiders. Saturn has a breathable atmosphere, but it is harder to breathe than Earth's.
- The Taking of Chelsea 426 (2009) by David Llewellyn. The human colony Chelsea 426 floats on Saturn's gas clouds.
- The Night's Dawn Trilogy by Peter F. Hamilton. The rings of Saturn are used in the reproductive flights of the biological starships of the series' Edenists, the Voidhawks, for their combination of magnetosphere and matter to nourish the eggs.
- 2312 (2012) by Kim Stanley Robinson. Includes a sequence in which characters fly into Saturn's atmosphere to hunt a missing spacecraft.
- Saturn Run (2015) by John Sandford and Ctein. Humanity sees evidence of an extraterrestrial ship to Saturn orbit in 2066. The Chinese and the Americans race to find out what (or who) is there, and how it can be used to their own advantage.
Film, television and radio
- Betty Boop's Ups and Downs (1932), The planet Saturn buys Earth and pulls its magnet out, eliminating Earth's Gravity.
- Space Patrol (1962), puppet television series.
- "The Rings of Saturn" episode. Observing Saturn, Dart and his crew notice a meteor shadowing the Galasphere. On discovering it is actually a Saturnian spacecraft, Dart makes contact and brings a tape of Saturnian language back to Earth for decoding. When contact is finally made with the planet it transpires that Dart has inadvertently offended the Saturnians by picking leaves of their sacred tree.
- "The Miracle Tree Of Saturn" episode. A fungus is destroying crops at an alarming rate. By chance Professor Heggarty discovers a cutting from the Saturnians' sacred tree on Raeburn's desk destroys the fungus and Dart is dispatched to Saturn to obtain further supplies. However, their plan has been overheard by an unscrupulous technician.
- Silent Running (1972) is set in a future in which all plant life on Earth is extinct. Only a few specimens have been preserved in a fleet of space freighters, one of which travels to Saturn.
- Tim Burton's film Beetlejuice (1988) is partly set on a fictional Saturn, populated by giant sandworms.
- In the movie Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer, Galactus consumes Saturn while en route to consume Earth. The planet and the rings are seen dissolving as Galactus, depicted as a spherical nebula with appendages, is en route to Earth.
- In Futurama, Leela fills sugar and potato in Mr Wong's exhaust pipe. This scene took place on Saturn.
- In the anime series Sailor Moon, one of the supporting characters is named Sailor Saturn, her civilian form is known as Hotaru Tomoe. She fights along with the other Outer Senshi for the Moon Kingdom and defending the Solar System of outside enemies. She carries her Silence Glaive, she is known as the guardian of ruin and birth and also the guardian of silence.
- In the film Interstellar, NASA sends a four astronauts aboard a spacecraft called the Endurance to Saturn in order to enter a wormhole next to the planet in order to find a new habitable planet for the people of Earth.
- In the role-playing game Transhuman Space (2002), the isotope helium-3 is harvested from Saturn's atmosphere for use in fusion reactors.
- In a Magic School Bus game, Saturn is shown being visited by the school bus.
- In the video game Galaga: Destination Earth, Saturn is featured as the second stage of this game."
Miracle Monday tells the story of Superman, trying to stop an entity of pure evil from causing universal chaos. This is Elliot S. Maggin's second Superman novel, following Superman: Last Son of Krypton. The story introduces the time traveler Kristin Wells. The character later appeared in the Superman comics, both as herself and as Superwoman.
The novel introduces the holiday Miracle Monday, which occurs annually on the third Monday of May. The holiday would also make an appearance in the Superman comics.
In the story, Samael, the ruler of Hell, sends his greatest agent of evil, C. W. Saturn, to Earth, to destroy Superman morally. Saturn is able to enter our dimension thanks to Lex Luthor having used a form of magic to escape prison, leaving a 'hole' between worlds. At the same time, Kristin Wells, a journalism student from the far future, uses time travel technology to arrive in the present, for the purpose of finding out the origin of the holiday known as Miracle Monday, of which only the known fact is somehow connected to Superman. She infiltrates Clark Kent's circle of friends by becoming Lois Lane's assistant. Unfortunately, because she does not belong in the present, Saturn is able to possess her. Saturn then proceeds to cause worldwide havoc, taunting Superman that the only way for him to stop it would be by killing its host—thus making him break his vow against killing. Saturn even reveals Superman's secret identity to the world, to further drive him into desperation.
Ultimately, however, Superman refuses to kill Kristin, even if it means he would have to spend the rest of his life battling Saturn. At that moment, because of the rules that bind demons, Saturn is defeated, and forced to grant Superman a wish. He asks that everything that happened since Saturn's arrival be undone, and it is granted, with Saturn then being banished back to Hell. However, a lingering memory of the events remained within the souls of humanity, causing them to begin celebrating the day every year, on the third Monday of May, starting the Miracle Monday tradition. Kristin then returns to the future to reveal this fact to the public."
THE REAL ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING PIONEER WAS NOT MAXWELL BUT THIS GUY:
"Oliver Heaviside FRS (/ˈɒlɪvər ˈhɛvisaɪd/; 18 May 1850 – 3 February 1925) was a self-taught English electrical engineer, mathematician, and physicist who adapted complex numbers to the study of electrical circuits, invented mathematical techniques for the solution of differential equations (equivalent to Laplace transforms), reformulated Maxwell's field equations in terms of electric and magnetic forces and energy flux, and independently co-formulated vector analysis. Although at odds with the scientific establishment for most of his life, Heaviside changed the face of telecommunications, mathematics, and science for years to come."