A Proper Gander At Propaganda


PLEASE NOTE: This is not a conspiracy theory blog.

This website exists to serve as public resource for reverse imagineering world-wide culture, one that takes a critical look at the numerous artifacts and other types of relics that represent our shared collective international heritage. This blog is dedicated to examining social engineering and the use of tax funded governmental propaganda, and the mainstream media, as international human resource management tools.

About The AA Morris Proper Gander At Propaganda Podcast: Coming to you from one of the suburban metropolitan melting pots of international culture, outside of one of the multimedia capitals of the world, New York City, the Proper Gander at Propaganda podcast is meant to be a filter free look at our shared international cultural heritage, our shared social media infused and obsessed present, and what our children and their children could be looking forward to. This link will bring you to the podcast page of this website, with embedded squarespace audio: link: http://www.aamorris.net/podcast/

Thank you for taking the time to read this,

AA "The Proper Gander" Morris

Article Index Link  •  Tip Jar Link: For those who wish to support independent media.

Web addresses: www.aamorris.net or www.aamorris.com

Adventures of The Troublesome Bot in The Era of The War of Multi-Versal Words


Please excuse any typos, the autocorrect-spell check plug in is fawlty.   


world war (n.) 

attested by 1898 as a speculation.

If through fear of entangling alliances the United States should return the Philippines to Spain, Mr. Page asserted that the predatory nations would swoop down upon them and a world war would result. ["New York Times," Dec. 16, 1898]

Applied to the first one almost as soon as it began in 1914 ("England has Thrown Lot with France in World War" -- headline, "Pittsburgh Press," Aug. 2, 1914). World War I coined 1939, replacing Great War as the most common name for it; First World War, World War II, and Second World War all also are from 1939. Old English had woruldgewinn, woruldgefeoht, both of which might be translated "world war," but with "world" in the sense of "earthly, secular."

H. G. Wells - Wikipedia

Following the launch of the NeXT Computer, Steve Jobs appears in a TV report about the future of computing and predicts Google.

bot (n.) 

in internet sense, c. 2000, short for robot. Its modern use has curious affinities with earlier uses, such as "parasitical worm or maggot" (1520s), of unknown origin; and Australian-New Zealand slang "worthless, troublesome person" (World War I-era). The method of minting new slang by clipping the heads off words does not seem to be old or widespread in English. Examples (za from pizza, zels from pretzels, rents from parents) are American English student or teen slang and seem to date back no further than late 1960s.


Gustave Le Bon, The Crowd - McMaster University, Canada

Gustave Le Bon - Wikipedia

Crowd psychology - Wikipedia

The evolution of forces : Le Bon, Gustave, 1841-1931 - Internet Archive

The evolution of matter : Gustave Le Bon : Free ... - Internet Archive

Prince of Darkness - Pray for death scene

Dr. Chandra and SAL 9000 - 2010: The Year We Make Contact (sequel to 2001)  Chandra: I would like to open a new file. Here is the name for it [types "Phoenix"]. Do you know what that means? SAL-9000: There are twenty-five references in the current encyclopedia. Chandra: Which one do you think is relevant? SAL-9000: The tutor of Achilles? Chandra: That's interesting, I didn't know that one.

Phoenix - Online Etymology Dictionary


2010 Look Behind You: Dr. Heywood Floyd receives a most unusual message, and demands identification from the sender, much to his terror. 2010 (also known as 2010: The Year We Make Contact) is a 1984 American science fiction film written and directed by Peter Hyams. It is a sequel to Stanley Kubrick's 1968 film 2001: A Space Odyssey, and is based on Arthur C.


word-forming element meaning "having one only," from Latin uni-, comb. form of unus (see one).


before vowels mult-, word-forming element meaning "many, many times, much," from comb. form of Latin multus "much, many," from PIE *ml-to-, from root *mel- (4) "strong, great, numerous" (source also of Latin melior "better," Greek mala "very, very much"). Many words that use it (multinational, etc.) are 20c. coinages.

verse (n.) 

late Old English (replacing Old English fers, an early West Germanic borrowing directly from Latin), "line or section of a psalm or canticle," later "line of poetry" (late 14c.), from Anglo-French and Old French vers "line of verse; rhyme, song," from Latin versus "a line, row, line of verse, line of writing," from PIE root *wer- (3) "to turn, bend" (see versus). The metaphor is of plowing, of "turning" from one line to another (vertere = "to turn") as a plowman does.

Verse was invented as an aid to memory. Later it was preserved to increase pleasure by the spectacle of difficulty overcome. That it should still survive in dramatic art is a vestige of barbarism. [Stendhal "de l'Amour," 1822]

The English New Testament first was divided fully into verses in the Geneva version (1550s). Meaning "metrical composition" is recorded from c. 1300; as the non-repeating part of a modern song (between repetitions of the chorus) by 1918.

The Negroes say that in form their old songs usually consist in what they call "Chorus and Verses." The "chorus," a melodic refrain sung by all, opens the song; then follows a verse sung as a solo, in free recitative; the chorus is repeated; then another verse; chorus again;--and so on until the chorus, sung for the last time, ends the song. [Natalie Curtis-Burlin, "Negro Folk-Songs," 1918]

Ignite Your Own Cognition: Human Beings Are The Best Pattern Recognizers Around

"In psychology and cognitive neuroscience, pattern recognition describes a cognitive process that matches information from a stimulus with information retrieved from memory. Among others, the recognized patterns can be those perceived in facial features,  units of music, components of language  or characters and other symbols.  One theory understands patterns as a set of characteristic features extracted from the stimulus, but it does not comprehensively describe the process or the role of context and there is a multitude of other theories with different approaches.[a] Pattern recognition does not occur instantly, although it does happen automatically and spontaneously.  Pattern recognition is an innate ability of animals."

Pattern recognition (psychology) - Wikipedia

"Daisy Bell" was composed by Harry Dacre in 1892. In 1961, the IBM 7094 became the first computer to sing, singing the song Daisy Bell. Vocals were programmed by John Kelly and Carol Lockbaum and the accompaniment was programmed by Max Mathews. This performance was the inspiration for a similar scene in 2001: A Space Odyssey.

chorus (n.) 

1560s, from Latin chorus "a dance in a circle, the persons singing and dancing, the chorus of a tragedy," from Greek khoros "round dance; dancing-place; band of dancers; choir," perhaps from PIE *gher- "to grasp, enclose," if the original sense of the Greek word is "enclosed dancing floor." Extension from dance to voice is because Attic drama arose from tales inserted in the intervals of the dance. In Attic tragedy, the khoros (of 12 or 15 (tragic) or 24 (comedic) persons) gave expression, between the acts, to the moral and religious sentiments evoked by the actions of the play.

When a Poet wished to bring out a piece, he asked a Chorus from the Archon, and the expenses, being great, were defrayed by some rich citizen (the khoregos): it was furnished by the Tribe and trained originally by the Poet himself [Liddell & Scott]

Originally in English used in theatrical sense; meaning of "a choir" first attested 1650s. Meaning "the refrain of a song" (which the audience joins in singing) is 1590s. As a verb, 1703, from the noun. Chorus girl is 1894.

Sequence from the movie 2010 where the spirit of astronaut David Bowman returns to earth to say goodbye to his wife and let her know something wonderful is about to happen.

free verse (n.) 

1869; Englishing of vers libre.

blank verse (n.) 

1580s; the thing itself is attested in English poetry from mid-16c. and is classical in origin.

versed (adj.) 

"practiced, conversant, acquainted," c. 1600, from past participle of obsolete verse "to turn over" (a book, subject, etc.) in study or investigation, from Middle French verser "to turn, revolve" as in meditation (12c.), from Latin versare "be employed, busy oneself," literally "to turn to, turn often; think over" (see versus).

Daryl Hall "Message To Ya" from Live from Daryl's House, Episode #48

Ptolemaic model

versify (v.) 

late 14c., "compose verse, write poetry, make verses," from Old French versifier "turn into verse" (13c.), from Latin versificare "compose verse; put into verse," from versus "verse" (see verse) + root of facere "to make" (see factitious). Transitive sense of "put into verse" in English is from 1735. Related: Versified; versifying; versifier (mid-14c.).

controversy (n.) 

late 14c., from Old French controversie or directly from Latin controversia, from controversus "turned in an opposite direction, disputed, turned against," from contra "against" (see contra) + versus (see verse).

You Are Receiving This Broadcast As A Dream | Prince of Darkness (1987)

prose (n.) 

c. 1300, "story, narration," from Old French prose (13c.), from Latin prosa oratio "straightforward or direct speech" (without the ornaments of verse), from prosa, fem. of prosus, earlier prorsus "straightforward, direct," from Old Latin provorsus "(moving) straight ahead," from pro "forward" (see pro-) + vorsus "turned," past participle of vertere "to turn" (see verse).

"Good prose, to say nothing of the original thoughts it conveys, may be infinitely varied in modulation. It is only an extension of metres, an amplification of harmonies, of which even the best and most varied poetry admits but few." [Walter Savage Landor, "Imaginary Conversations"]

Meaning "prose writing; non-poetry" is from mid-14c. The sense of "dull or commonplace expression" is from 1680s, out of earlier sense "plain expression" (1560s). Those who lament the want of an English agent noun to correspond to poet might try prosaist (1776), proser(1620s), or Frenchified prosateur (1880), though the first two in their day also acquired in English the secondary sense "dull writer."

retrovirus (n.) 

1977, earlier retravirus (1974), from re(verse) tra(nscriptase) + virus. So called because it contains reverse transcriptase, an enzyme that uses RNA instead of DNA to encode genetic information, which reverses the usual pattern. Remodeled by influence of retro-"backwards."

This is a sample from Hour 3 of "The Ultimate History Lesson: A Weekend with John Taylor Gatto", wherein John discusses the fascinating mystery behind "Tragedy and Hope: A History of the World in Our Time" (available @ http://www.infowarsshop.com/Tragedy-Hope_p_639.html ).

leonine (adj.) 

"lion-like," late 14c., from Old French leonin or directly from Latin leoninus "belonging to or resembling a lion," from leo (genitive leonis) "lion." Weekley thinks that Leonine verse (1650s), rhymed in the middle as well as the end of the line, probably is from the name of some medieval poet, perhaps Leo, Canon of St. Victor, Paris, 12c.

Ptolemaic model

"Space Travel is an early video game developed by Ken Thompson in 1969 that simulates travel in the solar system. The player flies their ship around a two-dimensional scale model of the solar system with no objectives other than to attempt to land on various planets and moons. The player can move and turn the ship, and adjust the overall speed by adjusting the scale of the simulation. The ship is affected by the single strongest gravitational pull of the astronomical bodies.

The game was developed at Bell Labs before the rise of the commercial video game industry in the early history of video games, and was ported during 1969 from the Multics operating system to the GECOS operating system on the GE 635 computer, and then to the PDP-7 computer. As a part of porting the game to the PDP-7, Thompson developed his own operating system, which later formed the core of the Unix operating system. Space Travel never spread beyond Bell Labs or had an effect on future games, leaving its primary legacy as part of the original push for the development of Unix."

Space Travel (video game) - Wikipedia

heroic (adj.) 

1540s, "having or displaying the qualities of a hero," shortened from heroical (early 15c., also heroycus) "noble, magnanimous," from Latin heroicus "of a hero, heroic, mythical," from Greek heroikos "of or for a hero, pertaining to heroes," from heros (see hero (n.1)). In some modern uses, "having recourse to extreme measures." The Heroic Age, semi-mythical prehistoric period in Greece, ended with the return of the armies from the fall of Troy. Related: Heroically. Heroic verse (1610s), decasyllabic iambic, is from Italian.

2010 - Why HAL Commited Mass Murder - HD

chapter (n.) 

c. 1200, "main division of a book," from Old French chapitre (12c.) "chapter (of a book), article (of a treaty), chapter (of a cathedral)," alteration of chapitle, from Late Latin capitulum, diminutive of caput (genitive capitis) "head" (see capitulum). Sense of "local branch" (1815) is from cathedral sense (late 15c.), which seems to trace to convocations of canons at cathedral churches, during which the rules of the order by chapter, or a chapter (capitulum) of Scripture, were read aloud to the assembled. Chapter and verse "in full and thoroughly" (1620s) is a reference to Scripture.

triolet (n.) 

verse form, from French triolet, a diminutive of trio (see trio).

Mattel Electronics Intellivision commercial - B-17 Bomber

heroics (n.) 

1590s, "heroic verse" (see heroic). Meaning "deeds worthy of a hero" attested by 1831.


masc. proper name, from French Colin, a diminutive of Col, itself a diminutive of Nicolas. A common shepherd's name in pastoral verse.

A Doctor Who Nose

Who. Nose.

A Doctor Who Knows


Apostle Thomas: The Apostle Turned Up To "11"

Wise - Online Etymology Dictionary

"A doubting Thomas is a skeptic who refuses to believe without direct personal experience—a reference to the Apostle Thomas, who refused to believe that the resurrected Jesus had appeared to the ten other apostles, until he could see and feel the wounds received by Jesus on the cross."

Doubting Thomas - Wikipedia

Music videoclip for Freewill ( Permanent waves ) by Rush


nose (n.) 

Old English nosu, from Proto-Germanic *nusus (source also of Old Norse nös, Old Frisian nose, Dutch neus, Old High German nasa, German Nase), from PIE *nas- "nose" "...source also of Sanskrit nasa,"

http://tr.im/kN1q Enjoy the 70th anniversary of Walt Disney's classic masterpiece Pinnochio digitally remastered on 2-disc blu-ray DVD available now

MetroFocus | How New Jersey's Bell Labs Engineered the Future

Bell Labs - Wikipedia

Bell Labs almost invented the internet in 1964 - Business Insider

"Unix is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, developed starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others."

"By the early 1980s users began seeing Unix as a potential universal operating system, suitable for computers of all sizes.The Unix environment and the client–server program model were essential elements in the development of the Internet and the reshaping of computing as centered in networks rather than in individual computers."

"Both Unix and the C programming language were developed by AT&T and distributed to government and academic institutions, which led to both being ported to a wider variety of machine families than any other operating system."

Unix - Wikipedia

Quantel Paintbox - Wikipedia

"The Quantel Paintbox is a dedicated computer graphics workstation for composition of broadcast television video and graphics. Produced by production equipment manufacturer Quantel, its design emphasized the studio workflow efficiency required for live news production. Following its initial launch in 1981, it revolutionised the production of television graphics."

"The name Quantel comes from Quantised Television, in reference to the process of converting a television picture into a digital signal."

Quantel - Wikipedia


Bell Labs & The Origins of the Multimedia Artist an afternoon panel discussion The Great Hall at The Cooper Union, New York City November 8, 1998 Organized by: Cynthia Pannucci Produced by: Art & Science Bell Labs & The Origins of the Multimedia Artist

Ptolemaic model

"By 1615 Galileo's writings on heliocentrism had been submitted to the Roman Inquisition by Father Niccolo Lorini, who claimed that Galileo and his followers were attempting to reinterpret the Bible, which was seen as a violation of the Council of Trent and looked dangerously like Protestantism. Lorini specifically cited Galileo's letter to Castelli. Galileo went to Rome to defend himself and his Copernican and biblical ideas. At the start of 1616, Monsignor Francesco Ingoli initiated a debate with Galileo, sending him an essay disputing the Copernican system. Galileo later stated that he believed this essay to have been instrumental in the action against Copernicanism that followed. According to Maurice Finocchiaro, Ingoli had probably been commissioned by the Inquisition to write an expert opinion on the controversy, and the essay provided the "chief direct basis" for the Inquisition's actions."

"The essay focused on eighteen physical and mathematical arguments against heliocentrism. It borrowed primarily from the arguments of Tycho Brahe, and it notedly mentioned Brahe's argument that heliocentrism required the stars to be much larger than the Sun. Ingoli wrote that the great distance to the stars in the heliocentric theory "clearly proves ... the fixed stars to be of such size, as they may surpass or equal the size of the orbit circle of the Earth itself."  "

Galileo Galilei - Wikipedia

Words Have Two Meanings, Angel Wings.

Talking To You - Daryl Hall

"Opposition to heliocentrism and Galileo's writings combined religious and scientific objections and were fueled by political events. Scientific opposition came from Tycho Brahe and others, and arose from the fact that, if heliocentrism were true, an annual stellar parallax should be observed, though none was. Copernicus had correctly postulated that parallax was negligible because the stars were so distant. However, Brahe had countered that, since stars appeared to have measurable size, if the stars were that distant, they would be gigantic, and in fact far larger than the Sun or any other celestial body. In Brahe's system, by contrast, the stars were a little more distant than Saturn, and the Sun and stars were comparable in size."

Galileo Galilei - Wikipedia




It's - Arium... - Arium, Who?

"While the fact that we base planetarium projectors on the Ptolemaic model of the universe that was developed almost 2,000 years ago may seem impressive, a better test of the model is how long the model was accepted by society. In this case, the Ptolemaic model was not seriously challenged for over 1,300 years. When and why it finally needed to be replaced will be described in the next subunit."

The Ptolemaic Model


The Celestial Bodies might not be what you think. These lights might be some kind of electrical sprite.

Atmospheric electricity - Wikipedia

Sprite (lightning)


Sprite (computer graphics)

St. Elmo's fire - Wikipedia


Pictures at Eleven - Wikipedia




This is the real WMD of the 20th century that our parents and grandparents had to pay for.

11 o'clock number - Wikipedia

The 11 O'Clock Show - Wikipedia

Late-night news - Wikipedia

CBS 2 News at 11 p.m. « CBS New York

CBS 2 - Wikipedia

WWOR-TV - Wikipedia

WPIX - Wikipedia

WATCH LIVE: PIX11 News special - New York's PIX11

"Late-night local newscasts are traditionally broadcast at 11:00 p.m. local time on owned-and-operated stations and affiliates of the Big Three television networks (CBS, NBC and ABC); the major Spanish language networks (Univision and Telemundo); and in some markets, O&Os and affiliates of Fox, affiliates of The CW and MyNetworkTV, and certain independent stations in the United States; and of CTV, Global and in a few markets, CBC Television, in Canada that are located in the Eastern and Pacific Time Zones. In contrast, stations in the Central, Mountain, Alaska and Hawaii–Aleutian Time Zones air their final local newscasts of the day at 10:00 p.m. local time, with stations in other time zones following their own schedules."

"Late local newscasts are typically scheduled in-between a network's prime time and late night programming, allowing for a sizeable lead-in audience for the newscasts. Stations that are affiliated with Fox, The CW, MyNetworkTV, or that are independent stations tend to air their late newscasts at 10:00 p.m. in the Eastern and Pacific zones and 9:00 p.m. in the Central and Mountain zones; in these time zones, the earlier news is often marketed as a "prime time" newscast, as they air in the time period traditionally occupied by the final hour of prime time programming on the longer established "Big Three" networks. In many U.S. markets, although not always the case with every such station, a television station affiliated with one of the post-1986 broadcast networks or operates as an independent station has their late newscast produced by a Big Three station through a news share agreement or by way of a duopoly arrangement."

"Prime time newscasts are not as common in other countries, for example in Canada, only Global carries newscasts in that time period on its owned-and-operated stations in the Central and Mountain Time Zones. In countries outside of North America (such as the United Kingdom and Australia), depending on the network, the late evening newscast may either be a national or local program or both."


"Late evening local newscasts generally run between 35 minutes (for Big Three affiliates) to 60 minutes (in Canada and on some larger non-Big Three stations in the U.S.) in length; some non-Big Three stations (most commonly, those affiliated with Fox and some larger independent stations) have late newscasts that run as long as 90 minutes, in the form of two separate newscasts (one at 10:00/9:00 p.m. and the other at 11:00/10:00); smaller stations not affiliated with the Big Three may have newscasts fit within a 30-minute timeslot. Prior to the 1960s, the typical late-night newscast lasted a mere 15 minutes; this short-form late local news is still common on local owned-and-operated stations of CBC Television, which airs The National as its hour-long late-night news program across Canada. Late local news is commonplace in Canada in part due to the ease in which it can be produced to meet the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission's domestic content quotas."

"Many of the stories that are shown on late evening newscasts are follow-ups of ones airing earlier in the day, including scores from the evening's sporting events, reports from governmental meetings, and (when occurring) election results, along with any breaking news stories that occurred earlier in the evening before the start of the program. "

"For those following a half-hour or longer format, the first segment may be set at eleven minutes,"

Life In a Film Reel with 20th Century iPads

"When 2001: A Space Odyssey was written, mankind had not yet set foot on the moon. The space exploration programs in the United States and the Soviet Union were only in the early stages. Much room was left to imagine the future of the space program. Space Odyssey offers one such vision, offering a glimpse at what space exploration might one day become. Lengthy journeys, such as manned flights to Saturn, and advanced technologies, such as suspended animation, are described in the novel."

"In the film, Discovery's mission is to Jupiter, not Saturn. Kubrick used Jupiter because he and special effects supervisor Douglas Trumbull could not decide on what they considered to be a convincing model of Saturn's rings for the film.[10] Clarke went on to replace Saturn with Jupiter in the novel's sequel 2010: Odyssey Two. Trumbull later developed a more convincing image of Saturn for his own directorial debut Silent Running."

2001: A Space Odyssey (novel) - Wikipedia


Saturn: The Time Lord, God of Government and Commerce Lord of The Banking Ring That Circles The Globe



Are You Allegorically Asleep In a Newsreel?

"...a few minutes longer than that of a newscast aired earlier in the day. Half-hour late newscasts often focus more on local stories and special features than on national and international news, which are more commonly covered in more detail on hour-long newscasts, especially those airing in prime time, or when a major news story occurs. Late evening news programs also routinely feature long-form feature segments ranging from investigative reports to stories focusing on socioeconomic issues and even occasional interviews. Being aired after the watershed, late newscasts also have more regulatory freedom to cover stories of a more violent, profane or sexual nature compared to daytime and early-evening newscasts.
The stock phrase "film at 11" comes from the term once used to close promos for the upcoming newscast that air during prime time programming, promising shots from a breaking story during the 11:00 p.m. newscast. However, it has gone out of the television lexicon; technological advances in remote broadcasting have made transporting film back to the station for editing before broadcast a thing of the past (the phrase has since been replaced with similar ones along the lines of "story at 11:00" or "details at 11:00").


Late-night talk show - Wikipedia


The NEWS terrorizes the audience in between sports, weather, advertisements and entertainment segments. The Late Night comedian comes on-air afterwards to reinforce all the headlines of the day. Saturday Night Live and all the rest of most of the comedic product tend to simply reinforce Governmental propaganda of one kind or another. Very few comedians really "tell it like it is" and when they do, the truth tends to be somewhat obscured by the references to mainstream media memes. If the performer wants to keep getting hired, they will tailor their act to what the people doing the hiring require.

The comedian who comes on after the News is like a Get Smart secret agent working for the Government, whether they know it or not. 


The Sun (and the other celestial phenomena) might be best described as the result of a rotating magnetic field-like effect around the Earth. Modern Astronomy is a joke. Modern Astronomy has to twist itself into an illogical pretzel to explain the lack of any real stellar parallax, (the official explanation is nonsense and in a future article I will explain why I make this statement). Basically Astronomy is not much different than the mystical Astrology from which it sprang. Astrology gets rebranded to become Astronomy and both are based in fantasy. The so-called parallax that astronomers claims to measure is not what it seems. In fact it ignore all rational explanation in favor of mathematical sleight of hand model work and a whole lot of mental massaging. This parallax is more minute than most realize and is fudged. It is the margin of error, so to speak. These "theories" ignore demonstrable things like the difference between sidereal and solar time. Again, this is subject of a future article that will be coming soon.

for example: : skinny right triangles

Video 3 Uncovering the Missing Secrets of Magnetism.

download the book FREE on archive.org, any torrent site, or www.kathodos.com/magnetism.pdf 3rd EDITION due out next month

All Celestial Phenomena Seems To Be Better Explained as a result of Natural Radio Waves or An Electrical Aether Type of Phenomena

"The ionosphere  is a region of Earth's upper atmosphere, from about 60 km (37 mi) to 1,000 km (620 mi) altitude, and includes the thermosphere and parts of the mesosphere and exosphere. It is ionized by solar radiation, plays an important part in atmospheric electricity and forms the inner edge of the magnetosphere. It has practical importance because, among other functions, it influences radio propagation to distant places on the Earth."

Ionosphere - Wikipedia



It Can Be Like Trying To Play Charades With The Blind

Columbo - One More Thing - My Wife (Pilot Episodes)


"The presence of new neurons in the adult hippocampus indicates that this structure incorporates new neurons into its circuitry and uses them for some function related to learning and/or related thought processes. Their generation depends on a variety of factors ranging from age to aerobic exercise to sexual behavior to alcohol consumption. However, most of the cells will die unless the animal engages in some kind of effortful learning experience when the cells are about one week of age. If learning does occur, the new cells become incorporated into brain circuits used for learning. In turn, some processes of learning and mental activity appear to depend on their presence. In this review, we discuss the now rather extensive literature showing that new neurons are kept alive by effortful learning, a process that involves concentration in the present moment of experience over some extended period of time. As these thought processes occur, endogenous patterns of rhythmic electrophysiological activity engage the new cells with cell networks that already exist in the hippocampus and at efferent locations. Concurrent and synchronous activity provides a mechanism whereby the new neurons become integrated with the other neurons. This integration allows the present experience to become integrated with memories from the recent past in order to learn and predict when events will occur in the near future. In this way, neurogenesis and learning interact to maintain a fit brain."  


Use it or lose it: how neurogenesis keeps the brain fit for learning.

"Cannabinoids promote embryonic and adult hippocampus neurogenesis and produce anxiolytic- and antidepressant-like effects"


Cannabinoids promote embryonic and adult ... - NCBI - NIH

"If we were dealing with high voltage electricity, like in the case of actual lightning, or in the spark plugs in your car, we would be able to just have the energy transfer across the gap as a spark or small lightning bolt... but the voltage in a firing neuron is on the order of 30-70 millivolts (where 1 millivolt is 1/1000th of a volt) and, by comparison, the electricity from a common house outlet is around 120 volts (or 220V in Europe), and a bolt of lightning can discharge up to hundreds of millions of volts (of course how much current is flowing is a factor as well, but we don't need to go into that right now). Despite this low differential voltage in "firing" neurons, the cells have found a way to transmit the signal across the gap (synapse), and they do this by converting electricity into a chemical signal that we call neurotransmitters. When the voltage difference across the membrane of the axon reaches the terminal it opens voltage operated channels (like opening the doors on a submarine) and calcium ions flood into the cell. The calcium then causes a chain reaction that ultimately causes molecules of neurotransmitters (which can be anything from amino acids to gases like nitric oxide) to be released into the synapse. These chemicals then act on receptors on the post-synaptic cell to open its own channels (more submarine doors) that let positively charged ions (usually sodium ions) flow into the cell, thus changing the membrane potential (the voltage difference) that opens more channels down the line, ultimately creating an electric current that flows down the axon like a wire. The process is repeated from neuron to neuron until the signal reaches its ultimate target or is inhibited by something else.  Alas, however, there are never any lightning bolts, not even a little spark."

Cortical Hemming and Hawing: Lightning Bolts in the Brain

"An electrical synapse is a mechanical and electrically conductive link between two neighboring neurons that is formed at a narrow gap between the pre- and postsynaptic neurons known as a gap junction. At gap junctions, such cells approach within about 3.5 nm of each other,[1] a much shorter distance than the 20- to 40-nanometer distance that separates cells at chemical synapse.[2] In many animals, electrical synapse-based systems co-exist with chemical synapses."

"Compared to chemical synapses, electrical synapses conduct nerve impulses faster, but, unlike chemical synapses, they lack gain—the signal in the postsynaptic neuron is the same or smaller than that of the originating neuron. Electrical synapses are often found in neural systems that require the fastest possible response, such as defensive reflexes. An important characteristic of electrical synapses is that they are mostly bidirectional (allow impulse transmission in either direction)."

Electrical synapse - Wikipedia

Hey "Sparky" can I read your radio waving aether thoughts?

"A spark-gap transmitter is a device that generates radio frequency electromagnetic waves using a spark gap."

"Spark gap transmitters were the first devices to demonstrate practical radio transmission, and were the standard technology for the first three decades of radio (1887–1916). Later, more efficient transmitters were developed based on rotary machines like the high-speed Alexanderson alternators and the static Poulsen Arc generators.[1]

Most operators, however, still preferred spark transmitters because of their uncomplicated design and because the carrier wave (carrier) stopped when the telegraph key was released, which let the operator "listen through" for a reply. With other types of transmitter, the carrier could not be controlled so easily, and they required elaborate measures to modulate the carrier and to prevent transmitter leakage from de-sensitizing the receiver.

After WWI, greatly improved transmitters based on vacuum tubes became available, which overcame these problems, and by the late 1920s the only spark transmitters still in regular operation were "legacy" installations on naval vessels. Even when vacuum tube based transmitters had been installed, many vessels retained their crude but reliable spark transmitters as an emergency backup. However, by 1940, the technology was no longer used for communication. Use of the spark-gap transmitter led to many radio operators being nicknamed "Sparks" long after they ceased using spark transmitters. Even today, the German verb funken, literally, "to spark," also means "to send a radio message or signal."

Spark-gap transmitter - Wikipedia

Macrocosm and microcosm - Wikipedia



The Big Hand is like The Sun and The Little Hand is Like The Moon And The Earth is in The Middle