Unified Quest 2011: Homeland Operations Wargame
via: US Army TRADOC
Operational Art, Design and the Center of Gravity
"Operational art spans a planning continuum that runs from comprehensive strategic actions down to concrete tactical actions. 1 Both joint and Army elements use operational art, which is defined as the use of creative thinking to design strategies, campaigns, and major operations. 2 Operational art allows commanders and staffs to think through the challenges of understanding their environment and the problem, and then develop a concept that frames and guides detailed planning. 3 The elements of operational art are intellectual tools that help commanders and staffs visualize and describe their approach for conducting an operation. These tools include end state and conditions, centers of gravity, lines of effort, phases and transitions, and several other elements that allow commanders to assess and plan long-term operations."