A Proper Gander At Propaganda

Truth Transcends Community

"Propaganda in the United States is spread by both government and media entities. Propaganda is information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to influence opinions. It's used in advertising, radio, newspaper, posters, books, television, and other media."  -  Propaganda in the United States - Wikipedia

"A man without a government is like a fish without a bicycle.” Alvaro Koplovich

Article index

Burning Buildings: It's Raining Men!

 

The Mythology of America - A New Atlantis is Exposed

 

Happy 4th of July 1893!

"The Fair's single largest event, held on July 4, 1893, didn't include a single woman speaker. In response, five women from the National Woman Suffrage Association stormed the Independence Day program and handed a copy of their Declaration of Rights for Women to the chairman of the event. Women in the United States wouldn't get the vote until nearly three decades later with the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920."

"I recently spent half a year looking at the 1962-63 TV show "The Jetsons," arguably one of the most important TV shows of the 20th century for its use as a cultural touchstone about the future. And the Chicago World's Fair presaged one of its key creations nearly 75 years before it went on the air."

"You may recall that the Jetson family is kind of lazy. Machines do all their work for them, and there are moving sidewalks absolutely everywhere. But contrary to the assumptions of many people who grew up with "The Jetsons" and real-world moving sidewalks in places like airports, this promise of the future predates that mid-century cartoon family. In fact, the electric moving sidewalk made its debut at the 1893 Fair.

The illustration above comes from the 1890 proposal by Alfred Speer for a moving sidewalk. Speer patented the idea two decades earlier, but his "movable pavement" wouldn't see the light of day until Chicago took up its cause.

An 1890 issue of Scientific American explained just how Speer’s system might work:

These belts were to be made up of a series of small platform railway cars strung together. The first line of belts was to run at a slow velocity, say 3 miles per hour, and upon this slow belt of moving pavement, passengers were expected to step without difficulty. The next adjoining belt was intended to have a velocity of 6 miles per hour, but its speed, in reference to the first belt, would be only 3 miles per hour. Each separate line of belt was thus to have a different speed from the adjacent one; and thus the passenger might, by stepping from one platform to another, increase or diminish his rate of transit at will. Seats were to be placed at convenient points on the traveling platforms.

Somewhat strangely, few photographs of the 1893 moving sidewalk that was actually built in Chicago remain in existence. Below is the only photo I've been able to find of the moving walkway at the 1893 World's Fair. Sadly, I've never seen a photo with people actually using it."

Where the Future Came From: A Trip Through the 1893 Chicago ...

 

A Fiery July Flashback: July 10, 1893

"The July 10, 1893 World's Columbian Expo Cold Storage Fire and its Unknown Victim. On the afternoon of Monday, July 10, 1893, four Chicago firemen, eight firemen hired by the Columbian Exposition and three civilians lost their lives in a fiery inferno that was the cold storage building"

The July 10, 1893 World's Columbian Expo Cold Storage Fire and its ...

 

A Columbian Fair of Towering Global Babel: Just A High End Side Show

Electrically enhanced and enchanted bread & circus for all!

EXPO – Magic of the White City (Narrated by Gene Wilder)  source: Great Documentaries

 

A Silence Falls Over The Crowd:

"A silence fell over the crowd when a lone figure jumped from the 70 foot ledge and frantically reached for the hose that extended down to the roof.  He managed to only grab it with one hand but managed to hold on.  He slid down the hose into what seemed like a hopeless wall of fire that extended all the way down to the roof. He miraculously emerged from the flame with his clothes on fire but still holding the hose.  He managed to make it to the roof and to the north side of the building where he was lowered to the ground. He was John Davis of the fire company stationed on the Midway Plaisance. A split second can mean the difference between life and death in any fire but almost a certainty in a fire of this magnitude. Unfortunately, firefighter Davis’s comrades hesitated and the hose that could have been a life line for a select few was consumed by the flames and burned in half. Spectators could see the figure of Captain James Fitzpatrick who was assigned to Engine Co. 2 and also Assistant Chief of Battalion 14 of the CFD. He seemed to be issuing order to the men and one- by-one they started shimmying along the ledge of the tower to the north side which seemed to offer a few more precious seconds from the fire’s reach."

http://www.chicagonow.com/chicago-history-cop/2014/07/the-july-10-1893-worlds-columbian-expo-cold-storage-fire-and-its-unknown-victim/

 

Like The Tower Tarot Card: You Will Believe That Men Can Fall From The Sky

 

September 11, 1893

"The 1893 Parliament of the World’s Religions, which ran from September 11 to September 27, marked the first formal gathering of representatives of Eastern and Western spiritual traditions from around the world. According to Eric J. Sharpe, Tomoko Masuzawa, and others, the event was considered radical at the time, since it allowed non-Christian faiths to speak on their own behalf; it was not taken seriously by European scholars until the 1960s."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World%27s_Columbian_Exposition#Religions

 

A 20th Century Televised Side Show

Larry Griswold: world's greatest comedy diver co-inventor of the trampoline

larry griswold  source: ishofman

The Unknown Stuntman & Death Defying Monkey Business

"The earliest stunt performers were travelling entertainers and circus performers, particularly trained gymnasts and acrobats. The origin of the original name, the French language word cascadeur, may have derived from the requirement to fall in a sequence of movements during a scene or stunt involving water (Cascade is the French language term for waterfall)[1]

Later, in the German and Dutch circus use of the word Kaskadeur, it meant performing a sequential series of daring leaps and jumps without injury to the performer. This acrobatic discipline required long training in the ring and perfect body control to present a sensational performance to the public.[4]

The word stunt was more formally adopted during the 19th century travelling vaudeville performances of the early Wild West Shows, in North America and Europe. The first and prototypical wild west show was Buffalo Bill's, formed in 1883 and lasting until 1913. The shows which involved simulated battles with the associated firing of both guns and arrows, were a romanticized version of the American Old West."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stunt_performer

Stage combat

 

An American Dream Come True

"Robert “Spanky” Spangler has been regarded as one of America’s greatest professional daredevils for over four decades. He began performing stunts at the age of 12, and by his teenage years, he was sneaking onto Hollywood film lots to try to meet the stunt guys and learn how to become one of them. Taking the advice of renowned stuntman Ronnie Rondell, Spangler joined the army when he was 18, hoping that the training would help him become a better stuntman. At the height of the Vietnam War, Spangler distinguished himself as a Green Beret in the elite 101st Airborne 2/502 Infantry division, the famed “Screaming Eagles,” learning how to jump out of helicopters and how to survive–two useful skills for a professional daredevil.

After returning stateside from Vietnam, Spangler worked in Hollywood, performing stunts for Westerns and other movies, and had a fateful meeting with a young, rising star named Evel Knievel. Knievel inspired Spangler to leave Hollywood and begin touring the country, performing stunts for live crowds. It was the heyday of the motorcycle-jumping craze, and live telecast stunt events were increasingly popular. Spanky traveled the country  performing high falls at fairs, racetracks and stadiums alongside all of the great motorcycle jumpers of the era, including Knievel, Bob Gill, Gary Wells and Eddie Kidd.

In the four decades since Spangler began touring and performing live events, he has survived more than 22,000 stunts and set 24 world records, including distance records for jumping a car 328 feet on land and another record for jumping a car 232 feet into water. He has soared over the Rio Grande in a rocket-propelled truck, jumped 120 feet out of a hot air balloon into an air bag and jumped out of a helicopter into the bed of an 18-wheeler moving at 45 mph. Such feats have taken Spangler around the globe 16 times and made him a daredevil legend. He continues to travel the open roads of America, performing stunts for live audiences alongside his son, Bryan. For Spangler, being a professional daredevil embodies what this country is all about: the freedom to pursue the American dream."

http://css.history.com/shows/american-daredevils/cast/spanky-spangler

 

A New World Motor Dome Is Born: A Cultured Wall of Death Is Created

Great Holy Roman Bread & Circus - Technology Used To Entertain

"Ah….Coney Island, 1911, a time when the smell of motor oil began to intermingle with the scents of popcorn on the carnival midway. The reason? Moto driven side show attractions, from Monkeys driving cars to men on motorcycles. One of the most thrilling of those side show attractions? The “Wall of Death”."

"The Wall of Death, or motordrome, originated as sloped wooden tracks for bicycle racing. As happens with transportation progress, once motors were introduced, the Wall of Death grew faster, taller and more daring. The concept started in the early 1900s with the first carnival motordrome track at Coney Island in New York. Within a year, portable tracks became a staple at traveling carnivals, carrying the entertainment across the country. By 1915, the silodrome, which had 90 degree vertical walls, was introduced and by the 1930s, there were more than 100 of the tracks criss crossing the US as carnival and amusement park sideshow entertainment. Motorcycle and small car stunt drivers, using centrifugal force, began on the silodrome floor, driving in circles at higher and higher speeds until climbing the walls, offering death defying entertainment to audiences who were watching from above."

"Wall of Death riders may have been adrenaline junkies before the phrase “adrenaline junkie” even existed. “Suicide” Bob Perry’s first career was with the motor squad of the New York Police Department. He must have needed more excitement. Not only did he become the ringleader of what was to become one of the first Wall of Death troupes that many people would ever see, but he was also most well known for “raising the hair of the crowd when he careened around without holding the handle-bar.” Bob Perry was joined on the wall by Fearless Billy Ward, whose specialty was his “dips of death”. As he circled the wall at top speeds, Billy Ward would travel up the wall to just below the safety line and then dip, almost instantly, to just above the floor before shooting up the wall again."

"Never be mistaken in thinking that all the Wall of Death daredevils were men. Long before the era of Women’s Liberation, fearless motorcycle riding women had earned their place on the Wall of Death among the men. Women like “Suicide” Bob Perry’s sister, Marion, were just as death defying as he was. Every bit the equal to her male counterparts on the wall, Marion has been described as having “pluck and daring” while appearing to be “charming and kindly”

"More than just daredevils, “Suicide” Bob Perry and his band of daring riders were nomads as well. Having toured the US with his death defying motorcycle antics, Perry eventually gathered together his trio for the purpose of touring overseas. For many years, as one more than 20 amusements in the Coney Island traveling amusement park, Bob and Marion Perry, joined be Fearless Billy Ward, toured England, France, Germany, and eventually South Africa. Pioneers of their attraction, their time in South Africa was met with rave reviews as they brought the Wall of Death to many towns that had never seen anything like it before."

Daredevils of the Wall of Death - Two Lanes Blog - Antique Archaeology

 

July 10, 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition Cold Storage Fire Should be the Origin of “Murphy’s Law”

"122 years ago today, Chicago experienced the largest loss of fire-fighters in the 19th Century and it happened on the grounds of the 1893 World’s Columbian Exposition in Jackson Park."

"The building known as the Cold Storage Building was not an exhibit building per se but was more of a vendor building where any exhibitor or concessionaire who needed to keep something refrigerated could store their wares. While it wasn’t technically an exhibit, fairgoers could take a tour of the building and on the 5th floor there was actually an indoor ice skating rink!"

"In the early afternoon of July 10, 1893 a fire started once again and the once again the fire crews of  the World’s Columbian Fire Department, Columbian Guard and Chicago Fire Department were called to the scene.

It appeared at first that the fire was under control as over 30,000 spectators gathered and started cheering for the fire crews.  An explosion of ammonia tanks interrupted the applause and the firemen who had scaled the tower were now trapped between a fire above and fire below. Hoses and ropes were burning quickly the many were forced to jump over 100 feet onto the burning roof below.  While some had miraculously survived the final death toll came to 15.  Eight World’s Fair firefighters, four Chicago Firefighters and three civilians died that day which made it the largest loss of Chicago firefighters in a single fire up to that point in time."

July 10, 1893 World's Columbian Exposition Cold Storage Fire Should ...

Hotpoint fridge freezer sparked Grenfell Tower fire - The Telegraph

 

Side Show Cartoon Fun: You Will Believe Elephants Can Fly

Dumbo Clown Scene  source: Dumbo Lover

 

1893: Celebrating Four Centuries of Building A New Atlantis

"The World's Columbian Exposition (the official shortened name for the World's Fair: Columbian Exposition,[1] also known as the Chicago World's Fair and Chicago Columbian Exposition) was a world's fair held in Chicago in 1893 to celebrate the 400th anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the New World in 1492.[2] The centerpiece of the Fair, the large water pool, represented the long voyage Columbus took to the New World. Chicago bested New York City; Washington, D.C.; and St. Louis for the honor of hosting the fair. The Exposition was an influential social and cultural event and had a profound effect on architecture, sanitation, the arts, Chicago's self-image, and American industrial optimism."

"The fair opened in May and ran through October 30, 1893. Forty-six nations participated in the fair (it was the first world's fair to have national pavilions), constructing exhibits and pavilions and naming national "delegates" (for example, Haiti selected Frederick Douglass to be its delegate). The Exposition drew nearly 26 million visitors. The fair was originally meant to be closed on Sundays, but the Chicago Woman's Club petitioned that it stay open. The club felt that if the exposition was closed on Sunday, it would restrict those who could not take off work during the work-week from seeing it. 

The exposition was located in Jackson Park and on the Midway Plaisance on 630 acres (2.5 km2) in the neighborhoods of South Shore, Jackson Park Highlands, Hyde Park and Woodlawn. Charles H. Wacker was the Director of the Fair. The layout of the fairgrounds was created by Frederick Law Olmsted, and the Beaux-Arts architecture of the buildings was under the direction of Daniel Burnham, Director of Works for the fair. Renowned local architect Henry Ives Cobb designed several buildings for the exposition. The Director of the American Academy in Rome, Francis Davis Millet, directed the painted mural decorations. Indeed, it was a coming-of-age for the arts and architecture of the "American Renaissance", and it showcased the burgeoning neoclassical and Beaux-Arts styles."

World's Columbian Exposition - Wikipedia

 

"New Atlantis and other writings of Bacon inspired the formation of the Royal Society."

"In recent years, New Atlantis influenced B.F. Skinner's 1948 Walden Two."

"Walden Two is a utopian novel written by behavioral psychologist B. F. Skinner, first published in 1948. In its time, it could have been considered science fiction, since science-based methods for altering people's behavior did not yet exist  Such methods are now known as applied behavior analysis.

Walden Two is controversial because its characters speak of a rejection of free will, including a rejection of the proposition that human behavior is controlled by a non-corporeal entity, such as a spirit or a soul. Walden Two embraces the proposition that the behavior of organisms, including humans, is determined by environmental variables and that systematically altering environmental variables can generate a sociocultural system that very closely approximates utopia."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walden_Two

http://www.ditext.com/packard/persuaders.pdf

 

New Atlantis = New World

"New Atlantis is an incomplete utopian novel by Sir Francis Bacon, published in 1627. In this work, Bacon portrayed a vision of the future of human discovery and knowledge, expressing his aspirations and ideals for humankind. The novel depicts the creation of a utopian land where "generosity and enlightenment, dignity and splendour, piety and public spirit" are the commonly held qualities of the inhabitants of the mythical Bensalem. The plan and organisation of his ideal college, Salomon's House (or Solomon's House), envisioned the modern research university in both applied and pure sciences."

"This novel may have been Bacon's vision for a Utopian New World in North America."

"In it he depicted a land where there would be freedom of religion – showing a Jew treated fairly and equally in an island of Christians, but it has been debated whether this work had influenced others reforms, such as greater rights for women, the abolition of slavery, elimination of debtors' prisons, separation of church and state, and freedom of political expression, although there is no hint of these reforms in The New Atlantis itself. "

"His propositions of legal reform (which were not established in his lifetime), though, are considered to have been one of the influences behind the Napoleonic Code and therefore could show some resemblance with or influence in the drafting of other liberal constitutions that came in the centuries after Bacon's lifetime, such as the American Constitution."

"Francis Bacon played a leading role in creating the English colonies, especially in Virginia, the Carolinas, and Newfoundland in northeastern Canada. His government report on "The Virginia Colony" was submitted in 1609. In 1610 Bacon and his associates received a charter from the king to form the Tresurer and the Companye of Adventurers and planter of the Cittye of London and Bristoll for the Collonye or plantacon in Newfoundland[12] and sent John Guy to found a colony there. In 1910 Newfoundland issued a postage stamp to commemorate Bacon's role in establishing the province. The stamp describes Bacon as "the guiding spirit in colonization scheme" of 1610.[13] Moreover, some scholars believe he was largely responsible for the drafting, in 1609 and 1612, of two charters of government for the Virginia Colony.[14] Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States and author of the Declaration of Independence, wrote: "Bacon, Locke and Newton. I consider them as the three greatest men that have ever lived, without any exception, and as having laid the foundation of those superstructures which have been raised in the Physical and Moral sciences".[15] Historian and biographer William Hepworth Dixon considered that Bacon's name could be included in the list of Founders of the United States of America.[16]

It is also believed by the Rosicrucian organisation AMORC that Bacon would have influenced a settlement of mystics in North America, stating that The New Atlantis inspired a colony of Rosicrucians led by Johannes Kelpius to journey across the Atlantic Ocean in a chartered vessel called Sarah Mariah, and move on to Pennsylvania in the late 17th century. According to their claims, these Rosicrucian communities "made valuable contributions to the newly emerging American culture in the fields of printing, philosophy, the sciences and arts"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Atlantis

 

A New Atlantis Vision of An Old World Order

"In the last third of the book, the Head of the Salomon's House takes one of the European visitors to show him all the scientific background of Salomon's House, where experiments are conducted in Baconian method to understand and conquer nature, and to apply the collected knowledge to the betterment of society. Namely: 1) the end of their foundation; 2) the preparations they have for their works; 3) the several employments and functions whereto their fellows are assigned; 4) and the ordinances and rites which they observe.

He portrayed a vision of the future of human discovery and knowledge. The plan and organisation of his ideal college, "Salomon's House", envisioned the modern research university in both applied and pure science.

The end of their foundation is thus described: "The end of our foundation is the knowledge of causes, and secret motions of things; and the enlarging of the bounds of human empire, to the effecting of all things possible". "

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Atlantis

Royal Society

 
 

Making A World Fair & Equal Rights

Technology Is Used To Change Culture & Social Roles In Many Ways

"How Yesterday's Feminists Invented the Food of the Future"

"When the World's Fair opened in 1893, equal rights for women was still a futuristic dream. American women couldn't vote and were relegated to the margins of public life. But the times they were slowly changing. Prominent women spoke at the Fair about a number of issues, including women's right icon Susan B. Anthony, labor rights reformer Florence Kelley, and abolitionist Julia Ward Howe.

When the Chicago World's Fair was funded through Congress, money was specifically allocated to make sure that women were represented. As Susan Wels explains in her 2003 paper about the role of women at the 1893 and 1915 World's Fairs, futuristic technology was seen as a liberating force for many middle class American women at the time:

By authorizing and funding the Chicago fair's Board of Lady Managers [in 1893], Congress was in fact recognizing the increasingly organized and influential role of women in American society. New technologies such as domestic plumbing, canning, commercial ice production, and the sewing machine had freed middle-class women from many household tasks, and more and more women were entering college and the professions. Many, including upper-class and professional women, were also joining social reform groups, and these women's organizations had, in turn, organized to increase their visibility and influence.

It was during a series of articles published in the lead up to the Fair that suffragist Mary E. Lease explained how the future of food would liberate women from the drudgery of cooking and cleaning. Writing in an article that would appear in newspapers throughout the U.S. in the spring of 1893, Lease spoke of future technology as a fantastic thing, with meal pills (or "small phials") helping alleviate many problems of the modern woman:

Agriculture will be developed by electricity, the motive power of the future. Science will take in condensed form from the rich loam of earth the life force or germs now found in the heart of the corn, the kernel of the wheat, the luscious juice of the fruits. A small phial of this life from the fertile bosom of mother earth will furnish man with subsistence for days, and thus the problems of cooks and cooking will be solved. The slaughter of animals, the appetite for flesh meat that has left the world reeking with blood and bestialized humanity, will be one of the shuddering horrors of the past. Slaughter houses, butcher shops and cattle pens will be converted into conservatories and beds of bloom.

Despite the presence of prominent women at the Fair, there were still some important slights. The Fair's single largest event, held on July 4, 1893, didn't include a single woman speaker. In response, five women from the National Woman Suffrage Association stormed the Independence Day program and handed a copy of their Declaration of Rights for Women to the chairman of the event. Women in the United States wouldn't get the vote until nearly three decades later with the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution in 1920."

"Clothing Cut By Electricity"

"Admittedly, there are dozens of technologies, people, ideas and generally futuristic spectacles that were present at the Fair that I'm not even aware of. Sometimes I'll see hints of something—like the sign "Clothing Cut By Electricity" in the photo above—and wonder what the specifics of that display must have been. How did those machines work? How did people react when they saw them for the first time? What did they sound like? 

This, my friends, is why I need that time machine. It's great to read about the Fair, gaze at photos, and watch documentaries—but there's just no substitute for being there. A photo can't capture the feeling in the air; the smell of chugging machines, the breeze off Lake Michigan, and the stench of 19th century human body odor. Anyone who tells you that looking at photographs is just like time travel is a liar. Time travel is just like time travel, and should you ever find anything close to Doc Brown's machine, please drop me a line. We can go hang out with Jesus, right after we make a quick stop at the 1893 Chicago World's Fair."

https://paleofuture.gizmodo.com/where-the-future-came-from-a-trip-through-the-1893-chi-743942247

 

A New American Tall Tale Told By Professional Multimedia Side Show Carnival Barkers

 

Worlds Fair Hotel Murders

"Herman Webster Mudgett (May 16, 1861 – May 7, 1896), better known under the name of Dr. Henry Howard Holmes or more commonly H. H. Holmes, was one of the first documented serial killers in the modern sense of the term. 

While he confessed to 27 murders, only nine could be plausibly confirmed and several of the people who he confessed to murdering were still alive. He is commonly said to have killed as many as 200, though this figure is traceable only to 1940s pulp magazines.[5] Many victims were said to have been killed in a mixed-use building he owned, located about 3 miles (4.8 km) west of the 1893 Chicago World's Fair and said to have been a World's Fair Hotel, though evidence suggests that the hotel portion was never truly open for business. 

Besides being a serial killer, Holmes was also a successful con artist and a bigamist, the subject of more than 50 lawsuits in Chicago alone."

"Many now-common stories of his crimes sprang from fictional accounts that later authors took for fact; however, in a 2017 biography, Adam Selzer wrote that Holmes' story is "effectively a new American tall tale - and, like all the best tall tales, it sprang from a kernel of truth". "

H. H. Holmes - Wikipedia

 

America’s First Serial Con Man, Magic Theme Castle, Killer: A Yellow Journal Tall Tale Disneyland Man

H.H. Holmes - America's First Serial Killer  source:  InformOverload 

 

A Yellow Blueprint To Culture: Manufacturing Modern Mythology

"Joseph Campbell describes yellow press newspapers as having daily multi-column front-page headlines covering a variety of topics, such as sports and scandal, using bold layouts (with large illustrations and perhaps color), heavy reliance on unnamed sources, and unabashed self-promotion. The term was extensively used to describe certain major New York City newspapers around 1900 as they battled for circulation.

Frank Luther Mott identifies yellow journalism based on five characteristics:

scare headlines in huge print, often of minor news

lavish use of pictures, or imaginary drawings

use of faked interviews, misleading headlines, pseudoscience, and a parade of false learning from so-called experts

emphasis on full-color Sunday supplements, usually with comic strips

dramatic sympathy with the "underdog" against the system."

Yellow journalism - Wikipedia

 

Uncle Scam's Big Columbian National Pride Party

July 4, 1893: Crafting Patriotic Citizen Culture

"Uncle Sam gave a birthday party yesterday. Since May began he has been busy showing the world how a country should honor the name of its discoverer. But yesterday Spain’s colors were forgotten. Amierica’s banners were unfurled to the breezes. Amid the splendor that has sprung into being at the will of modern progress as a tribute to the undying fame of a fearless Genoese sailor he taught the assembled nations how such a republic as his should celebrate its birth and hold the great and good who stood as its sponsors at its baptism of blood. In his long and honorable career the old gentleman has seen fit to extend invitations to functions, but never before have they been sent to the uttermost parts of the earth,and never before has the prowess, art,and civilization of a universe united to do him homage.

The domes and spires of the city of dreams have looked down upon many a fair and goodly spectacle, but never on a more significant gathering or one more replete with hopeful promise for the future of the American people than that which responded to his summons. Whatever satisfaction Uncle Sam may have taken in the presence of his foreign guests, however sweet their praises may have sounded in his ears, whatever he may have felt in seeing his own starry colors floating high above flags of all nations dipped in deference to “Old Glory’s” red, white, and blue, it was the great throng of his own people that touched his prIde most nearly."

Chicago Tribune, July 5, 1893

"And His Eagle Screamed."

"Their acclamations and shouts of patriotic enthusiasm must have been to the homely fellow in the old-fashioned hat (which, by the way, not even royalty’s condescension can induce him to change for one of newer style) melody more harmonious even than that of the stirring airs he has good reason to love. To few hosts are given the unalloyed happiness in their own festivities. What wonder if the fierce old bird he has chosen to make a pet screamed so loud that the big eagle over the main entrance to the Manufactures Building heard him and felt an impulse in his plaster to swell the chorus. It was a day for noise. A day, too, for heartfelt thanksgiving and the renewing old vows of loyalty. To the more thoughtful among those who celebrated at Jackson Park the Nation’s natal day the assembling of such a multitude at such a tine meant but one thing. It set the seal of a great Nation’s approval on the ringing words emblazoned on the beautiful arch of the peristyle in the White City: 

We here highly resolve that government of thae People, by the people, and for the people shall, not perish from the earth.

Swelling songs of praise, booming cannon, fluttering colors, the calm glory of great white buildings and ribbon-like lagoons, all seemed to pledge American citizens to the defense of such a government as solemnly as fifty-six honored men once bound themselves to the support of a document known as the “Declaration of Independence “—by their lives, fortunes, and their sacred honor."

https://chicagology.com/columbiaexpo/fair024/

 

The 1893 World's Fair: Origins of The Carnival Ferris Wheel

"In 1890, the U.5 Congress decided that the celebration of the 400th anniversary of Columbus’ discovery of America should be centered in Chicago, and accordingly, on April 9, the State of Illinois licensed the corporation known as the World’s Columbian Exposition to prepare this great event.

The Corporation’s directors, in October, 1890, appointed the rising architect, Daniel H. Burnham, Construction Chief{ and delegated to him autocratic powers. Burnham, architect of the first “skyscrapers,” was a good bet to score a smashing success, both for the Exposition and for himself£ At this early stage, he was chiefly concerned at the lack of participation by America’s civil engineers.

Seeking to stir them into action, he arranged to speak before the “Saturday Afternoon Club,” an informal group of architects and engineers who were interested in the Fair. Their gatherings had served as a sort of public opinion poll on many of the architectural and engineering structures of the Exposition.

Burnham’s speech was cleverly contrived to produce immediate reaction: he asserted that the architects of America had covered themselves with glory and enduring fame by their artistic skill and original designs for mammoth buildings, while the civil engineers had contributed very little or nothing in the way of originating novel features or of demonstrating the possibilities of modern engineering practices in America. He called on them to provide some distinctive feature, something to fill the relative position in the World’s Columbian Exposition that was filled by the 984 foot Eiffel Tower at the Paris Exposition in 1889. It was immediately proposed to build a tower 500 feet higher than Eiffel’s, but since this would be playing second fiddle to Eiffel’s genius, this idea was dismissed. Mere bigness was not what was wanted. Something novel, original, daring and unique must be designed and built if American engineers were to retain their prestige and standing.

Seated in the audience was a tall, slight young engineer with a pale, resolute face. This was George Washington Gale Ferris, at that time the senior partner in a firm specializing in building steel bridges. Thirty-two years old, he had been educated at the California Military Academy and Rensseler Polytechnic Institute, where he received an engineering degree in 1881. For several years, he had worked on railroads and mining ventures and was one of the first to make a profession of testing materials and structures.

The popular story is that Ferris designed the wheel while at dinner with friends in a Chicago restaurant and that it was built without a change being made to this original sketch. There is some evidence, however, that he had designed the Wheel five or six years prior to the Exposition and it is possible that he chose a quiet moment after dinner to reveal these plans.

Ferris decided that this was the proper time and the opportunity he had been looking for to build his Great Wheel and he at once set about this monumental task."

Ferris Wheel in the 1893 Chicago World's Fair – Hyde Park Historical ...

 

The Apocalypse of The United Carnivale of America

"Carnivàle /kɑːrnɪˈvæl/  is an American television series set in the United States during the Great Depression and Dust Bowl. In tracing the lives of two disparate groups of people, its story depicts the battle between good and evil and the struggle between free will and destiny; the storyline mixes Christian theology with gnosticism and Masonic lore, particularly that of the Knights Templar. It was filmed in Santa Clarita, California, and other Southern Californian locations."

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnivàle

Carnivàle Opening Title Sequence  source:  MarcelVEVO

Welcome To The Endless Fair World: A Land of Infinite Carnivále

"The goals of the management and the reactions of the public to this massive event reveal a great deal about the state of America at the close of the Gilded Age. The early 1890s were a time of considerable turmoil in America, and the conflicting interests and ideas found full play in the presentation and reception of the Fair. It was an age of increasing fragmentation and confusion, of self-conscious searching for an identity on a personal and on a national level. The industrial, and increasingly electrical, revolutions were transforming America; the American way of life was no longer based on agriculture, but on factories and urban centers, and the end of the Gilded Age signified the advent of what Alan Trachtenberg has called the "incorporation of America," the shift of social control from the people and government to big business. The accompanying shift from a producer to a consumer society and the incredible growth of these corporations led to financial instability. Recessions and the devastating Depression of 1893, the violent Homestead and Pullman labor strikes, and widespread unemployment and homelessness plagued the early years of the decade. The frontier was closing, immigration, technological advances, and the railroads had changed the face of the country, and suddenly "Americanness" was more and more difficult to define. Americans were at once confused, excited, and overwhelmed."

"The World's Columbian Exposition was the perfect vehicle to explore these immense changes while at the same time celebrating the kind of society America had become. World's Fairs, by the end of the century, were an established cultural and entertainment form with immense international influence. From the first major nineteenth century exposition, the 1851 "Crystal Palace" fair in London to Philadelphia's 1876 Centennial Exhibition to Paris' Exposition Universelle of 1889, hundreds of millions of people around the world visited over 50 international fairs in the last half of the century, finding in them not only entertainment, but cultural enlightenment, commercial opportunity, and a reflection of their age."

"Even as cultural producers and consumers of the time understood the importance of the Fair as a form, so modern scholars understand that as "cities within cities and cultures within civilizations, they both reflect and idealize the historical moments when they appear." (Gilbert, 13) We are able to learn a great deal about the culture and issues of the late nineteenth century by studying fairs as important social indicators. "

"The Columbian Exposition was very much a part of this tradition. It attempted to redefine America for itself and the world, and in doing so introduced many themes and artifacts still prevalent in American life: the connection between technology and progress; the predominance of corporations and the professional class in the power structure of the country; the triumph of the consumer culture; and the equation of European forms with "high culture", as well as the more pedestrian legacy of Juicy Fruit Gum, Pabst Blue Ribbon beer, ragtime music, and Quaker Oats. H.W. Brands, in his fascinating work on the 1890s, The Reckless Decade, points to the importance of studying this Fair and the age it informs and reflects.

For Americans living in the 1990s, the events of the 1890s would be worth exploring even if they imparted no insight into the present. Life on the edge frequently evokes the best and worst in people and societies. It did so during the 1890s, when the United States produced more than its normal quota of demagogues and dedicated reformers, scoundrels and paragons of goodwill, when the American people lived up to their better selves and down to their worse....

Yet the story of the 1890s also possesses significance beyond its inherent color and drama. How America survived the last decade of the nineteenth century--how it pursued its hopes, occasionally confronted and frequently fled its fears, wrestled its angels and demons--reveals much about the American people. What it reveals can be of use to a later generation of those people, situated similarly on the cusp between an old century and a new one."

World's Columbian Exposition: Introduction

 

Festive Saturnalia Rules

"A festival is an event ordinarily celebrated by a community and centering on some characteristic aspect of that community and its religion or traditions. It is often marked as a local or national holiday, mela, or eid. Next to religion and folklore, a significant origin is agricultural. Food is such a vital resource that many festivals are associated with harvest time. Religious commemoration and thanksgiving for good harvests are blended in events that take place in autumn, such as Halloween in the northern hemisphere and Easter in the southern."

"Festivals often serve to fulfill specific communal purposes, especially in regard to commemoration or thanksgiving. The celebrations offer a sense of belonging for religious, social, or geographical groups, contributing to group cohesiveness. They may also provide entertainment, which was particularly important to local communities before the advent of mass-produced entertainment. Festivals that focus on cultural or ethnic topics also seek to inform community members of their traditions; the involvement of elders sharing stories and experience provides a means for unity among families."

"In Ancient Greece and Rome, festivals such as the Saturnalia were closely associated with social organisation and political processes as well as religion. In modern times, festivals may be attended by strangers such as tourists, who are attracted to some of the more eccentric or historical ones."

Festival - Wikipedia

 

The Fourth of July

"Independence Day is a national holiday marked by patriotic displays. Similar to other summer-themed events, Independence Day celebrations often take place outdoors. Independence Day is a federal holiday, so all non-essential federal institutions (such as the postal service and federal courts) are closed on that day. Many politicians make it a point on this day to appear at a public event to praise the nation's heritage, laws, history, society, and people.

Families often celebrate Independence Day by hosting or attending a picnic or barbecue; many take advantage of the day off and, in some years, a long weekend to gather with relatives or friends. Decorations (e.g., streamers, balloons, and clothing) are generally colored red, white, and blue, the colors of the American flag. Parades are often held in the morning, before family get-togethers, while fireworks displays occur in the evening after dark at such places as parks, fairgrounds, or town squares.

The night before the Fourth was once the focal point of celebrations, marked by raucous gatherings often incorporating bonfires as their centerpiece. In New England, towns competed to build towering pyramids, assembled from barrels and casks. They were lit at nightfall, to usher in the celebration. The highest were in Salem, Massachusetts (on Gallows Hill, the famous site of the execution of 13 women and 6 men for witchcraft in 1692 during the Salem witch trials), where the tradition of celebratory bonfires had persisted, with pyramids composed of as many as forty tiers of barrels. These made the tallest bonfires ever recorded. The custom flourished in the 19th and 20th centuries, and is still practiced in some New England towns.[19]

Independence Day fireworks are often accompanied by patriotic songs such as the national anthem "The Star-Spangled Banner,", "God Bless America,", "America the Beautiful," "My Country, 'Tis of Thee," "This Land Is Your Land," "Stars and Stripes Forever," and, regionally, "Yankee Doodle" in northeastern states and "Dixie" in southern states. Some of the lyrics recall images of the Revolutionary War or the War of 1812."

"In 1781, the Massachusetts General Court became the first state legislature to recognize July 4 as a state celebration. 

In 1783, Moravians in Salem, North Carolina, held a celebration of July 4 with a challenging music program assembled by Johann Friedrich Peter. This work was titled The Psalm of Joy. This is recognized as the first recorded celebration and is still celebrated there today. 

In 1870, the U.S. Congress made Independence Day an unpaid holiday for federal employees." 

"In 1938, Congress changed Independence Day to a paid federal holiday"

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independence_Day_(United_States)

Woodstock - Wikipedia

Burning Man - Wikipedia

 

Manufacturing The Modern National Identity

"We The People" is Just Market Sloganeering

The 20th Century: The Age of The Invention of National Identity

Nation States are imaginary. National identities are constructed.

13. Nationalism  source:  YaleCourses

"Published on Sep 2, 2009

European Civilization, 1648-1945 (HIST 202)

In light of the many ethnic and national conflicts of the twentieth century, the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918 appears less surprising than the fact that it remained intact for so long. National identity is not an essential characteristic of peoples, and in many cases in Europe it is a relatively recent invention. As such, there are many different characteristics according to which national communities can be defined, or, in Benedict Anderson's phrase, imagined. Along with religion and ethnicity, language has played a particularly important role in shaping the imaginary identification of individuals with abstract communities. No one factor necessarily determines this identification, as evidenced by modern countries such as Belgium and Switzerland that incorporate multiple linguistic and cultural groups in one national community."

 
 

The United Carnivale of America Presents The Soap Operatic Side Show Singing Senators: Take A Wide Stance For Foot Tapping Fun!

Coming To A Stop In A Public Restroom

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Larry_Craig

The Singing Senators: Where Are They Now?  source: progressivids